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ftl ns'k esa Hkz"Vkpkj ds lkSfe= gksa mlesa Hkz"Vkpkj dk dksbZ D;k fcxkM ysxkA ,sls tt dks U;k;ewfrZ@U;k;k/kh'k fy[kus esa dye Xykfu eglwl yxrh gS tks Hkz"Vkpkj dh izfr ewfrZ gksrs gSaA pan Hkz"V ttst ds dkj.k iwjh U;k;kikfydk ij maxfy;ka mBus yxrh gSaA mPp U;k;ikfydk esa ,d iwoZ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds vuqlkj 20 izfr'kr tt Hkz"V gSa rkRi;Z ;g fd tgka ns'k esa 90 izfr'kr usrk o vQlj csbeku o Hkz"V gSa ogka vLlh izfr'kr ttst ds bekunkj gksus ds ckotwn lHkh dks 'kd dh fuxkg ls ns[kk tkus yxk gSA

mPp U;k;ikfydk dh lfØ;rk dk gh ifj.kke gS fd vkt fdrus usrk o vQlj tsy esa gSa ysfdu ;gh U;kf;d lfØ;rk lHkh nyksa ds usrkvksa dh vka[k dh fdjfdjh cu x;hA lkSfe=lsu tSls ttst ds dkj.k usrkvksa dks ,d ckj fQj ttst ij fu;a=.k djus ds fy, ekSdk fey x;k gS rFkk ttst ij udsy dlus dh rS;kjh dj yh gSA

U;k; O;oLFkk esa tokcnsgh ikjnf'kZrk ds fy, gjlaHko iz;kl gksuk pkfg, ysfdu bu iz;klkas ds ihNs ea'kk vke turk dks 'kh?kz U;k; nsus dh gksuh pkfg, u fd Hkz"V usrkvksa] vQljksa ij dkjZokbZ jksdus ds fy,A
lafo/kku esa ttst dks tks Immunity  nh x;h mlds ihNs 'kk;n ;gh ea'kk jgh gksxh fd os fcuk Hk; o ncko ds dke djsa rFkk mudks gVkus dh izfØ;k dks bruk nq#g cuk;k fd budks cukus ls T;knk gVkuk eqf'dy gksA

mPp U;k;ky; ds tt dks gVkus ds fy, lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 217¼1½ ds izsfotks ¼b½ ds vuqlkj "a jude may be removed from his office by the president in the manner provided in clause (4) of Article 124 for the removal of a judge of the Supreme Court."  rkRi;Z ;g fd High Court ds tt dks gVkus ds fy, Hkh ogh izfØ;k gS tks Supreme Court ds tt dks gVkus ds fy, lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 124 ¼4½ esa nh x;h gS ftlds vuqlkj "A judge of Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after andreas by each house of parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that house and by a majority of not less than two third of the member of that house present and voting has been presented to the president in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity."

lkSfe=lsu ls igys oh- jkekLokeh ij 1991 esa QuhZpj [kjhn ?kksVkyk o ih-Mh- fnudju ij tehu ?kkSVkys ds dkj.k egk fu;ksx dh izfØ;k 'kq# gqbZA tgka ih-Mh- fnudju us jkT; lHkk ds tkap ds rkSj rjhdksa ij maxfy;ka mBkrs gq, viuh lsok fuo`fÙk ls ek= 9 eghus igys in R;kx dj bl dk;Zokgh ls cp fudys ogha oh- jkekLokeh ds fo#) rRdkyhu lkaln e/kq naMors }kjk yksdlHkk esa yk;k x;k egkfHk;ksx izLrko fxj x;kA Kkr gks fd orZeku dSfcusV ea=h dfiy flCcy oh- jkekLokeh ds odhy FksA

lkSfe=lsu ij vkjksi gS fd tc os 1992 esa dydÙkk mPp U;k;ky; ds odhy Fks rks mudks ek- mPp U;k;ky; us LVhy vFkkfjVh vkWQ bafM;k o f'kfiax dkiksZjs'ku vkWQ bf.M;k ds ,d ekeys esa fjlhoj fu;qDr fd;k x;k Fkk ftlesa mUgksaus xM cM h dh vkSj vkt ukScr ;gka rd iagqp x;hA

lkSfe=lsu izdj.k us ,d ckj fQj mPp U;k;ky; esa ttst dh fu;qfDr ds rkSj rjhdksa] ekudksa vkSj xksiuh;rk ij dbZ loky [kM s dj fn;s gSaA

¼1½ D;k tc lkSfe=lsu l= 2003 esa mPp U;k;ky; ds tt cuk;s x;s Fks rc dksysft;e dks bl izdjj.k dh tkudkjh ugha Fkh\
¼2½ ftl tt dks lafo/kku esa of.kZr R;kx i= nsus dh izfØ;k rd dk Kku ugha Fkk mlus oknksa ds fuiVkjs dSls fd;s gksaxs\
¼3½ D;k ,sls yksxksa dks tt cukus ds fy, rRdkyhu mPp U;k;ky; rFkk mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysft;e ds ttst ds fo#) dkjZokbZ ugha gksuh pkfg,\

tkap desVh }kjk vkjksi lgh ik;s tkus vkSj jkT; lHkk }kjk egkfHk;ksx ikfjr gks tkus ds ckn lsu ds bLrhQs us ,d ckj fQj ;g fl) dj fn;k fd lÙkk jk"Vª ls cM h gSA jkT; lHkk }kjk egkfHk;ksx ikfjr gksus ds ckn lsu dk ;g ,syku fd os yksdlHkk esa Hkh bldk izfrokn tksjnkj <ax ls djsaxs vkSj vpkud bLrhQk nsuk Hkz"Vkpkj esa fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk dh xycfg;ka dks lkfcr djrk gSA if'pe caxky }kjk dsUnzh; lÙkk dks vinLFk djus dh /kedh us Hkh blesa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk vnk dh gSA bLrhQs dks Lohdkj djds vkuu&Qkuu esa uksVhQkbZ djuk blh dk ,d fgLlk gS D;ksafd lkekU;r;k laoS/kkfud inksa ij cSBk O;fDr tc viuk bLrhQk nsrk gS gS rks og Lor% Lohd`r eku fy;k tkrk gSA ttst ds bLrhQs ds fy, lafo/kku esa izfØ;k gS

"Prov. (a) : Resignation by a Judge.- While in the case of Government servants, in general, a resignation does not become effective unless and until it is accepted by the employer or the competent authority, in the case of certain constitutional dignitaries, such as a Judge of the Supreme Court [Art. 124)1), Prov. (a)] or of a High Court [Art. 217(1), Prov. (a)], no acceptance is required to make the resignation complete. These constitutional dignitaries have the privilege of quitting their office at their unilateral volition and action, by sending to the President a written letter of resignation."

lsu dk bLrhQk Lohdkj gks tkus ds ckn vc Hkz"Vkpkj lkfcr gks tkus ds ckn ,d ckr vkSj lkQ gks x;h fd mPp inksa ij cSBs yksx Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeys esa pksj&pksj ekSlsjs HkkbZ lkfcr gks jgs gSaA
ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ,l-,p- dikfM ;k dh bl lykg ds ckn fd ^Hkz"V ttksa dks laj{k.k u nsa usrk] gesa dkys ifj/kku esa lkQ yksxksa dh t#jr gS rkfd U;kikfydk dh Lora=rk o lR;fu"Bk cuh jgs]* ¼tks mUgksaus ikapos ,e-lh- lhryohM Lekjd O;k[;ku esa dgk Fkk½ dks utjUnkt djrs gq, lsu dks pksj njokts ls fudyus dk ekSdk u nsrsA
lsu ds fo#) yksdlHkk esa Hkh egkfu;ksx ikfjr gks ;k ugha blls dksbZ fo'ks"k QdZ ugha iM rk ysfdu bl izdj.k us ,d ckj fQj ;g mtkxj dj fn;k fd Hkz"V usrk Hkz"Vkpkj ds leFkZd gSa] vkSj ;fn tu psruk u kasyno poland tkxh rks vkxs Hkh jgsaxsA

rduhdh :i ls lkSfe=lsu Hkys gh c[kkZLr gksus ls cp x;s ijUrq U;k;ikfydk dh lk[k dks rks ,sls gh /kDdk yxk tSls fdlh dh yM dh fdlh yM ds ds lkFk ?kj ls Hkkx x;h vc og ml yM ds ls 'kknh djs ;k uk djs ifjokj dh cnukeh rks gh x;hA

ek- mPpre U;k;ky; ds ikap tst dh casp us Krishna Swami V/s Union Of India reported in 1992(4) Scc 605 esa tt ds behaviour ds ckjs esa fy[kk gS& To keep the stream of justice clean and pure, the judge must be blackjack en ligne mac endowed with sterling character, impeccable integrity and upright behaviour. Erosion thereof would undermine the efficacy, of the rule of law and the working of the Constitution itself. The I konklusjon, dette er et ingen innskudds casino med hoy kvalitet, perfekt for tilhengere av spilleautomater og klassiske spill som poker, blackjack, roulette, craps og baccarat. Judges of higher echelons, therefore, should not be mere men of clay with all the frailties and foibles, human failings and weak character which may be found in those in other walks of life. The judges of higher judiciary should be men of fighting faith with tough fibre not susceptible to any pressure, economic, political or any sort. The actual as well as the apparent independence of judiciary would he transparent only when the office holders endow those qualities which would operate as impregnable fortress against surreptitious attempts to undermine the independence of the judiciary. In short the behaviour of the Judge is the bastion for the people to reap the fruits of the democracy, liberty and online casino justice and the antithesis rocks the bottom of the ruse of law.

From this constitutional orientation, let us plough the seeds or roots of causation of “misbehavior in Article 124(4). The Constitution or the pct, obviously, gave no definition of misbehaviour. In Corpus Juris Secun-dum I Volume 58, the word "misbehavior was defined as conduct, improper or unlawful behaviour. It has been held to be synonymous with misconduct. The words and phrases as judicially defined in Volume 3, "misbehavior has been defined as "outrageous or improper conduct".

Black's Law Dictionary, 6th Edition, p. 998, defined 'misbehaviour' as "ill conduct, improper or unlawful behaviour". 'Misconduct' was defined at p. 999 as "A transgression of some established and definite rule of action, a forbidden act, a dereliction from duty, unlawful behaviour, wilful in character, improper or wrong behaviour; its synonyms are misdemeanor, misdeed, misbehaviour, delinquency, impropriety, mismanagement, of-fence, but not negligence or carelessness. 'Misconduct in office' was defined as "Any unlawful behaviour by a public office in relation to the duties of his office, wilful in character. Term embraces acts which the office holder had no right to perform, acts performed improperly, and failure to act in the face of an affirmative duty to act.

In Encyclopedic Law Dictionary, 3rd Edition, at p. 720 'misbehaviour' was defined as “improper or unlawful conduct, generally applied to a breach of duty or propriety by an offier, witness, etc. not amounting to a crime. P. Ramanathan Aiyar's 'The Law Lexicon, Reprint Edition, 1987 defines 'misbehaviour' at p. 820 as "ill conduct; improper or unlawful behaviour" 'Misconduct' was defined at p. 821 as "the term "misconduct" implies a wrongful intention, and not a mere error of judgment. Misconduct is not necessarily the same thing as conduct involving moral turpitude". The word 'misconduct' is a relative term, and has to be construed with reference to the subject matter and the context wherein the term occurs, having regard to the scope of the Act or statute which is being construed. 'Misconduct' literally means wrong conduct or improper conduct". 'Misconduct in office' was defined as "unlawful behaviour or neglect by a public officer, by which the rights of a party have been afflicted.

Every act or conduct or even error of judgment or negligent acts by higher judiciary per se does not amount to misbehaviour. Wilful abuse of judicial office, wilful misconduct in the office, corruption, lack of integrity, or any other offence involving moral turpitude would be misbehaviour. Misconduct implies actuation of some degree of menus rea by the doer. Judicial finding of guilt of grave crime is misconduct. Persistent failure to perform the judicial duties of the judge or wilful abuse of the office doles malus would be misbehaviour. Misbehaviour would extend to conduct of the Judge in or beyond the execution of judicial office. Even administrative actions or omissions too need accompaniment of mense rea. The holder of the office of the judge of the Supreme Court or the High Court should, therefore, be above the conduct of ordinary mortals in the society. The standards of judicial behaviour both on and off the Bench are normally high. The falling moral or ethical standards in the society are no ruse nor refuse to slacken the higher standards of  judicial conduct. The society, therefore, is entitled to expect higher degree of propriety and probity in the ,judicial conduct from higher judiciary. There cannot be any fixed or set principles, but an unwritten code of conduct of well established traditions are the guidelines for judicial conduct. The conduct that tends to undermine the public confidence in the character, integrity and impartiality of the judge must be eschewed. It is expected of him to voluntarily setting forth wholesome standards of conduct reaffirming fitness to higher responsibilities. Even the private life of a judge must adhere to standards of probity and propriety, acceptable to others. They alone would receive confidence and respect from the public.

Last Updated on Monday, 22 June 2015 10:45

जवाबदेही कानून सिर्फ जजेज के लिए ही क्यों?

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U;k;ikfydk dks vkt vke ns'koklh dh vafre vkl ds :i esa ns[kk tk jgk gSA fo/kkf;dk vkSj dk;Zikfydk ls iwjh rjg fujk'k gksdj] gkjdj tc mls dgha vkSj fjyhQ ugha feyrh rks og U;k; dh pkS[kV ij viuk eRFkk Vsdrk gS viuh j{kk] lqj{kk vkSj vU;k; ls cpkus dh xqgkj yxkrk gSA mls jkgr Hkh feyrh gSA
gekjs lalnh; yksdra= esa dkuwu cukus dh ftEesnkjh fo/kkf;dk ¼laln o fo/kku lHkkvksa½ dks nh x;h gS] mu cuk;s x;s dkuwuksa ds vk/kkj ij dk;Z djus mudks ikyu djus@djokus dk nkf;Ro dk;Zikfydk dks lkSaik x;k gS rFkk bu nksuksa ij fuxjkuh j[kus dk dk;Z U;k;ikfydk dks fn;k x;kA
tc fo/kkf;dk tu fojks/kh dkuwu cuk;s] dk;Zikfydk tu fojks/kh dk;Z djs dgus dk rkRi;Z ;g fd tc ;s nksuksa laLFkk,a laoS/kkfud Hkkoukvksa ds brj tkdj dk;Z djus yxrh gSa rc U;k;ikfydk dks n[ky nsuk iM rk gS ;g n[ky u flQZ fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk dh vlQyrk dh vksj bafxr djrk gS cfYd mudks vke vkneh ds chp uaxk Hkh dj nsrk gS tks budks cgqr v[kjrk gSA
U;k;ikfydk nw/k dh /kqyh ugha gS ysfdu mlesa vkt Hkh vLlh izfr'kr tt mPp U;k;ikfydk esa vkSj ipklh izfr'kr v/khuLFk U;k;ikfydk esa bekunkj vkSj drZO;fu"B gSa ftudks u flQZ viuk nkf;Ro cks/k gS cfYd mldks fuHkkus esa rRij Hkh gSA
viuh vlQyrk dks nwljs ds flj e< us ds fy, U;k;ikfydk o blds ttst dks ,d lqfu;ksftr "kM ;a= ds rgr cnuke fd;k tk jgk gSA tgk¡ 80 ls 85% ttst bZekunkj o drZO;fu"B gSa ogka tokcnsgh r; djus dh ckr gks jgh gS tgka 99% yksx Hkz"V] vdeZ"; o v{ke gSa ogka mudh tokcnsgh r; djus dh ckr D;ksa ugha gks jgh\
lafo/kku esa Fundamental Rights ds lkFk Deities  Hkh nh x;h gSA ge flQZ ekurs gh ugha cfYd ekax dj jgs gSa fd tokcnsgh r; gksuh pkfg, ysfdu flQZ ttst dh ugha oju vke vkneh ls ysdj jk"Vªifr rd dhA
vktknh ds ckn ds bu 64 o"kksZa ds dk;Zdky dh vxj rVLFk gksdj leh{kk dh tk; rks fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk iwjh rjg gj ekspZs ij Qsy gqbZ gS tcfd U;k;ikfydk dks vPNs vad Hkys u feys ysfdu og ikl gqbZ fn[k jgh gSA fo/kkf;dk] vaxzstks dk cuk;k neudkjh dkuwu vktrd ugha cny ik;h bldh tokcnsgh fdldh gS] ns'k dh vkcknh vktknh ds ckn 32 djksM ls c< dj 132 djksM gks x;h ¼tks vkt ns'k dh lcls cM h leL;k gS½ D;ksafd oksV dh jktuhfr ds pyrs dqlhZ eksg esa tula[;k fu;a=.k dkuwu ugha cuk] tks dke ¼ifjokj fu;kstu½ yk[kks djksM ksa [kpZ djds ugha gks jgk ¼tula[;k o`f) jksduk½ og ek= ,d NksVk lk ,d ykbu dk dkuwu cuk nsus ls gks ldrk Fkk ysfdu ugha cuk;k x;k bldh tokcnsgh fdldh gS\ ns'kokfl;ksa dks f'k{kk LokLF;] 'kq) ty] ok;q] fctyh] i;kZoj.k ugha eqgS;k djk lds bldh tokcnsgh fdldh gS\ nl lsds.M esa lSdM ksa ckj viuk osru] HkÙkk] lq[klqfo/kk dk dkuwu ikl dj ysus okys 1968] 1971] 1977] 1985] 1989] 1996] 2001] 2005 o 2008 dqy feykdj nl ckj yksdiky fcy is'k djus ds ckn Hkh ugha ikl dj lds bldh tokcnsgh fdldh gS\ vktknh ds ckn Hkh vf/kdrj dkuwu tks cus os jk"Vªfgr dks u ns[kdj dqlhZfgr ds fy, cus bldh tokcnsgh fdldh gS\
^^lizax ljdkj ds lkS fnu ds dk;Zdky esa esjs eqrkfcd dk;Z ugha gqvk vkSj laln dk lkjk le; jktuhfr jLlkdlh esa fudy x;kA** &eueksgu flag 2004 esa lkSfnu ds dk;ZØe ij
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dk;Zikfydk dh ftEesnkjh lcls vf/kd gS ysfdu ftruh T;knk mldh ftEesnkjh gS mruh gh vf/kd og vlQy gqbZ gSA bldh vlQyrk ds ewy esa Hkh tokcnsgh dk u gksuk gh gSA vkt Hkh ns'k ds 80% yksx 20@& izfrfnu ij xqtj djus dks cscl gSa] fdlku vkRegR;k djus ij] etnwj Hkw[kksa ejus ij etcwj gks x;k gS blds fy, dkSu tokcnsg gS\
isVªksy] Mhty] jlkSbZ xSl] o fdjksflu ds nke c< kus ds ihNs ljdkj turk dks xqejkg dj casino online jgh gS ;g dgdj fd rsy daifu;ksa dks ?kkVk gks jgk gS muds ?kkVs dks de djus ds fy, ewY; o`f) t:jh gS tcfd okLrfodrk dqN vkSj gSA 2008&09 esa tc dPps rsy dh dher vf/kdre Å¡pkbZ ij Fkh rks online bingo rsy dEifu;ksa ONGC dks 16041 djksM ] GAIL dks 2814 djksM ] IOC dks 2570 djksM OIC dks 2166 djksM dk ykHk gqvk FkkA Kkr gks fd bu rsy dEifu;ksa ls ljdkjksa dks VSDl o ykHkka'k ds :i esa eksVh /kujkf'k feyrh gSA
ljdkj }kjk buds ?kkVs dh HkjikbZ ds fy, 2009&2010 esa ek= 1495 djksM rFkk orZeku o"kZ 2010&2011 esa 3108 djksM dk izko/kku fd;k mlls lkQ tkfgj gksrk gS fd lh/ks rkSj ij bu rsy dEifu;ksa dks Qk;nk iagqpkus ds fy, o vijks{k :i ls viuk [ktkuk Hkjus ds fy, ;s ewY; o`f);ka dh x;h gSA vc turk dks xqejkg djus o mlls >wB cksyus ds fy, dkSu tokcnsg gS\
lwpuk ds vf/kdkj dks ckf/kr djus ds fy,] Hkz"V] v{ke] vdeZ.; dks laoS/kkfud inksa ij fcBkus] ?kiys] ?kksVkys cktksa dks Qk;nk nsus ds fy, dkSu tokcnsg gS\
fiNys yxHkx 10 o"kksZa ls ttst dh tokcnsgh r; djus dh ckr py jgh gS vkSj mlds ihNs tks dkj.k crk;s tk jgs gS muesa Hkkjh la[;k esa oknksa dks yafcr j[kuk izeq[k gSA ;g ckr fcYdqy lgh gS fd nsj ls feyk U;k; vU;k; ls T;knk ?kkrd gksrk gS ysfdu blds dkj.kksa dh iM rky djus ij tks fLFkfr mHkjrh gS mlds fy, flQZ tt ftEesnkj ugha gSA blds fy, izeq[k dkj.k gS ljdkj dk xSjftEesnkjkuk joS;k] HksnHkko iw.kZ uhfr v{ke iz'kklfud O;oLFkk] [kjkc dkuwu O;oLFkk] odhyksa dk joS;kA blds vfrfjDr dqN ttst vo'; gSa tks vius mÙkjnkf;Ro ds izfr xEHkhj ugha gSA v/khuLFk U;k;ky; vkt Hkh cgqr ftEesnkj gSa ogka ds U;k;k/kh'k dke djrs Hkh gSa vkSj djuk Hkh pkgrs gSa ysfdu mudks csgrj ekgkSy ugha fey jgk gSA
mPp U;k;ikfydk viuh tokcnsgh u le>rh rks brus ?kksVkyksa ls inkZ u mBrk] mPpre U;k;ky; us 2006 esa iqfyl lq/kkj ds fy, funsZ'k fn;s] dk;ZLFky ij efgykvksa dh lqj{kk rFkk Jfedksa o cPpksa dh HkykbZ ds vusd funsZ'k fn,A iz'u ;g gS fd tc dk;Zikfydk dk dpjk lkQ djus esa ttst dk vf/kdka'k le; chr tkrk gS rks og viuk dke dc djs\ dk;Zikfydk dh vdeZ;rk] Hkz"Vkpkj] ykijokgh dk [kkfe;ktk tc vke vkneh Hkqxrus yxrk gS rks mldh vis{kk,a U;k;ikfydk ls c< tkrh gSa vkSj og dk;Zikfydk dh ftEesnkjh dh vis{kk Hkh U;k;ikfydk ls djus yxrk gSA og pkgrk gS fd tks dke iz/kkuea=h@ eq[;ea=h dks djuk pkfg, og Hkh tt gh djsA
vius dke ds cks> rys ttst dks frgjk ncko >syuk iM jgk gS eqdneksa dh c< rh la[;k] U;k;ky;ksa dh deh vkSj ttst dh dehA ysfdu bu lc dkj.kksa ds ckotwn ge ekurs gSa fd tt dks tokcnsg gksuk pkfg,A
tokcnsgh flQZ ttst dh gh ugha cfYd lHkh dh r; gksuh pkfg, lkFk gh lkFk ;g Hkh lqfuf'pr gks fd ftldks ftruh vf/kd Immunity fo'ks"kkf/kdkj feys mldh tokcnsgh mruh vf/kd gksA

Last Updated on Friday, 03 April 2015 17:57

भूमि अधिग्रहण कानून ही क्यों?

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gekjs ns'k dk vLlh izfr'kr dkuwu vaxzstks }kjk cuk;k x;k dkuwu gS ftls mlus Hkkjrh;ksa ds neu ds fy, cuk;k FkkA vf/kdka'k dkuwu 1860 ls 1939 ds chp ds cus dkuwu gSA ge vktknh ds 64 o"kksZa ckn Hkh mu neudkjh dkuwuksa dks ugha cny lds ;g gekjh fo/kkf;dk dh miyfC/k gS ftlij ;g ugha le> ik jgk gwa fd xoZ d:a dh 'keZA
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uk;dRo dh ;g deku eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ljks'k gkseh dikfM ;k us Lo;a laHkkyh gSA mudh vxqok;h esa mPpre ls ysdj mPp o v/khuLFk U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'kksa us dq'kklu o Hkz"Vkpkj ds fo#) tks ltxrk] lfØ;rk fn[kkbZ gS mlls tu fo'okl dh all slots casino cgkyh gqbZ gS vkSj casino ;g Li"V lans'k x;k fd dkuwu ls cM k dksbZ ughaA
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^^;g iwjh rjg cnyko vk;k gSA vxj Åijh ik;nku ij bZekunkjh vkSj lkgl gksxk rks uhps rd Hkh bldk vlj gksxkA**
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ikjnf'kZrk bZekunkjh dk igyk lksiku gS tcfd xksiuh;rk Hkz"Vkpkj dh tuuh o Discretion mldk ikyu iks"k.k drkZ gSA
Lokra=;ksÙkj Hkkjr esa turk dks nks vf/kdkj] ,d U;k;ikfydk }kjk ,d fo/kkf;dk }kjk ,sls feys ftlls mldk vkSj ns'k dk cgqr dqN Hkyk gks ldrk Fkk ysfdu vQlksl ,d dk lgh mi;ksx ugha gks ik jgk gS tcfd nwljs dk mi;ksx ftEesnkj inksa ij cSBs yksx ckf/kr dj jgs gSaA ;s vf/kdkj gSa tufgr ;kfpdk o lwpuk dk vf/kdkjA ;s nksuksa ,d nwljs ds iwjd gSa rFkk nksuksa dk mn~ns'; turk dks vU;k; ls cpkuk rFkk ftEesnkj yksxksa ds dke&dkt esa ikjnf'kZrk lqfuf'pr djuk gSA
yksdra= ds LrEHk fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk o U;k;ikfydk ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd bl ikjnf'kZrk ds iwjh rjg ls f[kykQ gS D;ksafd ;fn ,slk u gksrk rks eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ls ysdj iz/kkuea=h rd lc vius dks lwpuk vf/kdkj dkuwu ls ckgj j[kus dh ckr u djrsA vHkh dqN le; iwoZ mPpre U;k;ky; o mPp U;k;ky; ;gk¡ rd dh eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dh fu;qfDr esa ikjnf'kZrk ,oa tokcnsgh lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds rgr tkudkfj;k¡ ekaxh tkus yxha tks U;k;ikfydk dks cgqr ukxokj xqtjha tcfd U;k;ikfydk esa tulkekU; dk fo'okl iquZLFkkfir djus ds fy, ;g u flQZ U;k;laxr gS cfYd t:jh Hkh gSA
mPp U;k;ky; o mPpre U;k;ky; esa ttksa dh fu;qfDr] LFkkukUrj.k o mldh izfØ;k 'kq: ls gh fooknksa o cgl dk eqn~nk jgha gSA igys dsUnz ljdkj dh flQkfj'k ij fu;qfDr;k¡ gksrh Fkha ckn esa mPpre U;k;ky; ,d tqfMfl;y vkMZj djds viuh dksysft;e ds ek/;e ls fu;qfDr;k¡ djus yxk ysfdu fookn o cgl dks fojke ugha yxkA ftlds ihNs egRoiw.kZ dkj.k Hkh gSA tc dsUnz dh flQkfj'k ij fu;qfDr;k¡ gksrh Fkha rc Hkh tt cuus dh ;ksX;rk ekius dk dksbZ ekin.M ugha Fkk] ikVhZ ds vuq'kkflr odhy dk;ZdÙkkZ dks tt cuk fn;k tkrk Fkk vc tc mPp U;k;ky; dks dksysft;e dh fu;qfDr dh flQkfj'k ij mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysft;e fu;qfDr dh flQkfj'k djrh gS rks Hkh ;ksX;rk ekius dk dksbZ fu/kkZfjr ekin.M ugha gSA ;g ek= dqN lhfu;j ttksa dk Discretion gS ftldks ekudj mPpre U;k;ky; ds dksysft;e ds lnL; vius Discretion ds vk/kkj ij fu.kZ; djrs gSa ftldk urhtk gS fd dqN fu;qfDr;ksa ls U;k;ikfydk dh xfjek dks vk?kkr yxk gSA ,slk dbZ ckj gks pqdk gS fd mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysfTk;e mPp U;k;ky; ds dksfyft;e }kjk vxzlkfjr ukeksa dks vLohdkj dj nsrk gSA D;k bl ns'k dh turk dks ;g tkuus dk vf/kdkj ugha gS fd fdl vk/kkj ij ttksa dh fu;qfDr gsrq uke Hksts x;s vkSj fdu dkj.kksa ls mudks fujLr dj fn;k x;k\
vkt yk[k Vds dk loky gS fd brus egRoiw.kZ in ij fu;qfDr ds fy, D;k dksbZ Criteria ¼ekin.M½ gS\ ttksa dh fu;qfDr ds fy, lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 217 ¼1½ o ¼2½ esa LFkk;h rFkk vuqPNsn 224 esa ,fM'kuy@,fDVax ttst dh fu;qfDr dk izko/kku fd;k x;k gSA H.M. Seervai ds Constitutional law of India ds pkSFks laLdj.k esa ml ij fy[kk gS&
"...That procedure was desined to test the fitness of a person to be appointed a High Court Judge; his character, his integrity and his campetence in various branches of the law, and the like. In recruiting a person from the Bar, his experience in defferent kinds of litigation would also be taken in to account"

ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa ,d fuf'pr Criteria dk u gksuk bldh xfjek o U;k; dh xq.koÙkk nksuks dks izHkkfor dj jgk gSA tc 10'x10'/4 ds pSEcj ds ,YkkVes.V ds fy, Criteria fu/kkZfjr djuk vko';d gS tSlk fd ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ nsoh izlkn flag o vYyk jge dh ihB us fot; 'kadj f=ikBh ,oa vU; cuke ekuuh; mPp U;k;ky; bykgkckn ,oa vU; esa tks [2007(25) LCD 1266] esa fjiksVZM gS ,ykVeasV fyLV dks Quash djrs gq, fy[kk gS&
"Opposite parties may proceed afresh to allot the chambers ofter formulating the criteria...." rc ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa dksbZ Criteria D;ksa ugha\
bruk gh ugha ofj"B vf/koDrk ukfer djus ds fy, Full court dh jk; t:jh gS rks tt dh fu;qfDr esa flQZ rhu dh gh jk; D;ksa\ ikjnf'kZrk ds vHkko o Discretion dk Qk;nk mBkrs gq, ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa ^va/kk ckaVs jsoM h viqfg vkiqfg ys;* dh dgkor pfjrkFkZ gks jgh gSA Discretion dk lhfer mi;ksx djus ij "Supreme Court Advocate-on-Record Association & others V/s Union of India Reported in 1993(4) SCC 441 specking for the majority Hon'ble J.S. Verma J held".... the reduction of the area of discretion to the minimum, the element of plurality of Juges in formation of the opinion of the Chief Justice of India effective consultation in writing and  prevailing norms to regulate the area of discretion are Sufficient cheeks"

ysfdu okLro esa gks blds myVk jgk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd bruh deh ds ckotwn ukeksa ij lgefr ugha cu ik jgh gSA
ttksa dh fu;qfDr dks ysdj tks iz'u lkeus vk jgs gSa os u flQZ vuqÙkfjr gSa cfYd iwjh&iwjh U;k;ikfydk dks dV?kjs esa [kM k djus okys gSa vkSj flQZ ttksa dh gh fu;qfDr ugha bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; esa fiNys yxHkx 30 o"kksZa esa prqFkZ Js.kh dh fu;qfDr ds fy, Hkh ,d Hkh foKkiu ugha fudyk r`rh; Js.kh esa lSdM ksa fu;qfDr;k¡ euekus <ax ls dh x;h vkf[kj D;ksa\ D;k ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dk [ksy ugha gS\
yxHkx jkst gh ikjnf'kZrk dh /kqu ctkus okys U;k;ky; dkuwu ls Åij gS\ vkf[kj ikjnf'kZrk ls bruh ?kcM kgV D;ksa\ ttksa dh fu;qfDr ds ckjs esa lwpuk lkoZtfud djus ds fy, Central Information Commission us tks funsZ'k tkjh fd;k Fkk mls mPpre U;k;ky; us viuh gh dksVZ esa pqukSrh ns nhA eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dks Right to Information Act ds ambit esa gksus ds fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds] fu.kZ; ij rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds-th- ckykd`".kuu~ us ;g vkifÙk mBk;h fd ttksa dh fu;qfDr;ksa ls lacaf/kr tkudkfj;k¡ losan'khy gS ftUgsa lkoZtkfud ugha fd;k tk ldrkA ;g ckr le> ls ijs gS fd fdlh Hkh fu;qfDr esa mlls lEcaf/kr tkudkjh fdl fygkt ls laosnu'khy gS flok; Hkz"Vkpkj dsA blls myV tc p;u izfØ;k ikjn'khZ o ekin.M vk/kkfjr gksrh gS rks ,slh fu;qfDr;ksa esa tu fo'okl dk Hkh lekos'k gksrk gSA fu;qfDr lEca/kh lwpuk lkoZtkfud u djuk mlesa Hkz"Vkpkj dh v'kadk dks tUe nsrk gSA
Kkr gks fd tc ttksa dh fu;qfDr dsUnz ljdkj }kjk dh tkrh Fkh rks 1981 esa Lo;a mPpre U;k;ky; us gh fu;qfDr ls lacaf/kr lwpukvksa dks lkoZtfud djus dk funsZ'k nsrs gq, S.P. Gupta V/s Union of India Reported in (AIR 1982 SC 149 esa observe fd;k&"....Sometimes it is difficult to recruit competent judges and no useful purpose is served by appointing mediocre judges who ultimately would not be able to make any impact so far as the arrears of pending cases are concerned and who would dilute the quality of justice administered in the High Court."

"....Now it is obvious from the Constitution that we have adopted a democratic form of Government. Where a society has chosen to accept democracy as its creedal faith, it is elementary that the citizens ought to know what their government is doing. The citizens have a right to decide by whom and by what rules they shall be governed and they are entitled to call on those who govern on their behalf to account for their conduct. No democratic government can survive without accountability and the basic postulate of accountability is that the people should have information about the functioning of the government. It is only if people know how government is functioning that they can fulfill the role which democracy assigns to them and make democracy a really effective participatory democracy. "Knowledge" said James Madison, "will for ever govern ignorance and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power knowledge gives. A popular government without popular information or the means of obtaining it. is but a prologue to a farce or tragedy or perhaps both." The citizens' right, to know the facts, the true facts, about, the administration of the country is thus one of the pillars of a democratic State. And that is why the demand for openness in the government is increasingly growing in defferent parts of the world."

"....    The demand for openness in the government is based principally on two reasons. It is now widely accepted that democracy, does not consist merely in people exercising their franchise once in five years to choose their rules and, once the vote is cast, then retiring in passivity and not taking any interest in the government. Today it is common ground that democracy has a moralities content and its orchestration has to be continuous and pervasive. This means inter alia that people should not only casino cast intelligent and rational votes but should also emeralds sound judgment on the conduct of the government and the merits of public policies; so that democracy does not remain merely a sporadic exercise in voting but becomes a continuous process of government--an attitude and habit of mind. But this important role people can fulfill in a democracy only if it is an open government where there is full access to information in regard to the functioning of the government."
"....    A democratic government, however, though it must compete with these other types of organisation, has a task which is complicated by its obligations to the people. It needs the trust of the governed. It. cannot, use the plea of secrecy to hide from the people its basic aims. On the contrary it must explain these aims: It must provide the justification for them and give the facts both for and against a selected course of action. Now must such information be provided only at one level and through one means of communication? A government which pursues secret aims, or which operates in greater secrecy than the effective conduct of its proper functions requires, or which turns information services into propaganda agencies, will lose the trust of the people. It will be countered by ill-informed and destructive criticism. Its critics will try to break down all barriers erected to preserve secrecy and they will disclose all that they can by whatever means, discover. As a result matters will be revealed when they ought to remain secret in the interests of the nation."

"....    We have no doubt that high level constitutional functionaries like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India would not be deterred from performing their constitutional duty of expressing their views boldly and fearlessly even if they were told that the correspon- dence containing their views might subsequently be disclosed, If, to quote the words of Lord Pearce in Conway v. rimmer 1968 AC 910 (supra) "there are countless teachers at schools and universities, countless employers of labour, who write candid reports, unworried by the outside chance of disclosure" here is no reason to suspect that casino online high level constitutional functionaries like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India would flinch and falter in expressing their frank and sincere views when performing their constitutional duty. We have already dealt with the argument based on the need for candour and frankness and we must reject it in its application to the case of holders of high constitutional offices like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India. Be it noted -- and of this we have no doubt -- that our Chief Justices and Judges are made of sterner stuff; they have inherited a long and ancient tradition of independence and impartiality they are by training and experience as also by their oath of office dedicated to the cause of justice administered without fear or favour, affection or ill-will and in fact there is no power on earth which can deflect them from the path of rectitude. We find it difficult to believe that they would not act as Judges but as weak kneed and ef-fete individuals afraid to express their views lest they might come to be known to others and provoke criticism. Confidentiality is not a head of privilege and the need for confidentiality of high level communications without more cannot sustain a claim for immunity against disclosure. Vide Science Research Council v. Nassa (1979) 3 All ER 673 and particularly the observations of Lord Scarman at pp. 697 and 698. Even if a document be confidential, it must be produced, notwithstanding its confide- ntiality, if it is necessary for fairly disposing of the case, unless it can be shown that its disclosure would otherwise be injurious to public interest. "

"....    There might be difference of views between the Chief Justice of the High Court and the Chief Justice of India but so long as the views are held bona fide by the two Chief Justices, we do not see why they should be worried about the disclosure Voor Webmasters:Webmaster van een casinos of gokhal gerelateerd website of webshop? Binnen Casino's Holland. of their views? Why should they feel embarrassed by public discu-ssion or debate of the views expressed by them when they have acted bona fide with the greatest care and circums-pection and after mature deliberation. We also find it difficult to agree that if the differing views of the two Chief Justices become known to the outside world, the public discussion and debate that might ensue might have the effect of lowering the dignity and prestige of one or the other kasyno internetowe of the two Chief Justices. When the differing slots online views of the two Chief Justices are made public as a result of disclosure, there would certainly be public discussion and debate in regard to those views with some criticizing one wiew and some criticizing the other, but that cannot be helped in a democracy where the right of free speech and expression is a guaranteed right and if the views have been expressed by the two Chief Justices with proper care and deliberation and a full sense of responsibility in discharge of a constitutional duty, there is no reason why the two Chief Justices should worry about public criticism. We fail to see how such public criticism could have the effect of undermining the prestige and dignity of one or the other Chief Justice. So long as the two Chief Justices have acted honestly and bona fide with full consciousness of the heavy responsibility that rests upon them in matters of this kind, we do not think that any amount of public criticism can affect their prestige and dignity. But if either on the two Chief Justices has acted carelessly or improperly or irresponsibly or out of oblique motive, his view would certainly toe subjected public criticism and censure and that might show him in poor light and bring him down in the esteem of the people, but that will be the price which he will have to pay for his remissness in discharge of his constitutional duty, No Chief Justice or Judge should be allowed to hide his improper or irresponsible action under the cloak of secrecy. If any Chief Justice now let's move on3 stories on justin-bieber-news.info in one day. or Judge has behaved improperly or irresponsibly or in a manner not befitting the high office he holds, there is no reason why his action should not be exposed to public gaze. We believe in an open Government and openness in Government does not mean openness merely in the functioning of the executive arm of the State. The same openness must characterise the functioning of the judicial apparatus including judicial appointments and transfers. Today the process of judicial appointments and transfers is shrouded in mystery. The public does not know how judges are selected and appointed or transferred and whether any and if so what, principles and norms govern this process. The exercise of the power of appointment and transfer remains a sacred ritual whose mystery is confined only to a handful of high priests, namely, the Chief Justice of the High Court, the Chief Minister of the State, the Law Minister of the Central Government and the Chief Justice of India in case of appointment or non-appointment or non-appointment of a High Court Judge and the Law Minister of the Central Government and the Chief Justice of India in case of appointment of a Supreme Court Judge or transfer of a High Court Judge. The mystique of this process is kept secret and confidential between just a few individuals, not more than two or four as the case may be, and the possibility cannot therefore be ruled cut that howsoever highly placed may be these individuals, the process may on occasions result in making of wrong appointments and transfers and may also at times, though fortunately very rare, lend itself to nepotism, political as well as personal and even trade-off. We do not see any reason why this process of appointment and transfer of Judges should be regarded as so sacrosanct that no one should be able to pry into it and it should be protected against disclosure at all events and in all circumstances. In fact, the possibility of subsequent disclosure would act a an effective check against carelessness, impetuosity, arbitrariness or mala fides on the part of the Central Government, the Chief Justice of the High Court and the Chief Justice of India and ensure bona fide and correct approach, objective and dispassionate consideration, mature thought and deliberation and proper application of mind on their part in discharging their constitutional duty in regard to appointments and transfers of Judges. ...."


blds vfrfjDr iVuk mPp U;k;ky; ds rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds-ch-,u- flag dk LFkkukUrj.k tc enzkl mPp U;k;ky; ds fy, dj fn;k Fkk rks Hkkjr ds rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k okbZ-oh- pUnzpwM us vius gh U;k;ky; ¼mPpre U;k;ky;½ esa bl ckr dk gyQukek nkf[ky fd;k fd bl LFkkukUrj.k ds ihNs dksbZ nqHkkZouk ugha fNih gSA
tc iwoZ esa bl izdkj ds mnkgj.k ekStwn gSa fd eq[; U;k;k/kh'k Lo;a gyQukek nkf[ky djrs gSa vkSj mPpre U;k;ky; dk;Zikfydk dks fu;qfDr laca/kh nLrkost lkoZtfud djus dk vkns'k ns ldrh gS rks vc ;g fNiko D;ksa\ dqN le; iwoZ blh mPp U;k;ky; ds ,d U;k;ewfrZ dh fu;qfDr dks pqukSrh nh x;h rks ihB ds bl vkns'k ds ckotwn fd ^,izSty fjiksVZ* lhy cUn fyQkQs esa dksVZ esa nkf[ky dh tk;] nkf[ky ugha dh x;h cfYd ekeys dks mPpre U;k;ky; esa LFkkuUrfjr dj fn;k x;k vkSj og ^vizSty fjiksVZ* lkoZtfud ugha gqbZA
yxHkx ,d o"kZ iwoZ fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k vftr izdk'k 'kkg us mPpre U;k;ky; esa viuh fu;qfDr u gksus ij fcnkbZ lekjksg esa dgk Fkk ^^;g turk r; djs fd mudh fu;qfDr mPpre U;k;ky; esa D;ksa ugha gqbZ** mUgksaus vkxs dksysft;e }kjk ttksa dh fu;qfDr ij dgk fd ;fn fdlh tt dh ojh;rk dks utjvankt fd;k tkrk gS rks mlds fy, dkj.k crk;k tkuk pkfg,A mudh bl vo/kkj.kk dks etcwrh iznku djrs gq, ns'k ds dbZ vU; eq[; U;k;k/kh'kksa ,oa U;k;fonkas us dgk dksysft;e }kjk ttksa dh fu;qfDr;ksa esa ;ksX;rk dks rjthg u nsdj lkSnsckth gksrh gSA
ttksa dh Opaque fu;qfDr iz.kkyh ij laln dh LFkk;h lfefr ds Views dqN bl izdkj gSa&
"The closed system prevailing now is not getting meritorious persons called to the Bench... till the warrant of appointment is issued by the president, it is maintained as secret. It is the democratic principle. Committee further said that aspirants name merits and the selections process shall be made public and transparent."

U;k; nsus dh i}fr (Justice Delivery system) esa odhyksa o ttksa  nksuks dh honesty o Integrity dk cgqr vge jksy gS 'kk;n ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd odkyr dks Noble profession o ttksa dks 'My Lords' dgk x;kA blfy, ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa Entry Point ¼fopkj ds fy, ukeksa ds p;u½ ij gh lcls vf/kd lko/kkuh cjrus dh vko';drk gksrh gSA
vkt tc ns'k esa Hkz"Vkpkj fodjky :i /kkj.k dj pqdk gS] ftls dkuwuh vL= izgkj ls gh ijkLr fd;k tk ldrk gS ftlds fy, l{ke dkuwu] ikjn'khZ U;k; iz.kkyh rFkk bekunkj] fu"i{k QSlyk nsus okys ttksa dh vko';drk gSA gekjs laof/kku esa U;k;ikfydk dk Concept vesfjdk ls fy;k x;k gS tgk¡ 19oha lnh ls gh U;k;k/kh'kksa dh fu;qfDr lh/ks fcuk jktuhfrd gLr{ksi ds dh tkrh gS tcfd gekjs ;gk¡ ttksa dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k u flQZ vikjn'khZ gS cfYd mlesa ?ku?kksj jktuhfrd gLr{ksi Hkh gksrk gSA
ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa bUgha fofHkUu izdkj ds gLr{ksiksa@Hkz"Vkpkjksa dks Nqikus ds fy, gj laHko dksf'k'ksa gksrh gSa bldks tu lkekU; rks NksfM ;s blds vk/kkj LrEHk odhy Hkh u tku ik;s fd fdu&fdu ds ukeksa ij fopkj gks jgk gS] u tku ik;s fd fdl Criteria ij fopkj gks jgk gSA
vikjnf'kZrk ¼xksiuh;rk½ Hkz"Vkpkj dh tuuh gS bl ckr ls izekf.kr gksrh gS fd nqfu;k ds nl Hkz"Vre ns'kksa esa fdlh esa Hkh lwpuk dk vf/kdkj ugha gS tcfd nl lcls bekunkj ns'kksa esa ukS esa vf/kdkj dh vktknh gSA laoS/kkfud laLFkkvksa esa ikjnf'kZrk ds vHkko esa gh Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM s QSy pqdh gSaA fu;qfDr ds igys ukeksa dks xksiuh; j[kus dk dkj.k Hkh 'kk;n ;gh gS fd ,d ckj uke pys tkus vkSj okjaV tkjh gks tkus ds ckn fQj dksbZ dqN ugha dj ldrkA
vHkh ckj ls fu;qfDr ds fy, ,d ;ksX;rk gS fd odhy dk nl o"kZ iqjkuk bUjksyes.V 'Right to practice' dk gksuk pkfg,A vc iz'u mBrk gS fd 10 o"kZ ds bUjksyes.V okys rks gtkjksa odhy gSa muesa ls fdldks pquk tk jgk gS blds fy, ekin.M fu/kkZfjr djuk vko';d gSA fcuk Criteria fu/kkZfjr fd, ukeksa dks vxzlkfjr djuk Arbitrariness dh Js.kh esa vkrk gSA brus egRoiw.kZ in ij fu;qfDr vxj fcuk Criteria fu/kkZfjr fd;s gksrh gS rks ;g vlaoS/kkfud fu;qfDr dh gh Js.kh esa vk;sxhA
vkt mPp U;k;ky; o mPpre U;k;ky; ds fu;qfDr e.My ¼dksysft;e½ dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k 'Tap on the Shoulder Method' ij vk/kfjr gS tks u flQZ xksiuh; gS cfYd xSj tokcnsg Hkh gS vkSj blh dk Qk;nk mBkrs gq, ,d ckj fQj dsUnz ljdkj U;k;k/kh'kksa dh fu;qfDr dk vf/kdkj vius gkFk esa ysus ds fy, gkFk iSj ekj jgh gS tks blds fy, uqdlknsg gSA
vc ;fn bl laoS/kkfud laLFkk esa tu fo'okl dh cgkyh djuh gS rks ttksa dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k dks iw.kZ ikjn'khZ cukuk gksxk blds fy, vko';d gS&
fu;qfDr dk vf/kdkj u dsUnz ljdkj ds gkFk esa gks u dksysft;e ds cfYd mPp U;kf;d lsok p;u lfefr dk xBu gksA
p;u izfØ;k o ekin.M dk fu/kkZj.k gks rFkk mldk O;kid izlkj&izpkj djrs gq, b.VjusV ij Mkyk tk,A
Desired Deserving Candidates ls izkFkZuk i= vkeaf=r djds mldks b.VjusV ij Mkyk tk;A
Candidates ds ckjs esa tks vkifÙk;k¡ vk;sa mudh ,d Lora= tk¡p lfefr cukdj tk¡p gks mlds ckn gh muds ukeksa ij fopkj gksA
uke dks fu;qfDr ds fy, vxzlkfjr djus ;k vLohd`r djus dk dkj.k crk;k tk;A
p;u dk vk/kkj flQZ fu/kkZfjr ekin.M gksA
Discretions dks dksbZ txg u nh tk;A
Deserving dh Desirability dks Eligibility dh Criteria ds fudl ij dldj gh Suitability eki dj fu;qfDr izfØ;k dks vkxs c< k;k tk;A

Last Updated on Friday, 17 April 2015 23:24

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