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ttst dh fu;qfDr% O;oLFkk dksbZ Hkh gks ikjnf'kZrk ds vHkko esa fLFkfr esa dksbZ cnyko lEHko ugha

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mPp U;k; ikfydk esa ttst dh tks Hkh fu;qfDr O;oLFkk Fkh ;k gS mlesa dfe;ksa ds ckotwn ,d ls c< dj ,d izfrHkkoku ttst dh fu;qfDr;ka gqbZ ftuds fu.kZ; dk yksgk iwjk fo'o ekurk gS fQj Hkh tc maxyh mB tk; rks lek/kku vko';d gSA

lhrk th dks tc jke pUnz th yadk fot; ds ckn okil yk;s rks ;g tkurs gq, Hkh dh os igys dh rjg ifo= gSa mudh vfXu ijh{kk yh mlds ckotwn tc mudh iztk ds ,d /kksch us maxyh mBk nh rks mUgksaus lhrk dk ifjR;kx flQZ blfy, dj fn;k fd iztk esa jktk ds izfr dksbZ lansg ugha gksuk pkfg,A

cgqr lkjh dfe;ksa&[kkfe;ksa ds ckotwn Hkkjrh; U;k;ikfydk esa ,sls ttst gq, vkSj vkt Hkh gSa ftuds ;ksX;rk] fu.kZ; {kerk o bZekunkjh ls vkt Hkh yksxksa dk fo'okl ml ij cuk gqvk gS rFkk tks vius dk;Z dks dq'kyrkiwoZd djrs gq, bl laLFkk dh xfjek dks cpkus ds iz;kl esa yxs gSaA ,sls bZekunkj tt iwjs ns'k dks ;g lans'k nsus esa l{ke gSa vkSj fn, Hkh gSa fd U;k; ls Åij dksbZ ughaA25-2.jpg

mPp U;k;ky; ds lsokfuo`Ùk tt dh vUr'psruk fjVk;jes.V ds rhu o"kZ ckn vkSj tc ;wih, ljdkj dh d`ik Lo:i izkIr Hkkjrh; izsl ifj"kn dk v/;{k in vfUre pj.k esa gS] tkx`r gksdj mPp U;k;ky; o mPpre U;k;ky; esa ttst dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k esa Hkz"Vkpkj dk tks [kqyklk fd;k gS mlls bl laLFkk ij ftrus xEHkhj iz'u [kM s gq, gS mlls vf/kd xaHkhj iz'u dkVtw dh nl lky dh pqIih ij [kM s gks jgs gSaA

ikjnf'kZrk bZekunkjh dk igyk lksiku gS tcfd xksiuh;rk Hkz"Vkpkj dh tuuh o Discretion mldk ikyu iks"k.k drkZ gSA25-3.jpg

Lokra=;ksÙkj Hkkjr esa turk dks nks vf/kdkj] ,d U;k;ikfydk }kjk ,d fo/kkf;dk }kjk ,sls feys ftlls mldk vkSj ns'k dk cgqr dqN Hkyk gks ldrk Fkk ysfdu vQlksl ,d dk lgh mi;ksx ugha gks ik jgk gS tcfd nwljs dk mi;ksx ftEesnkj inksa ij cSBs yksx ckf/kr dj jgs gSaA ;s vf/kdkj gSa tufgr ;kfpdk o lwpuk dk vf/kdkjA ;s nksuksa ,d nwljs ds iwjd gSa rFkk nksuksa dk mn~ns'; turk dks vU;k; ls cpkuk rFkk ftEesnkj yksxksa ds dke&dkt esa ikjnf'kZrk lqfuf'pr djuk gSA

yksdra= ds LrEHk fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk o U;k;ikfydk ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd bl ikjnf'kZrk ds iwjh rjg ls f[kykQ gS D;ksafd ;fn ,slk u gksrk rks eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ls ysdj iz/kkuea=h rd lc vius dks lwpuk vf/kdkj dkuwu ls ckgj j[kus dh ckr u djrsA vHkh dqN le; iwoZ mPpre U;k;ky; o mPp U;k;ky; ;gk¡ rd dh eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dh fu;qfDr esa ikjnf'kZrk ,oa tokcnsgh lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds rgr tkudkfj;k¡ ekaxh tkus yxha tks U;k;ikfydk dks cgqr ukxokj xqtjha tcfd U;k;ikfydk esa tulkekU; dk fo'okl iquZLFkkfir djus ds fy, ;g u flQZ U;k;laxr gS cfYd t:jh Hkh gSA

25-4.jpgmPp U;k;ky; o mPpre U;k;ky; esa ttst dh fu;qfDr] LFkkukUrj.k o mldh izfØ;k 'kq: ls gh fooknksa o cgl dk eqn~nk jgha gSA igys dsUnz ljdkj dh flQkfj'k ij fu;qfDr;k¡ gksrh Fkha ckn esa mPpre U;k;ky; ,d tqfMfl;y vkMZj djds viuh dksysft;e ds ek/;e ls fu;qfDr;k¡ djus yxk ysfdu fookn o cgl dks fojke ugha yxkA ftlds ihNs egRoiw.kZ dkj.k Hkh gSA tc dsUnz dh flQkfj'k ij fu;qfDr;k¡ gksrh Fkha rc Hkh tt cuus dh ;ksX;rk ekius dk dksbZ ekin.M ugha Fkk] ikVhZ ds vuq'kkflr odhy dk;ZdÙkkZ dks tt cuk fn;k tkrk Fkk vc tc mPp U;k;ky; dh dksysft;e dh fu;qfDr dh flQkfj'k ij mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysft;e fu;qfDr dh flQkfj'k djrh gS rks Hkh ;ksX;rk ekius dk dksbZ fu/kkZfjr ekin.M ugha gSA ;g ek= dqN lhfu;j ttksa dk Discretion gS ftldks ekudj mPpre U;k;ky; ds dksysft;e ds lnL; vius Discretion ds vk/kkj ij fu.kZ; djrs gSa ftldk urhtk gS fd dqN fu;qfDr;ksa ls U;k;ikfydk dh xfjek dks vk?kkr yxk gSA ,slk dbZ ckj gks pqdk gS fd mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysfTk;e mPp U;k;ky; ds dksfyft;e }kjk vxzlkfjr ukeksa dks vLohdkj dj nsrk gSA D;k bl ns'k dh turk dks ;g tkuus dk vf/kdkj ugha gS fd fdl vk/kkj ij ttksa dh fu;qfDr gsrq uke Hksts x;s vkSj fdu dkj.kksa ls mudks fujLr dj fn;k x;k\
vkt yk[k Vds dk loky gS fd brus egRoiw.kZ in ij fu;qfDr ds fy, D;k dksbZ Criteria ¼ekin.M½ gS\ ttksa dh fu;qfDr ds fy, lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 217 ¼1½ o ¼2½ esa LFkk;h rFkk vuqPNsn 224 esa ,fM'kuy@,fDVax ttst dh fu;qfDr dk izko/kku fd;k x;k gSA H.M. Seervai ds Constitutional law of India ds pkSFks laLdj.k esa ml ij fy[kk gS&
"...That procedure was desined to test the fitness of a person to be appointed a High Court Judge; his character, his integrity and his campetence in various branches of the law, and the like. In recruiting a person from the Bar, his experience in defferent kinds of litigation would also be taken in to account"

ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa ,d fuf'pr Criteria dk u gksuk bldh xfjek o U;k; dh xq.koÙkk nksuks dks izHkkfor dj jgk gSA tc 10'x10'/4 ds pSEcj ds ,YkkVes.V ds fy, Criteria fu/kkZfjr djuk vko';d gS tSlk fd ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ nsoh izlkn flag o vYyk jge dh ihB us fot; 'kadj f=ikBh ,oa vU; cuke ekuuh; mPp U;k;ky; bykgkckn ,oa vU; esa tks [2007(25) LCD 1266] esa fjiksVZM gS ,ykVeasV fyLV dks Quash djrs gq, fy[kk gS&
"Opposite parties may proceed afresh to allot the chambers ofter formulating the criteria...." rc ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa dksbZ Criteria D;ksa ugha\
bruk gh ugha ofj"B vf/koDrk ukfer djus ds fy, Full court dh jk; t:jh gS rks tt dh fu;qfDr esa flQZ rhu dh gh jk; D;ksa\ ikjnf'kZrk ds vHkko o Discretion dk Qk;nk mBkrs gq, ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa ^va/kk ckaVs jsoM h viqfg vkiqfg ys;* dh dgkor pfjrkFkZ gks jgh gSA Discretion dk lhfer mi;ksx djus ij Supreme Court Advocate-on-Record Association & others V/s Union of India Reported in 1993(4) SCC 441 specking for the majority Hon'ble J.S. Verma J held".... the reduction of the area of discretion to the minimum, the element of plurality of Juges in formation of the opinion of the Chief Justice of India effective consultation in writing and  prevailing norms to regulate the area of discretion are Sufficient cheeks" ysfdu okLro esa gks blds myVk jgk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd bruh deh ds ckotwn ukeksa ij lgefr ugha cu ik jgh gSA

ttksa dh fu;qfDr dks ysdj tks iz'u lkeus vk jgs gSa os u flQZ vuqÙkfjr gSa cfYd iwjh&iwjh U;k;ikfydk dks dV?kjs esa [kM k djus okys gSa vkSj flQZ ttksa dh gh fu;qfDr ugha bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; esa fiNys yxHkx 30 o"kksZa esa prqFkZ Js.kh dh fu;qfDr ds fy, Hkh ,d Hkh foKkiu ugha fudyk r`rh; Js.kh esa lSdM ksa fu;qfDr;k¡ euekus <ax ls dh x;h vkf[kj D;ksa\ D;k ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dk [ksy ugha gS\

yxHkx jkst gh ikjnf'kZrk dh /kqu ctkus okys U;k;ky; dkuwu ls Åij gS\ vkf[kj25-5.jpg ikjnf'kZrk ls bruh ?kcM kgV D;ksa\ ttksa dh fu;qfDr ds ckjs esa lwpuk lkoZtfud djus ds fy, Central Information Commission us tks funsZ'k tkjh fd;k Fkk mls mPpre U;k;ky; us viuh gh dksVZ esa pqukSrh ns nhA eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dks Right to Information Act  ds ambit esa gksus ds fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds] fu.kZ; ij rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds-th- ckykd`".kuu~ us ;g vkifÙk mBk;h fd ttksa dh fu;qfDr;ksa ls lacaf/kr tkudkfj;k¡ losan'khy gS ftUgsa lkoZtkfud ugha fd;k tk ldrkA ;g ckr le> ls ijs gS fd fdlh Hkh fu;qfDr esa mlls lEcaf/kr tkudkjh fdl fygkt ls laosnu'khy gS flok; Hkz"Vkpkj dsA blls myV tc p;u izfØ;k ikjn'khZ o ekin.M vk/kkfjr gksrh gS rks ,slh fu;qfDr;ksa esa tu fo'okl dk Hkh lekos'k gksrk gSA fu;qfDr lEca/kh lwpuk lkoZtkfud u djuk mlesa Hkz"Vkpkj dh v'kadk dks tUe nsrk gSA

Kkr gks fd tc ttksa dh fu;qfDr dsUnz ljdkj }kjk dh tkrh Fkh rks 1981 esa Lo;a mPpre U;k;ky; us gh fu;qfDr ls lacaf/kr lwpukvksa dks lkoZtfud djus dk funsZ'k nsrs gq, S.P. Gupta V/s Union of India Reported in (AIR 1982 SC 149 esa observe fd;k& "....Sometimes it is difficult to recruit competent judges and no useful purpose is served by appointing mediocre judges who ultimately would not be able to make any impact so far as the arrears of pending cases are concerned and who would dilute the quality of justice administered in the High Court."

"....Now it is obvious from the Constitution that we have adopted a democratic form of Government. Where a society has chosen to accept democracy as its creedal faith, it is elementary that the citizens ought to know what their government is doing. The citizens have a right to decide by whom and by what rules they shall be governed and they are entitled to call on those who govern on their behalf to account for their conduct. No democratic government can survive without accountability and the basic postulate of accountability is that the people should have information about the functioning of the government. It is only if people know how government is functioning that they can fulfill the role which democracy assigns to them and make democracy a really effective participatory democracy. "Knowledge" said James Madison, "will for ever govern ignorance and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power knowledge gives. A popular government without popular information or the means of obtaining it. is but a prologue to a farce or tragedy or perhaps both." The citizens' right, to know the facts, the true facts, about, the administration of the country is thus one of the pillars of a democratic State. And that is why the demand for openness in the government is increasingly growing in defferent parts of the world."

requires, or which turns information services into propaganda agencies, will lose the trust of the people. It will be countered by ill-informed and destructive criticism. Its critics will try to break down all barriers erected to preserve secrecy and they will disclose all that they can by whatever means, discover. As a result matters will be revealed when they ought to remain secret in the interests of the nation."

"....    We have no doubt that high level constitutional functionaries like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India would not be deterred from performing their constitutional duty of expressing their views boldly and fearlessly even if they were told that the correspon- dence containing their views might subsequently be disclosed, If, to quote the words of Lord Pearce in Conway v. rimmer 1968 AC 910 (supra) "there are countless teachers at schools and universities, countless employers of labour, who write candid reports, unworried by the outside chance of disclosure" here is no reason to suspect that high level constitutional functionaries like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India would flinch and falter in expressing their frank and sincere views when performing their constitutional duty. We have already dealt with the argument based on the need for candour and frankness and we must reject it in its application to the case of holders of high constitutional offices like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India. Be it noted -- and of this we have no doubt -- that our Chief Justices and Judges are made of sterner stuff; they have inherited a long and ancient tradition of independence and impartiality they are by training and experience as also by their oath of office dedicated to the cause of justice administered without fear or favour, affection or ill-will and in fact there is no power on earth which can deflect them from the path of rectitude. We find it difficult to believe that they would not act as Judges but as weak kneed and ef-fete individuals afraid to express their views lest they might come to be known to others and provoke criticism.

"....    The demand for openness in the government is based principally on two reasons. It is now widely accepted that democracy, does not consist merely in people exercising their franchise once in five years to choose their rules and, once the vote is cast, then retiring in passivity and not taking any interest in the government. Today it is common ground that democracy has a moralities content and its orchestration has to be continuous and pervasive. This means inter alia that people should not only cast intelligent and rational votes but should also emeralds sound judgment on the conduct of the government and the merits of public policies; so that democracy does not remain merely a sporadic exercise in voting but becomes a continuous process of government--an attitude and habit of mind. But this important role people can fulfill in a democracy only if it is an open government where there is full access to information in regard to the functioning of the government."25-6.jpg

"....    A democratic government, however, though it must compete with these other types of organisation, has a task which is complicated by its obligations to the people. It needs the trust of the governed. It. cannot, use the plea of secrecy to hide from the people its basic aims. On the contrary it must explain these aims: It must provide the justification for them and give the facts both for and against a selected course of action. Now must such information be provided only at one level and through one means of communication? A government which pursues secret aims, or which operates in greater secrecy than the effective conduct of its proper functionsConfidentiality is not a head of privilege and the need for confidentiality of high level communications without more cannot sustain a claim for immunity against disclosure. Vide Science Research Council v. Nassa (1979) 3 All ER 673 and particularly the observations of Lord Scarman at pp. 697 and 698. Even if a document be confidential, it must be produced, notwithstanding its confide- ntiality, if it is necessary for fairly disposing of the case, unless it can be shown that its disclosure would otherwise be injurious to public interest. " 25-7.jpg

"....    There might be difference of views between the Chief Justice of the High Court and the Chief Justice of India but so long as the views are held bona fide by the two Chief Justices, we do not see why they should be worried about the disclosure of their views? Why should they feel embarrassed by public discu-ssion or debate of the views expressed by them when they have acted bona fide with the greatest care and circums-pection and after mature deliberation. We also find it difficult to agree that if the differing views of the two Chief Justices become known to the outside world, the public discussion and debate that might ensue might have the effect of lowering the dignity and prestige of casino online one or the other of the two Chief Justices. When the differing views of the two Chief Justices are made public as a result of disclosure, there would certainly be public discussion and debate in regard to those views with some criticizing one wiew and some criticizing the other, but that cannot be helped in a democracy where the right of free speech and expression is a guaranteed right and if the views have been expressed by the two Chief Justices with proper care and deliberation and a full sense of responsibility in discharge of a constitutional duty, there is no reason why the two Chief Justices should worry about public criticism.

We fail to see how such public criticism could have the effect of undermining the prestige and dignity of one or the other Chief Justice. So long as the two Chief Justices have acted honestly and bona fide with full consciousness of the heavy responsibility that rests upon them in matters of this kind, we do not think that any amount of public criticism can affect their prestige and dignity. But if either on the two Chief Justices has acted carelessly or improperly or irresponsibly or out of oblique motive, his view would certainly toe subjected public criticism and censure and that might show him in poor light and bring him down in the esteem of the people, but that will be the price which he will have to pay for his remissness in discharge of his constitutional duty, No Chief Justice or Judge should be allowed to hide his improper or irresponsible action under the cloak of secrecy. If any Chief Justice or Judge has behaved improperly or irresponsibly or in a manner not befitting the high office he holds, there is no reason why his action should not be exposed to public gaze. We believe in an open Government and openness in Government does not mean openness merely in the functioning of the executive arm of the State. The same openness must characterise the functioning of the judicial apparatus including judicial appointments and transfers. Today the process of judicial appointments and transfers is shrouded in mystery. The public does not know how judges are selected and appointed or transferred and whether any and if so what, principles and norms govern this process. The exercise of the power of appointment and transfer remains a sacred ritual whose mystery is confined only to a handful of high priests, namely, the Chief Justice of the High Court, the Chief Minister of the State, the Law Minister of the Central Government and the Chief Justice of India in case of appointment or non-appointment or non-appointment of a High Court Judge and the Law Minister of the Central Government and the Chief Justice of India in case of appointment of a Supreme Court Judge or transfer of a High Court Judge. The mystique of this process is kept secret and confidential between just a few individuals, not more than two or four as the case may be, and the possibility cannot therefore be ruled cut that howsoever highly placed may be these individuals, the process may on occasions result in making of wrong appointments and transfers and may also at times, though fortunately very rare, lend itself to nepotism, political as well as personal and even trade-off. We do not see any reason why this process of appointment and transfer of Judges should be regarded as so sacrosanct that no one should be able to pry into it and it should be protected against disclosure at all events and in all circumstances. In fact, the possibility of subsequent disclosure would act a an effective check against carelessness, impetuosity, arbitrariness or mala fides on the part of the Central Government, the Chief Justice of the High Court and the Chief Justice of India and ensure bona fide and correct approach, objective and dispassionate consideration, mature thought and deliberation and proper application of mind on their part in discharging their constitutional duty in regard to appointments and transfers of Judges. ...."

blds vfrfjDr iVuk mPp U;k;ky; ds rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds-ch-,u- flag dk LFkkukUrj.k tc enzkl mPp U;k;ky; ds fy, dj fn;k Fkk rks Hkkjr ds rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k okbZ-oh- pUnzpwM us vius gh U;k;ky; ¼mPpre U;k;ky;½ esa bl ckr dk gyQukek nkf[ky fd;k fd bl LFkkukUrj.k ds ihNs dksbZ nqHkkZouk ugha fNih gSA

tc iwoZ esa bl izdkj ds mnkgj.k ekStwn gSa fd eq[; U;k;k/kh'k Lo;a gyQukek nkf[ky djrs gSa vkSj mPpre U;k;ky; dk;Zikfydk dks fu;qfDr laca/kh nLrkost lkoZtfud djus dk vkns'k ns ldrh gS rks vc ;g fNiko D;ksa\ dqN le; iwoZ blh mPp U;k;ky; ds ,d U;k;ewfrZ dh fu;qfDr dks pqukSrh nh x;h rks ihB ds bl vkns'k ds ckotwn fd ^,izSty fjiksVZ* lhy cUn fyQkQs esa dksVZ esa nkf[ky dh tk;] nkf[ky ugha dh x;h cfYd ekeys dks mPpre U;k;ky; esa LFkkuUrfjr dj fn;k x;k vkSj og ^vizSty fjiksVZ* lkoZtfud ugha gqbZA yxHkx ,d o"kZ iwoZ fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k vftr izdk'k 'kkg us mPpre U;k;ky; esa viuh fu;qfDr u gksus ij fcnkbZ lekjksg esa dgk Fkk ^^;g turk r; djs fd mudh fu;qfDr mPpre U;k;ky; esa D;ksa ugha gqbZ** mUgksaus vkxs dksysft;e }kjk ttksa dh fu;qfDr ij dgk fd ;fn fdlh tt dh ojh;rk dks utjvankt fd;k tkrk gS rks mlds fy, dkj.k crk;k tkuk pkfg,A mudh bl vo/kkj.kk dks etcwrh iznku djrs gq, ns'k ds dbZ vU; eq[; U;k;k/kh'kksa ,oa U;k;fonkas us dgk dksysft;e }kjk ttksa dh fu;qfDr;ksa esa ;ksX;rk dks rjthg u nsdj lkSnsckth gksrh gSA

ttksa dh Opaque fu;qfDr iz.kkyh ij laln dh LFkk;h lfefr ds Views dqN bl izdkj gSa&
"The closed system prevailing now is not getting meritorious persons called to the Bench... till the warrant of appointment is issued by the president, it is maintained as secret. It is the democratic principle. Committee further said that aspirants name merits and the selections process shall be made public and transparent."

U;k; nsus dh i}fr (Justice Delivery system) esa odhyksa o ttksa  nksuks dh honesty o Integrity dk cgqr vge jksy gS 'kk;n ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd odkyr dks Noble profession o ttksa dks 'My Lords' dgk x;kA blfy, ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa Entry Point ¼fopkj ds fy, ukeksa ds p;u½ ij gh lcls vf/kd lko/kkuh cjrus dh vko';drk gksrh gSA

vkt tc ns'k esa Hkz"Vkpkj fodjky :i /kkj.k dj pqdk gS] ftls dkuwuh vL= izgkj ls gh ijkLr fd;k tk ldrk gS ftlds fy, l{ke dkuwu] ikjn'khZ U;k; iz.kkyh rFkk bekunkj] fu"i{k QSlyk nsus okys ttksa dh vko';drk gSA gekjs laof/kku esa U;k;ikfydk dk Concept vesfjdk ls fy;k x;k gS tgk¡ 19oha lnh ls gh U;k;k/kh'kksa dh fu;qfDr lh/ks fcuk jktuhfrd gLr{ksi ds dh tkrh gS tcfd gekjs ;gk¡ ttksa dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k u flQZ vikjn'khZ gS cfYd mlesa ?ku?kksj jktuhfrd gLr{ksi Hkh gksrk gSA

ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa bUgha fofHkUu izdkj ds gLr{ksiksa@ Hkz"Vkpkjksa dks Nqikus ds fy, gj laHko dksf'k'ksa gksrh gSa bldks tu lkekU; rks NksfM ;s blds vk/kkj LrEHk odhy Hkh u tku ik;s fd fdu&fdu ds ukeksa ij fopkj gks jgk gS] u tku ik;s fd fdl Criteria ij fopkj gks jgk gSA

vikjnf'kZrk ¼xksiuh;rk½ Hkz"Vkpkj dh tuuh gS bl ckr ls izekf.kr gksrh gS fd nqfu;k ds nl Hkz"Vre ns'kksa esa fdlh esa Hkh lwpuk dk vf/kdkj ugha gS tcfd nl lcls bekunkj ns'kksa esa ukS esa vf/kdkj dh vktknh gSA laoS/kkfud laLFkkvksa esa ikjnf'kZrk ds vHkko esa gh Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM s QSy pqdh gSaA fu;qfDr ds igys ukeksa dks xksiuh; j[kus dk dkj.k Hkh 'kk;n ;gh gS fd ,d ckj uke pys tkus vkSj okjaV tkjh gks tkus ds ckn fQj dksbZ dqN ugha dj ldrkA

vHkh ckj ls fu;qfDr ds fy, ,d ;ksX;rk gS fd odhy dk nl o"kZ iqjkuk bUjksyes.V 'Right to practice' dk gksuk pkfg,A vc iz'u mBrk gS fd 10 o"kZ ds bUjksyes.V okys rks gtkjksa odhy gSa muesa ls fdldks pquk tk jgk gS blds fy, ekin.M fu/kkZfjr djuk vko';d gSA fcuk Criteria fu/kkZfjr fd, ukeksa dks vxzlkfjr djuk Arbitrariness dh Js.kh esa vkrk gSA brus egRoiw.kZ in ij fu;qfDr vxj fcuk Criteria fu/kkZfjr fd;s gksrh gS rks ;g vlaoS/kkfud fu;qfDr dh gh Js.kh esa vk;sxhA

vkt mPp U;k;ky; o mPpre U;k;ky; ds fu;qfDr e.My ¼dksysft;e½ dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k 'Tap on the Shoulder Method' ij vk/kfjr gS tks u flQZ xksiuh; gS cfYd xSj tokcnsg Hkh gS vkSj blh dk Qk;nk mBkrs gq, ,d ckj fQj dsUnz ljdkj U;k;k/kh'kksa dh fu;qfDr dk vf/kdkj vius gkFk esa ysus ds fy, gkFk iSj ekj jgh gS tks blds fy, uqdlknsg gSA

vc ;fn bl laoS/kkfud laLFkk esa tu fo'okl dh cgkyh djuh gS rks ttksa dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k dks iw.kZ ikjn'khZ cukuk gksxk blds fy, vko';d gS&

  • fu;qfDr dh O;oLFkk pkgs ftlds gkFk esa gks ikjn'khZ gksA
  • p;u izfØ;k o ekin.M dk fu/kkZj.k gks rFkk mldk O;kid izlkj&izpkj djrs gq, b.VjusV ij Mkyk tk,A
  • Desired Deserving Candidates ls izkFkZuk i= vkeaf=r djds mldks b.VjusV ij Mkyk tk;A
  • Candidates ds ckjs esa tks vkifÙk;k¡ vk;sa mudh ,d Lora= tk¡p lfefr cukdj tk¡p gks mlds ckn gh muds ukeksa ij fopkj gksA
  • uke dks fu;qfDr ds fy, vxzlkfjr djus ;k vLohd`r djus dk dkj.k crk;k tk;A
  • p;u dk vk/kkj flQZ fu/kkZfjr ekin.M gksA
  • Discretions dks dksbZ txg u nh tk;A
  • Deserving dh Desirability dks Eligibility dh Criteria ds fudl ij dldj gh Suitability eki dj fu;qfDr izfØ;k dks vkxs c< k;k tk;A

 

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 28 April 2015 02:57

न्याय आवश्यक सेवा

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&vkj-,e- yks< k] eq[; U;k;k/kh'k

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U;k;ewfrZ vkj-,e- yks< k us xr 27 vizSy dks eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds :i esa 'kiFk yhA U;k;k/kh'k vkj-,e- yks< k dk dk;Zdky ek= 5 eghus dk gS tks 27 flrEcj 2014 rd pysxkA eq[; U;k;k/kh'k yks< k jktLFkku mPp U;k;ky; ds iwoZ tt U;k;ewfrZ ,l-ds- ey yks< k ds iq= gSaA eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dk in U;k;ewfrZ yks< k us ,sls le; esa laHkkyk gS tc U;k;ewfrZ;ksa ds pfj= ij fiNys dqN le; ls u flQZ maxfy;ka mB jgh gSa cfYd dsl rd ntZ gks x;s gSaA 'kkjhfjd 'kks"k.k ds bu vkjksiksa ds dkj.k U;k;ikfydk dh Nfo dks /kDdk yxk gSA
mudk ekuuk gS fd U;k;ikfydk ls LoPNrk o ifjiw.kZrk dh vis{kk dh tkrh gS vkSj vk'kk dh tkrh gS fd U;k;ikfydk vius dk;Z o O;ogkj ls loksZPp vkpj.k dk mnkgj.k izLrqr djrs gq, ,d ijEijk izLrqr djsaxhA
vady izSfDVl ij vius fopkj O;Dr djrs gq, eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us dgk ^^;g nqHkkZX;iw.kZ gS blds fy, U;k;ikfydk vkSj ttst dks nks"kh Bgjk;k tkrk gS ysfdu bl elys ij ckj dks dkjZokbZ djuh pkfg,A**

'kiFk xzg.k ds ckn ehfM;k ls eq[kkfrc U;k;k/kh'k yks< k us U;k;ikfydk ls tqM h leL;kvksa ij viuh csckd jk; j[krs gq, dgk fd og lHkh dk;Z tks lekt ds fy, Lohdk;Z ugha gS os U;k;ikfydk ds fy, Hkh vPNs ugha gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd 'kkjhfjd mRihM u dh f'kdk;rksa ls fuiVus ds fy, O;kid ra= dk xBu fd;k x;k gS ftls etcwrh ls viuk dke djuk pkfg,A
vius iwoZorhZ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ih-lFkkf'koe ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds dk;Zdky dks de ls de nks lky fu/kkZfjr djus dh jk; ls orZeku eq[; U;k;k/kh'k bÙkQkd ugha j[krsA blls vyx fopkj O;Dr djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk ^^bl eqn~ns ij esjh jk; FkksM h vyx gSA ;g laLFkku vuq'kklu ds rgr dk;Z djrk gSA ,sls esa dk;Zdky dh fu/kkZfjr vof/k vxys lnL; dks izHkkfor djsxhA ;fn dk;Zdky r; casino online le; dk gksxk rks phQ tfLVl ls vU; ttksa dh vis{kk,a c< tk,axhA vkerkSj ij lqizhe dksVZ ds ttksa dk dk;Zdky pkj lky ls de gh jgrk gS ,sls esa phQ tfLVl ds dk;Zdky dh vof/k nks lky fu/kkZfjr djus ds fy, vki dSls lksp ldrs gSa\ esjh izkFkfedrk lqizhe dksVZ vkSj gkbZdksVZ esa ttksa dh fu;qfDr gksxhA esjk ea= gS vPNs tt gksaxs rks vxys lkr&vkB o"kksZa esa U;k;ikfydk iwjh rjg fu[kj tk;sxhA eSa ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa ikjnf'kZrk dks c< kuk vkSj o`gn Lrj ij ijke'kZ djuk pkgrk gw¡A ;g Once we receive your transmission, we make our school-delays.com effort to ensure its security on our systems. ijke'kZ dksysft;e ds ckgj nks&rhu ttksa vkSj nks&rhu LoPN Nfo okys odhyksa ls fd;k tkuk pkfg,A**
viuh ckr dks Li"V djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd o`gn ijke'kZ dk vFkZ ;g ugha gS fd og dksysft;e O;oLFkk o ttst dh fu;qfDr esa dksbZ u;k vf/kdkj vkjf{kr dj jgs gSa ;g ijke'kZ ek= vfrfjDr lwpuk ,df=r djus ds fy, gksxkA
U;k;ikfydk ds vU; laoS/kkfud vaxksa ¼fo/kkf;dk online casino o dk;Zikfydkas½ ls Vdjko ds eqn~ns ij eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dk ekuuk gS fd ;fn lHkh vius nk;js esa jgdj dk;Z djsa rks bldh ukScr ugha vk;sxh D;ksafd lafo/kku us rhuksa dh 'kfDr;ksa dk foHkktu dj j[kk gSA
U;k;ky; 365 fnu dk;Z djsa
ijh{k.k vnkyr ls ysdj mPpre U;k;ky; rd esa yafcr oknksa ds vackj dks ns[krs gq, eq[; U;k;k/kh'k yks< k us vnkyrksa ds lky ds 365 fnu dk;Z djus dh ckr dgh gS ftl ij jk"Vªh; cgl dh vko';drk gS D;ksafd vcrd eq[; U;k;k/kh'k cuus okys lHkh U;k;ewfrZ;ksa us yafcr oknksa ds <sj ij ckr rks cgqr dh gS ysfdu urhtk flQj gh jgk gSA
eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us dslst dh is.MsUlh ds fy, dbZ dkj.k crk;s ftuesa buÝkLVªDpj dh deh] ,MtkuZesaUV] tula[;k ds vuqikr esa ttst dh deh ds lkFk&lkFk ;g Hkh gS fd ns'k ds 18 jkT;ksa }kjk ,d izfr'kr ls Hkh de ctV U;k;ikfydk ij [kpZ fd;k tkrk gSA
viuh ckr dks vk/kkj nsrs gq, eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us dgk orZeku esa mPpre U;k;ky; 193 fnu ,oa mPp U;k;ky; 210 fnu ,oa v/khuLFk U;k;ky; 245 fnu izfr o"kZ dk;Z djrs gSaA mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij mUgksaus dgk eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dks feykdj mPpre U;k;ky; esa ttst dh la[;k 31 gSA vkSlru 14&15 ihB dslst lqurh gSaA
"If we make this new arrangement for 365 days, it is possible that we might have 10 benches sitting every day thourgh out the year" bl fygkt ls ns[kk tk; rks ;fn 15 ihBs 193 fnu lquokbZ djrh gS rks ;g 2895 ihB dk;Z curk gS vkSj tc 10 ihBsa 365 fnu lquokbZ djsxha rks ;g 3650 ihB dk;Z djsxk tks yxHkx 26 izfr'kr vf/kd gksxkA
eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us vkxs dgk "It is feasible and I am quite hopeful of this working out without increasing the existing workload on judges, who are overburdend. Judiciary over the years has become an essential service provider like hospitals and electricity or water department. These departments function 365 days a year. Then why not the judiciary?" blls u flQZ is.MsUlh de djus esa enn feysxh cfYd blls ;qok vf/koDrkvksa dks dke djus dk vf/kd ekSdk Hkh feysxk ftlls os fuiq.krk gkfly djsaxsA
u;s eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us ns'k dh u;h cuus okyh ljdkj ls vis{kk djrs gq, iap ea= viukus dh ckr dh ;s iap ea= gSa "Simplification of procedure, change in mindset of advocates and judges, quality legal education promoting judiciary as a career among law graduates and augmentation of infrastructure." vkSj vkxs dgk "Judiciary should be on one of the priorites of the government."

Last Updated on Sunday, 24 January 2016 06:59

फोरम शाॅपिंग (बेंच हंटिग) न्याय में अवरोध

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lekt ds lcls izfrf"Br is'ks odkyr esa Bsdsnkjh ¼vkMZj dh xkajVh½ ds c< rs pyu ls] ftlds fy, odhy ls T;knk DykbaV ftEesnkj gS ¼D;ksafd og vius dsl dh esfjV ls igys odhy ls loky iwNrk gS vkidh lsfVax gS fd ugha½ us ,d u;h ck/kk U;k; ds jkLrs esa [kM h djuh 'kq# dj nh gS mls Qksje 'kkWfiax@csap gafVx] csap izsQjsal dh laKk nh x;hA ;g Ýst vHkh cgqr pyu esa rks ugha vk;k gS ysfdu mPpre U;k;ky; ds dqN fu.kZ;ksa ls bldk izknqHkkZo gqvk gS rFkk vc ehfM;k dh gsMykbal Hkh cuus yxk gSA

euekfQd csap esa vius dsl dh lquokbZ djokus ;k fdlh csap esa lquokbZ ls cpus ds fy, tks izfØ;k viuk;h tkrh gS ml gh Qksje 'kkWfiax@csap gsfVx@csap izsQjsal dgk tkrk gSA vHkh gky esa nks ekeyksa esa] mPPre U;k;ky; esa lgkjk ds dsl esa rFkk bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; esa v#.k dqekj feJk ds ;w-ih-,l-vkbZ-Mh-lh- esa fu;qfDr ds ekeys es nk;j ;kfpdk dks nwljh csap esa LFkkukrfjr djus dk ekeyk lqf[k;ksZa es vk;k gSA

lqczrjk; dsl dh lquokbZ dj jgh  jsxqyj csap ls tc eupkgk vkMZj feyus esa ck/kk fn[kkbZ nh rks muds ns'k ds tkus ekus odhy us fgjklr dks xSj dkuwuh crkrs gq, lquokbZ tYnh djus gsrq ekuuh; eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ih- lrf'koe ls xqgkj yxk;h fdUrq eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us ;kfpdk ij Lo;a lquokbZ djus ds ctk; mls mlh csap ¼U;k;ewfrZ ds-,l- jk/kkd`".ku o U;k;ewfrZ ts-,l- [ksgj½ dh ihB ds le{k gh lquokbZ ds fy, Hkst fn;k ftlus lgkjk ds rhuks funs'kdksa dks tsy Hkstk gS rc lgkjk ds odhy lkgcku us ekeys dh lquokbZ gsrq o`gn ihB dks Hkstus dk vkxzg djrs gq, dgk fd mlh ihB ds lquokbZ djus ls gks ldrk gS ekuuh; U;k;kewfrZ;ksa dks vPNk u yxs] D;ksa fd mUgha ds vkns'k ds fo#) cgl gksxh tks ihB dks cqjk yx ldrk gSA lgkjk ds LekVZ odhyksa dh nyhysa lquus ds ckn ihB us ;kpuk Bqdjkrs gq, vxys fnu lquokbZ r; djrs gq, dgk fd os igys ns[ksaxs fd mUgsa lquokbZ djus esa cqjk yxrk gS ;k ughaA vxys fnu fgjklr dks xSj dkuwuh crkus okyh ;kfpdk ij lquokbZ 'kq# djrs gq, ¼U;k;ewfrZ jk/kk d`".ku ,oa U;k;ewfrZ ts-,l- [ksgj½ lgkjk ds tkus ekus LekVZ ,MoksdsV ls dgk fd mUgksaus ;kfpdk ns[k yh gS mUgsa bl ij lquokbZ djus esa cqjk ugha yxsxk vki yksx ;kfpdk ij cgl dj ldrs gSa vkSj bl rjg mudk viuk eqdnek nwljh csap esa LFkkukUrfjr djkus dk iz;kl foQy gks x;k ysfdu blesa dksVZ dk cgqewY; le; u"V gqvkA

bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; dh bykgkckn ihB esa vfuy dqekj oekZ cuke mÙkj izns'k jkT; vkS|ksfxd fodkl fuxe fyfeVsM ,oa vU; dh ;kfpdk] ftlesa v#.k dqekj feJk dh fu;qfDr dks pqukSrh nh x;h gS rFkk lquokbZ ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ v#.k VaMu ,oa U;k;ewfrZ vjfoUn dqekj feJ ¼izFke½ dh ihB dj jgh gS ls dsl nwljh ihB esa lquokbZ gsrq LFkkukUrfjr djus dk izkFkZuk i= ekuuh; eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds le{k iz'kklfud vkns'k gsrq ofj"B vf/koDrk 'kkafrHkw"k.k }kjk Lo;a gLrk{kfjr djds izLrqr fd;k x;kA

ekuuh; eq[; U;k;k/kh'k MkW- Mh-okbZ pUnzpwM us ;kfpdk ds i{kksa ds vf/koDrkvksa dks lquokbZ dk volj nsrs gq, egRoiw.kZ vkns'k ikfjr fd;kA eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us vius vkns'k esa fy[kk& On 29 January 2014, the Division Bench noted that the High School mark sheet together with a copy of the High School examination certificate was produced. Learned Standing Counsel was directed to produce the original cross list of the High School examination of 1976 with reference to the roll number, while the counsel for Awadh University was directed to ensure the production of the cross list of the B. Tech examination for 1983. The hearing was posted to 5 February 2014.

3. The proceedings came up before the Division Bench on 5 February 2014 when the Court noted certain discrepancies between the cross list of the High School examination and the mark sheet. The petitioner was permitted to serve the third respondent by 7 February 2014 and the hearing was directed to stand over to 10 February 2014. On 13 February 2014, appearance was entered on behalf of the third respondent by Mr. Shishir Prakash, Advocate who was to appear with Mr. R.B. Singhal, Senior Advocate. On 12 February 2014, an application for transfer of the proceedings filed on behalf of the third respondent on the administrative side was placed before me. The following order of rejection was passed on 12 February 2014:

“The application is thoroughly improper and lacking in substance. Such uncalled for aspersions against the Bench must be deprecated.
Rejected.

Sd/-
(Chief Justice)
12.2.2014”

........ The third respondent filed a short counter affidavit upon being served and specifically requested the Division Bench to summon certain additional records. The relevant part of the short counter affidavit of the third respondent reads as follows:

“That in the facts and circumstances of the case in the interest of justice Hon'ble Court may be pleased to direct High School and Intermediate Boardto produce order directing for enquiry relating to examinee bearing roll number 511719 of High School examination 1976, copy of the letter-patrank : go-3-rkc/932 dated 30.07.1976, enquiry report submitted by the enquiry committee and order of the correction dated 25.8.1976 by letter go (2)1128 before this Hon'ble Court and the District Inspector of Schools, Kanpur Nagar may also be directed to seize relevant record such as class 9th examination result of 1975 of Sri Gandhi Vidya Peeth Inter College, Ghatampur, Kanpur, the relevant scholar register, transfer certificate form book and the register maintained for relevant information relating to the students from Sri Gandhi Vidya Peeth Inter College, Ghatampur, Kanpur and produce the same in sealed cover before this Hon'ble Court.”

....... The application filed by the third respondent was allowed in part by the Division Bench by an order dated 3 March 2014 with the following observations:

“Two applications have been filed on behalf of Arun Kumar Mishra. One along with short counter affidavit and the other seeking impleadment. So far as the application filed along with short counter affidavit is concerned, we at this stage deem it appropriate to direct the Board of High School and Intermediate through its Secretary to ensure production of letter Patrank: go- 030rkc/932 dated 30.07.1976, enquiry report submitted by the enquiry committee and the order of correction dated 25.08.1976 by letter go-030 (3) 1128 qua the candidate with Roll No.511719 of High School Examination 1976.

So far as the impleadment application is concerned, we at this stage do not find it necessary to implead either Kamla Nehru Institute of Technology, Sultanpur or Gandhi Vidhyapeeth Inter College. However since Kamla Nehru Institute of Technology, Sultanpur as on date is an autonomous college of the U.P. Technical University, Lucknow and was earlier an autonomous college to Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Awadh University, Faizabad, we direct the  Vice Chancellors of both Universities to ensure that all original records pertaining to admission of Arun Kumar Mishra in B. Tech. degree course at Kamla Nehru Institute of Technology, Sultanpur, tabulation sheet of each year of examination along with other certificates which may have been issued by the college are produced before this Court on 10.03.2014 in original.”

6. Against the order of the Division Bench dated 3 March 2014, a Special Leave Petition was filed before the Supreme Court. While disposing of the Special Leave Petition, the Supreme Court, in its order dated 10 March 2014, specifically held that the summoning of the additional record which was considered relevant was wholly innocuous and as harmless as was the summoning of the record of the two Universities. The Supreme Court observed as follows:

“The High Court has no doubt noticed the application filed by the petitioner but given no reasons why the record sought to be summoned thereby, is not relevant to the question that falls for determination before it. Be that as it may summoning of some additional record considered relevant is wholly innocuous and as harmless as summoning of the record from the two Universities. We therefore see no reason why the entire record, referred to in the prayer made in the application, mentioned above, should not also be summoned from those in custody thereof, for perusal by the High Court. We accordingly direct summoning of the said record also, no matter without issuing any notice to the respondents in this petition, for we are of the opinion that any such notice will result in the unnecessary delay and procrastination.”

The Supreme Court also observed that the High Court was justified in curbing dilatory tactics that may be adopted by any party to the proceedings and in preventing unnecessary delay:

“We make it clear that even the High Court shall be free and indeed justified in preventing any unnecessary delay or dilatory tactics by curbing any such attempt suitably, should it be of the view that any one of the parties is trying to delay the proceedings unnecessarily.”

blds i'pkr 10 ekpZ 2014 dks rhljs izfroknh ¼v#.k dqekj feJk½ us ofj"B vf/koDrk ds ek/;e ls lquokbZ dj jgh ihB ds fizlkbfMax tt ls vius vkidks lquokbZ ls fjD;wt djus dh ;kpuk dh ftldks csap us lquokbZ gsrq 20 ekpZ 2014 dh frfFk fu;r dhA Kkr gks fd 10 ekpZ 2014 dks ihB us r`rh; izfroknh ds vf/koDrk dh mifLFkfr esa ;wfuoflZVh }kjk miyC/k djk;s x;s Vscqys'ku jftLVj dk ijh{k.k dj fy;k FkkA

blds ckn 13 ekpZ 2014 dks ,d ckj iqu% fMohtu casp }kjk 10 ekpZ 2014 dks ikl fd;s x;s vkns'k dks mPpre U;k;ky; esa pqukSrh nh ftlesa mlus 14 ekpZ 2014 dks fjdkMZ eaxk;k FkkA

eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us vius vkns'k esa fy[kk& when the Special Leave Petition against the order of the Division Bench dated 13 March 2014 came up, the Supreme Court held that there was no reason to interfere and the Special Leave Petition was accordingly dismissed. The Supreme Court declined to accede to the request of the third respondent and issue a direction for the transfer of the matter from the Bench which was currently hearing the proceedings before this Court. However, the third respondent was permitted to move an application on the administrative side before the Chief Justice of this Court for appropriate orders on the subject. The Supreme Court observed thus:

“...The petitioner may if so advised move the Hon''ble Chief Justice of the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad on the administrative side for appropriate orders on the subject in which event the Hon'ble Chief Justice shall be free to examine whether there is any real apprehension of miscarriage of justice or the grievance is only an attempt at forum shopping.”

........ 9. Learned Senior Counsel appearing on behalf of the third respondent submits that he has a reasonable apprehension on the basis of the orders which have been passed and hence proceedings should be transferred from the Division Bench which is currently hearing the case to any other Bench of this Court. Learned Senior Counsel submitted that the counsel  appearing on behalf of the petitioner may make it clear as to whether he is opposing the application for transfer and if he is opposing the application, that in itself is a circumstance online casino which would cast doubt on the fairness of the proceedings before the Division Bench. Learned Senior Counsel further submitted that the orders which have been passed by the Division Bench create a reasonable apprehension in regard to the fairness of the proceedings since the Judges have taken upon themselves the role of an investigating agency, calling for the records pertaining to the third respondent from the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, the University and the service records. Learned Senior Counsel submitted that there was no reason or justification for the Division Bench to (i) entertain a writ petition seeking a writ of quo warranto against the appointment of the third respondent in the UPSIDC which has been made in 1986; (ii) make a reference to the cross list of the Board of High School and Intermediate Education 2013/ 2421/DAC/CTL - Tabella A) - Ripartizione dei prezzi di vendita al pubblico delle sigarette a decorrere dal 1° marzo 201325-02-2013 - giochi di casino a distanza - giochi di casino d'abilità, carte, sorte a quota fissa Conto giudiziale delle riscossioni e dei versamenti da rendere dai Concessionari pubblici - ulteriori chiarimenti25-02-2013 - Lotterie Istantanee Decreto dirigenziale Prot. in the order dated 29 January 2014; (iii) overlook in the order dated 5 February 2014 that the overwriting in the name of the third respondent is on the letter “jk” and not “uk”; (iv) directing that the application for recusal would be considered on 13 March 2014 when the writ petition was to come up for hearing; (v) directing the personal presence of the Vice casino online Chancellor in the event the records were not produced before the Court. 10. In assessing whether a case for transfer of the proceedings has been made out, it would, at the outset, be appropriate to advert to the locus classicus on the subject which is a judgment of Hon'ble Mr. Justice M. Hidayatullah (as the learned Chief Justice then was) in Gurcharan Das Chadha Vs. State of Rajasthan1:

“The law with regard to transfer of cases is wellsettled. A case is transferred if there is a reasonable apprehension on the part of a party to a case that justice will not be done. A petitioner is not required to demonstrate that justice will inevitably fail. He is entitled to a transfer if he shows circumstances from which it can be inferred that he entertains an apprehension and that it is reasonable in the circumstances alleged. It is one of the principles of the administration of justice that justice should not only be done but it should be seen to be done. However, a mere allegation that there is apprehension that justice will not be done in a given case does not suffice. The Court has further to see whether the apprehension is reasonable or not. To judge the reasonableness of the apprehension the state of the mind of the person who entertains the apprehension is no doubt relevant but that is not all. The apprehension must not only be entertained but must appear to the Court to be a reasonable apprehension.”

...... This, in my view, is of the utmost importance and is of the essence. Whether a case should be transferred from a Bench which is hearing it is not a matter of the subjective assessment of a litigant. If it were to be so, it would be all too easy for a litigant to escape from justice by merely casting an aspersion on a Judge hearing the case. The test can never be : 'why should the case not be transferred when there are so many other judges of the Court to whom the case can be assigned'. Justice undoubtedly has to be done and must be seen to be done. But equally, a litigant cannot have the choice of the judge who should hear a case, or avoid a court which is conducting a searching analysis. Judges who hear cases may follow various paths in the conduct of the proceedings but all of them ultimately are designed to ensure that the truth emerges before the Court. A litigant cannot be heard to say that a Judge who is pursuing a line of enquiry to unravel the truth should recuse herself. The pursuit of justice cannot be made a ground for avoiding a Court. If this were to be permitted, justice and the institutional credibility of Courts of justice would be in grave peril.

12. These sentiments have been placed, in no uncertain terms, in the judgment of the Supreme Court in Jawant Singh Vs. Virender Singh2 thus:

“It is most unbefitting for an advocate to make imputations against the Judge only because he does not get the expected result, which according to him is the fair and reasonable result available to him. Judges cannot be intimidated to seek favourable orders....”

In a subsequent decision in Chetak Construction Ltd. Vs. Om Prakash & Ors.3, the Supreme Court while adverting to these observations held thus:

“Indeed, no lawyer or litigant can be permitted to browbeat the court or malign the presiding officer with a view to get a favourable order. Judges shall not be able to perform their duties freely and fairly if such activities were permitted and in the result administration of justice would become a casualty and rule of law would receive a setback. The Judges are obliged to decide cases impartially and without any fear or favour. Lawyers and litigants cannot be allowed to “terrorize” or “intimidate” Judges with a view to “secure” orders which they want. This is basic and fundamental and no civilised system of administration of justice can permit it. We certainly, cannot approve of any attempt on the part of any litigant to go “forum-shopping”. A litigant cannot be permitted “choice” of the “forum” and every attempt at “forumshopping” must be crushed with a heavy hand.”

In R.K. Anand Vs. Registrar, Delhi High Court4, the Supreme Court made certain observations which, though in the context of a recusal, are of significance:

“In the order the Judge concerned further observed:

“The path of recusal is very often a convenient and a soft option. This is especially so since a Judge really has no vested interest in doing a particular matter. However, the oath of office taken under Article 219 of the Constitution of India enjoins the Judge to duly and faithfully and to the best of his knowledge and judgment, perform the duties of office without fear or favour, affection or ill will while upholding the Constitution and the laws. In a case, where unfounded and motivated allegations of bias are sought to be made with a view of forum hunting / Bench preference or brow-beating the court, then, succumbing to such a pressure would tantamount to not fulfilling the oath of office.

The above passage, in our view, correctly sums up what should be the court's response in the face of a request for recusal made with the intent to intimidate the court or to get better of an “inconvenient” Judge or to obfuscate the issues or to cause obstruction and delay the proceedings or in any other way frustrate or obstruct the course of justice.

We are constrained to pause here for a moment and to express grave concern over the fact that lately such tendencies and practices are on the increase. We have come across instances where one would simply throw a stone on a Judge (who is quite defenceless in such matters!) and later on cite the gratuitous attack as a ground to ask the Judge to recuse himself from hearing a case in which he would be appearing. Such conduct is bound to cause deep hurt to the Judge concerned but what is of far greater importance is that it defies the very fundamentals of administration of justice. A motivated application for recusal, therefore, needs to be dealt withsternly and should be viewed ordinarily as interference in the due course of justice leading to penal consequences.”

blds igys Hkh rhljs izfri{kh esa VªkalQj ,Iyhds'ku Qkby dh Fkh ftls eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us [kkfjt dj fn;k FkkA eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us vkxs fy[kk&

.... The orders passed by the Division Bench would indicate that proceedings have been conducted in a transparent manner. Significantly, it was the Third Respondent who in his counter affidavit sought that certain records including of the Board of High School & Intermediate Education should be summoned. This was allowed in part on 3 March 2014. The Supreme Court allowed the summoning of the entire record on 10 March 2014. The Third Respondent cannot have a reasonable apprehension on the summoning and examination of records by the Division Bench. Moreover, the Supreme Court in the order dated 10 March 2014 has also emphasised that the High Court would be justified in preventing unnecessary delay or dilatory tactics by curbing any such attempt suitably. Much of the effort of Learned Senior Counsel is on the correctness of the orders. This is not an appeal. The ambit of the application is whether there is a reasonable apprehension on the basis of which a transfer is sought. There is none. In my view, Judges of the Court are entitled to follow a line of enquiry dispassionately and objectively with a view to reaching the truth of a matter. That may not suit a litigant but that is no ground for transferring the proceedings. The third respondent is making an effort to avoid a Court which is hearing the case. Interim orders of the Court may pose uncomfortable questions to litigants but that is no ground for the Chief Justice to exercise the administrative power to transfer the proceedings. The apprehension which has been expressed in the present case is clearly not reasonable, as explained in the law laid down by the Supreme Court.

14. For these reasons, there is no merit in the application moved on the administrative side for transfer of the above petition to another Bench. The application shall, accordingly, stand rejected.

,slk ugha gS fd ;g izfØ;k vHkh 'kq# gqbZ gS igys Hkh dbZ ,sls rjhds viuk, x;s tSls fd ,sls odhy dk odkyr ukek Qkby djk fn;k tks ml csap ds vkxs 'Not Before' gSA blds igys Hkh dkaxzsl ds  usrk d`ik 'kadj flag ds ekeys esa lquokbZ ds le; mPpre U;k;ky; ds U;k;ewfrZ Mh-ds- tSu o U;k;ewfrZ ,-vkj- nos dh ihB us Qksje 'kkfiax ij vizlUurk O;Dr dj pqdh gSaA ihB us muds vf/koDrk ls Li"V dgk Fkk ^^csap gsfVx dh dksf'k'kksa dks jksdus dh ofj"B odhy dh crkSj dksVZ vf/kdkjh ds :i esa Hkh ftEesnkjh gS**A
bu izdk.kksa dk fo'ys"k.k djus ij ,d ofj"B vf/koDrk }kjk vkMZj ikus ds fy, dgh ,d ckr ;kn vkrh gS ^^igys QSDV gSej djks dke u cus rks ykW gSej djks mlls Hkh u gks rks Mk;l gSej djks vkSj rc Hkh lQyrk u feys rks ihBlhu dks Iyht djks vkSj ;fn ;g Hkh foQy gks rks mls ,D;wt djds viuk dsl mlds ikl ls gVok yks**

oSls ;g Hkh loZfofnr gS fd vf/kdka'k oknh mPp U;k;ky;ksa ,oa mPpre U;k;ky; esa csap ds fglkc ls odhy fu;qDr djus dk iz;kl djrs gSa bldk izek.k gS fd dqN odhyksa dh Qkbfyax dqN [kkl csapt esa gh gksrh gSA U;k; ikfydk dk lEeku o xfjek cpkus ds fy, vko';d gS fd Qksje 'kkfiax@csap gkfVax@ csap izsQjsUl dks jkdus ds fy, dkjxj dne mBk;k tk;sA

Last Updated on Monday, 01 June 2015 14:03

मुख्य न्यायाधीश इलाहाबाद उच्च न्यायालय

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iwr ds ikao ikyus esa fn[k tkrs gSa ;s eqgkojk bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k MkW- tfLVl /kuUt; ;'koUr pUnzpwM ij fcYdqy fQV cSBrk gSA ns'k ds lcls cM s fdUrq leL;kxzLr izns'k ds lcls cM s mPp U;k;ky; dk eq[; U;k;k/kh'k cuus ds ckn mUgksaus ftl izdkj ds O;ogkj] dk;Z'kSyh dk ifjp; fn;k gS og muds mnkj ân;] lqfu;ksftr fopkj] ekufld n`< rk vkSj U;k; dh vo/kkj.kk dks iwjk djus ds fy, ladfYir gksus dk ifjpk;d gSA
ifjikVh ds vuqlkj muds ;gka vkus ds ckn Lokxr dk tks flyflyk 'kq# gqvk mlds lEcks/kuksa esa tks fouezrk >ydh mlus mudks bl vYi vof/k esa ¼fufgr LokfFkZ;ksa dks NksM dj½ lHkh oxksZa] ;Fkk vf/koDrk] U;k;ewfrZ] U;kf;d vf/kdkjh] fof/kf'k{kdksa] fof/k ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa leku:i ls yksdfiz; cuk;kA v/khuLFk U;k;ky; ds U;kf;d vf/kdkfj;ksa ds }kjk vk;ksftr lekjksg esa ;g dguk fd viuh leL;k vki lh/ks gesa crk,a ysfdu Integrity ij ge dksbZ le>kSrk ugha djsaxs ,d lq[kn psrkouh gS rFkk vf/koDrkvksa] ckj ,lksfl;s'kuksa }kjk vk;ksftr lekjksgksa esa twfu;j ,MokdsV~l dks lquokbZ ds nkSjku vf/kd le; nsus dk ckr dguk u;h ih< h dks izksRlkgu gS&

"I must tell from bottom of my heart that the greatest satisfaction which I have had as a Judge were those simple cases where a pension has been denied, where a widow has not been provided for rehabilitation in a slum demolition scheme, where a seniority of the teacher in a primary school has not been fixed. Those are ultimately the cases which give greatest satisfaction to a Judge, because in the balance sheet of life, and at some time we all have to confront the balance sheet of life, online casino I think that is what counts in the end in respect of what we have done. ..

..But in the effort to run through the docket, you must not do injustice to the little case which is before you on that particular occasion. ...

....But we also know that while there can be no guarantee of result lawyers are accountable to their clients. And one of the greatest sources of accountability to the client is that he be told that the case will be heard on the appointed day; that you will not have to go home disappointed; that you will not have to catch casinotions.com the public transport again and again for a case not to be heard. I feel that it is important for us to bring a sense of professionalism into our institution so that we value not only our time as Judges, we value not only time of lawyers, but we also value the time of our litigants, the Farmers, who come knocking the doors of our Courts. We have to be deeply conscious of the fact that the day lost to them in the transport to the Court is a day valuably lost in the pursuit of their humble avocation. ..

---I believe Michelle Moston, deputy head of the fraud and integrity team at the driving record Standards Agency (DSA), said: "This case clearly demonstrates the reason why anyone who is paying for driving tuition must ensure that their instructor is an Approved driving record Instructor (ADI). that authority is to be something which is to be respected by others, authority is not something which is to be commanded by the person who is the holder of the public office of trust. Judges and members of the Bars exist for litigants."

egkf/koDrk vkSj ckj ds v/;{k }kjk bafxr djus ij ttksa ds fu;qDr ij ;g dguk fd "---that was something which I addressed as a Senior Judge of the Bombay High Court in the collegium and we tried to bring into the Bombay High Court a sense of inclusion, a sense of diversity; underlining at the same time that merit and merit alone must be the overall criterian for selection to the Bench.

dksVZ :e esa ;kfpdkvksa dh lquokbZ ds nkSjku dqN leL;k mRiknd vf/koDrkvksa (difficult lawyers) us tc muds /kS;Z] fouezrk dh ijh{kk ysus dk iz;kl fd;k rks mUgksaus O;ogkjxr fouezrk ,oa la;e dk ifjp; nsus ds lkFk&lkFk viuh ekufld n`< rk dk ifjp; nsus ds fy,] bl laLFkk dh xfjek o lEeku dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, tks fu.kZ; fn;k og ;g crkus ds fy, i;kZIr gS fd fouezrk o la;e dks mudh detksjh u le>k tk;A

eq[; U;k;k/kh'k cgqeq[kh izfrHkk o cgqvk;keh O;fDrRo ds /kuh gSaA lsaV LVhQsu dkyst fnYyh ls Lukrd gksdj fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; ls ,y,y-ch- dh rFkk fo'o izfl) gkoZM fo'ofo|ky; ls ,y,y-,e- djus ds ckn blh fo'ofo|ky; ls Juridicial Sciences (S.J.D.) ls Ph.D. dh mikf/k xzg.k dhA odkyr ds flfoy i{k esa egkjkr gkfly djus ds i'pkr Hkkjr ljdkj us 1998 esa ,fM'kuy lksfyflVj tujy fu;qDr fd;kA 29 ekpZ 2000 dks ckEcs mPp U;k;ky; esa ,fM'kuy tt fu;qDr gksus ds ckn vius nkf;Ro dk fuoZgu dq'kyrk iwoZd dj jgs gSaA fu.kZ;ksa dk Li"V ,oa Øec) ys[ku vkidh fo'ks"krk gS ftldks i< us vkSj le>us esa vkuUn dh vuqHkwfr gksrh gSA

Last Updated on Friday, 20 March 2015 01:45

राजनीतिक शुद्धीकरण की ध्वजवाहक बनी

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orZeku esa fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk ls fujk'k gks pqdh turk dks U;k;ikfydk dk gh lgkjk cpk FkkA vketu dh vk'kk,a vnkyrksa ij vkdj fVd x;h Fkha fd vc 'kk;n ;gha ls dksbZ jkLrk fudysA ge viuh vnkyrksa ds 'kqØxqtkj gSa fd bUgksaus yksdra= esa tuvkLFkk o tufo'okl dks cpk;s j[kus dk cgqr gh iq.; dk;Z djrs gq, gj rjg ls dyafdr gks pqdh jktuhfr ds 'kq)hdj.k dh /otokgd cu x;h gSA ;g dk;Z bruk vklku ugha gS vkSj vnkyrsa ,slk djus ls ckt vk;as jktuhfrd nyksa us bldh gj lEHko dksf'k'k Hkh dh] ysfdu bu vnkyrksa us Hkz"V usrkvksa@vQljksa dks ;g ladsr rks ns gh fn;k fd vxj os Hkz"Vkpkj@xyr dk;Z dkuwu fo#) tk dj djsaxs rks ,d u ,d fnu mudks mldk [kkfe;ktk Hkqxruk gh iM sxkA jktuhfr esa vijkf/k;ksa ds vadq'k ij QSlys dk vlj Hkh fn[kus yxk gSA ns'k dh izeq[k jk"Vªh; ikVhZ Hkktik us vius fVdVkfFkZ;ksa ls l'kiFk vijk/k dk C;ksjk ekaxuk 'kq# djrs gq, ,d Tokfuax desVh cuk;h gS tks ikVhZ dh lnL;rk xzg.k djus okyksa dh Nkuchu djsxhA

U;k;f;d ra= ls xgjs tqM s dkuwu ea=h us tks bl ljdkj esa ea=h cuus ls igys odkyr gh djrs Fks] vHkh gky esa ,d lk{kkRdkj esa iqu% laoS/kkfud laLFkkvksa fo'ks"kdj U;k;ikfydk dks mldh y{e.k js[kk ;kn fnykrs gq, dgk ^^U;k;ikfydk vkSj dSx us eku fy;k gS fd iwjh ljdkj vkSj jktuhfr gh Hkz"V gSA ,slk dj bu laoS/kkfud vaxks us ns'k ij izgkj fd;k gSA** blds igys Hkh mUgksaus dgk Fkk ^^U;k;ikfydk ukle> gS os le>rs gh ugha fd ljdkj dSls viuh uhfr;ksa ds }kjk mn~ns';ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, dk;Z djrh gSA**

fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk }kjk ckj&ckj U;k;ikfydk dks y{e.k js[kk dh ckr ;kn fnyk;h tkrh gS ysfdu ,slk djus okyksa dks 'kk;n ;g ckr u ekywe gks fd y{e.k us js[kk [khaph D;ksa Fkh] mldk mn~ns'; online casino canada D;k Fkk vkSj lhrk us mldks yka?kh D;ksa Fkh] mudh etcwjh D;k Fkh\ lanHkZ ds fy, crk nwa] lhrk dh j{kk ds fy, y{e.k us js[kk [khaph Fkh vkSj ;g O;oLFkk dh Fkh fd T;ksa gh nq"VkRek ml vkjf{kr {ks= esa izos'k djsxh Hk"e gks tk;sxh] jkou bl lqj{kk dop dks Hksnus esa vleFkZ Fkk blfy, mlus lk/kw dk Nn~e os'k /kkj.k fd;k vkSj fHk{kk ekaxus vk;k rc lhrk us ,d lk/kw ds lEeku ,oa ijksidkjh Hkkouk ds dkj.k viuh lqj{kk dh fpUrk R;kx dj ,d Hkw[ks lk/kw dks Hkkstu ds fy, viuh y{e.k js[kk yka?kh Fkh u fd vius fdlh LokFkZ ds fy,A oSls rks vHkh rd U;k;ikfydk us viuh gh 'kfDr dk iwjk mi;ksx ugha fd;k gS ijUrq ;fn U;k;ikfydk tufgr] jk"Vªfgr esa viuh y{e.k js[kk yka?krh Hkh gS rks ;g yksdra= ds fgr There’s no published evidence to suggest that hair follicle drug test treatments, kits or rituals have any effect on our body’s ability to eliminate waste products effectively. esa gksxkA U;k;ikfydk dh tokcnsgh u fo/kkfd;k ds izfr gS u gh dk;Zikfydk ds izfr mldh tokcnsgh lafo/kku] jk"Vª o turk ds izfr gSA

pquko yksdra= dh vkRek gS vkSj vkRek ftruh 'kq) ifjLd`r gksxh mldk dk;Z mruk gh ikjn'khZ o dY;k.kdkjh gksxkA tks dke fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk dks djuk 2844669802915}},"postid":null,"url":null,"html":"Holland beste casinos Scheveningen, Kurhausweg 12587 RT Den Haag, NederlandDirections to  Zoom"},{"address":"Strandweg 149, 2586 JM Den Haag, Nederland","body":"2586 JM Den Haag, Nederland","correctedAddress":"Strandweg 149, 2586 JM Den Haag, Nederland","iconid":null,"point":{"lat":52. pkfg, Fkk mlus ugha fd;kA mlds u djus ds ihNs mldk LokFkZ fNik gS rks etcwjh esa og dke U;k;ikfydk dks djuk iM kA mPpre U;k;ky; rFkk mPp U;k;ky;ksa ds QSlys ls v/khuLFk U;k;ky;ksa dh fgEer Hkh c< h gSA ftlls yksdra= dks etcwr] ikjn'khZ vkSj bZekunkj cuk;s tkus dh ,d 'kq#vkr gqbZ gS rFkk ljdkj lfgr jktuhfrd nyksa dks ;g vglkl djk;k gS fd lafo/kku] dkuwu o U;k;ikfydk ls Åij dksbZ ughaA

U;k;ikfydk ^lkS lqukj dh ,d yksgkj dh* rtZ ij dk;Z djrh gSA lanHkZ ds fy, crk nwa Jherh bafnjk xka/kh dks caxykns'k fot; ds ckn tc 1971 esa izp.M cgqer feyk rks mUgksaus vius vkidks lafo/kku] dkuwu] U;k;ikfydk lcls ijs ekurs gq, 'I am state and my order is law' ds vk/kkj ij dk;Z djus yxh vkSj ns'k esa t#jr u gksrs gq, Hkh vkikrdky dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh Fkh bl ?kks"k.kk dk vk/kkj bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; dk ,d QSlyk gh Fkk ysfdu blds ckn bafnjk xka/kh dk D;k gky gqvk Fkk lcdks ekywe gSA

bygkckn mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;ewfrZ txeksgu yky flUgk ds QSlys us ns'k dh jktuhfr cny nh FkhA Hkz"V] LokFkhZ] nkxh usrkvksa ij vnkyrksa dk pkcqd u;k ugha gSA jkg ls HkVd jgh jktuhfr dks lgh jkLrs ij ykus dk lkgl o dwor ;k rks U;k;ikfydk esa gS ;k fQj turk esaA igys ltk;k¶rk vijk/kh] nkxh usrkvksa ¼tuizfrfu/k;ksa½ dh lnL;rk lekIr dj pquko yM us ij izfrca/k yxkus rFkk ckn esa ^jkbV Vw fjtsDV* ds QSlys us pquko lq/kkj ds fy, u;h tehu rS;kj dj nh gS ;|kfi fd blds fy, dksbZ Hkh jktuhfrd ny vklkuh ls rS;kj ugh gksxk ysfdu ejrk D;k u djrk mls etcwjh esa gh lgh rS;kj gksuk gh iM sxkA

Last Updated on Sunday, 05 April 2015 12:17

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