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मध्यस्थता पर राज्य विधिक सेवा प्राधिकरण का सेमिनार

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y[kuÅA U;k; vU;k; u gks tk; bldh fpark lcdks gSA ns'k Hkj dh vnkyrksa esa
2-76 djksM ls T;knk eqdnes yafcr gSa ftlesa vdsys bykgkckn gkbZdksVZ esa yxHkx nl yk[k eqdnesa yafcr gaSA eqdneksa ds c< rs cks> dks ns[krs gq, fooknksa ds 'kh?kz fuiVkjs ds fy, U;k;ikfydk fpafrr rks gS ijmruh xaHkhj fcYdqy ugha ftruh gksuh pkfg,A gkykafd e/;LFkrk vkSj vU; oSdfYid mik;ksa dks çHkkoh <ax ls ykxw djus ij tksj fn;k tk jgk gS
vkSj dksf'k'k gS fd fo'o ds dbZ ns'kksa dh rjg 'kh?kz U;k; fn;k tk ldsA
ns'k esa U;k;ikfydk ij yksxksa dks balkQ nsus dh ftEesnkjh gSA

ftl rjhds ls fnuksa&fnu oknksa dh la[;k c< jgh gS] Rofjr U;k; dh laHkkouk de gksrh tk jgh gSA y[kuÅ esa ^e/;LFkrk* ¼ehfM,'ku½ ij lsaVªy tksu dh igyh jhtuy dkWUÝsal esa ;g fpark mHkjdj lkeus vkbZA bl nkSjku dgk x;k fd 30 twu 2011 rd ns'k dh vnkyrksa esa nks djksM 76 yk[k 70 gtkj 417 ekeys yafcr FksA 31 tuojh rd ;g rknkn FkksM h vkSj c< xbZ gksxhA ns'k ds mPp U;k;ky;ksa esa 43 yk[k 43 gtkj 600 ekeyksa dk fuiVkjk ugha gks ldk gSA mPp U;k;ky;ksa esa yafcr ekeyksa esa djhc 23 Qhlnh vdsys bykgkckn gkbZdksVZ esa gSaA

dkWUÝsal esa ns'k vkSj nqfu;k ds mnkgj.k nsrs casino gq, fooknksa ds 'kh?kz lek/kku dks çkFkfedrk nsus ds fy, ttst us dgk] vesfjdk vkSj nwljs ns'kksa esa fooknksa ds fuiVkjs ds fy, oSdfYid rjhds viuk, x, gSaA Hkkjr esa Hkh bldh 'kq#vkr gqbZ gS] ysfdu vHkh tkx:drk dh deh gSA [kqn U;k;k/kh'k vkSj vf/koäk bls ysdj T;knk xaHkhj ugha gSaA fooknksa ds fuiVkjs ds fy, yach vfHk;kstu çfØ;k ls cpuk gksxkA çkphu lH;rkvksa esa Hkh 'kh?kz vkSj lqyHk U;k; ds mnkgj.k lkeus gSaA jkT;iky ch,y tks'kh us dgk] ^fMysM tfLVl] bt fMukby tfLVl*A Passwort vergessen?   Spielen sie Spielautomaten die-besten-online-casinos.info/spiele/spielautomaten online, die welt weit belieb teste spiel zu genießen.

egkHkkjr dky es d`".k us dkSjo&ikaMoksa ds chp e/;LFkrk dh dksf'k'k dhA jkek;.k dky esa jke us guqeku vkSj vaxn dks e/;LFk cukdj lqyg ds fy, HkstkA fookn lqy>kus dh oSdfYid dksf'k'kksa dks ysdj U;k;ikfydk dh igy vPNh gSA bls xaHkhjrk ls fy;k tkuk pkfg,A jkT;iky ch,y tks'kh us bafnjk xka/kh çfr"Bku esa LVsV yhxy lfoZl vFkkfjVh dh vksj ls e/;LFkrk ¼ehfM,'ku½ ij vk;ksftr dkWUÝsal esa cksyrs gq, dgk fd e/;LFkrk o le>kSrs ls fookn gy djds vnkyrksa dk cks> gYdk fd;k tk ldrk gSA ehfM,Vj dks fu"i{k o fookn lqy>kus esa fuiq.k gksuk pkfg,A  jkT;iky us vkxs dgk] lckWfMZusV dksVZ ls lqçhe dksVZ rd Hkkjrh; U;k;ikfydk us vke yksxksa dks le; ls U;k; nsus esa dkQh lfØ;rk fn[kkbZ gS ij] reke dksf'k'kksa ds ckotwn U;k;ikfydk yafcr ekeyksa dks de djus esa dke;kc ugha gks ikbZ gSA nsjh ls dslksa dk fuLrkj.k] balkQ ikus okyksa vkSj U;k; nksuksa ds fy, Bhd ugha gSA ns'k esa U;k; dk laoS/kkfud n`f"Vdks.k rHkh lkdkj gks ldsxk tc vnkyrksa ij eqdneksa dk c< rk cks> #dsA ;g rHkh laHko gS tc fooknksa ds lek/kku ds dqN nwljs rjhds <wa<s tk,aA e/;LFkrk vkSj le>kSrs vnkyrksa dk cks> de djus esa enn dj ldrs gSaA

budk edln lHkh i{kksa ds chp lgefr cukuk gSA mUgksaus dgk] e/;LFkrk rHkh lQy gks ldrh gS tc ehfM,Vj esa nksuksa i{kksa ds chp laokn dk dkS'ky gksA og nksuksa i{kksa dk fo'okl dk;e j[k ldsA blds fy, mUgsa mfpr Vªsfuax nh tkuh pkfg,A mn~?kkVu ds ckn rhu vyx&vyx l=ksa esa e/;LFkrk dks ysdj ppkZ gqbZA buesa tfLVl vkbZ ,e dqíqlh] e/; çns'k gkbZdksVZ ds dk;Zokgd eq[; U;k;k/kh'k tfLVl lq'khy gjdkSyh] ,eih ds tfLVl dsds ykgksVh] tfLVl ,e,y esgrk vkfn us fopkj j[ksA dkWUÝsal esa gkbZdksVZ ds tfLVl lquhy vacokuh us lHkh dk Lokxr fd;kA tfLVl nsoh çlkn flag us vkHkkj trk;kA ;wih LVsV yhxy lfoZlst vFkkfjVh ds lnL; lfpo lesr dbZ U;k;ewfrZ] ftyk tt vkSj ehfM,Vj ekStwn FksA

Last Updated on Thursday, 16 April 2015 15:06

न्यायमूर्ति उमानाथ सिंह लखनऊ बेंच के नए वरिष्ठ न्यायमूर्ति

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^iwr ds ikao ikyus esa gh fn[k tkrs gSa* dh dgkor dks pfjrkFkZ djrs gq, bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; ds y[kuÅ [k.M ihB ds uofu;qDr ofj"B U;k;ewfrZ mekukFk flag us ofj"B U;k;ewfrZ dk inHkkj xzg.k djrs gh iz'kklu ls lacaf/kr ,sls fu.kZ; fy, tks mudh U;kf;d {kerk ds lkFk lkFk iz'kklfud dq'kyrk dks n'kkZrs gSaA
vf/koDrkvksa dks vkdfLed fpfdRlk lqfo/kk gsrq ,d ,Ecqysal U;k;ky; ifjlj esa miyC/k djkus dk vkns'k djds mls dk;kZfUor Hkh djk fn;kA izk;% ;g ns[kk tkrk Fkk fd vf/koDrk viuh leL;kvksa ds fy, deZpkfj;ks @vf/kdk fj;ks ds ikl tk;k djrs Fks gambling problems
ftlls dHkh&dHkh yM kbZ&>xM s dh ukScr vk tkrh FkhA vf/koDrkvksa dh bl leL;k ds lek/kku gsrq Grievance Redresal Cell dk xBu ,d Joint Registrar ds Supervision esa djk fn;k ftlesa ;g O;oLFkk gS fd viuh leL;k vki mDr la;qDr fuca/kd dks crk;saxs ftldk mobile casino lEcfU/kr foHkkx ls os fujkdj.k djkus dk iz;kl djsaxs rFkk mldh fjiksVZ jftLVªkj ds ek/;e ls ek- ofj"B U;k;ewfrZ dks nsaxsA
mudh rst rjkZj dk;Z'kSyh dk vankt bl ckr ls yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd y[kuÅ csap ds u;s Hkou dk Bi fuekZ.k dk;Z 'kq# gks x;k gSA
ofj"B U;k;ewfrZ mekukFk flag ds vc rd ds dk;kZsa ls ;g fl) gksrk gS fd os flQZ vkns'k djuk gh ugha tkurs cfYd mudk ikyu djkuk Hkh mUgsa vPNh rjg ls vkrk gSA
ttesaV vktrd dh vksj ls v'ks"k 'kqHkdkeuk,a bl vk'k; ds lkFk fd muds dk;Zdky esa ;g [k.M ihB U;k;ikfydk ds mPp ekin.Mksa dks LFkkfir djsxh ftlls csap o ckj nksuks dh xfjek esa Jho`f) gksxhA

Last Updated on Tuesday, 26 May 2015 10:47

अमीर गरीब के बीच बढ़ती खांई चिन्तनीय

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Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ ,l-,p- dikfM ;k us fof/k fnol ij mPpre U;k;ky; ckj ,lksfl,'ku esa vk;ksftr dk;ZØe esa cksyrs gq, vehj vkSj xjhc ds chp c< jgh vkfFkZd nwjh ij viuh xgjh fpark O;Dr dh gSA mUgksaus dgk ;g ges Lohdkj gS ysfdu bldk vFkZ ;g Hkh ugha gS fd U;k;ikfydk viuh lhek js[kk dk mya?ku djsA
fof/k ea=h ls bl ckr ij viuh lgefr trkrs gq, fd Hkkjr fo'o vFkZ O;oLFkk esa miyC/k lHkh voljksa dk ykHk mBkrs gq, viuk LFkku cuk;s] dgk&         "We need to compete with China in the global market. Economic prosperity has to happen but I do not want 300 million to prosper at the cost of 700 million. Here comes the role of judiciary,"
tufgr U;kf;dkvksa dk ftØ djrs gq, fd vkt ds nkSj esa ljdkj dh vkfFkZd uhfr;ksa] mlds dkedkt ij xEHkhj loky mBkrs gq, cgqr lkjh tufgr ;kfpdk,a nk;j dh tk jgh gSa ftudks U;k;ewfrZ;ksa dks cgqr lksp le>dj lquokbZ djuh pkfg, D;ksafd bl ij fn;k x;k U;kf;d fu.kZ; bu uhfr;ksa] dk;ZØeksa ds ykxw djus ij xEHkhj vlj Mkyrk gS dgk&
"Keeping in mind the doctrine of Separation of Powers, Judiciary has to exercise considerable restraint to ensure that the surcharged democracy does not lead to a breakdown of the working of Parliament and the so as not to hinder the working the government or Parliament. The Judiciary needs to work in the area demarcated by the constitution. That is my advice to my brother Judges.The Executive has its own compulsions - huge population, lack of resources, high inflation, global economic region etc. As a consequence, online casino litigation has multiplied." U;kf;d tokcnsgh ij casino online polska yk;s tk jgs fcy kasino ds lEca/k ?????? ???????? esa mudk er gS fd tokcnsgh vko';d Thanks to stunning software and graphics, players feel as if they’ve been whisked right into a Vegas casino, while the odds are a whole lot better!Online roulette is an extremely easy game to play. gS ysfdu yksdrkaf=d ns'k esa dkuwu dk jkt dk;e jgus ds fy, Lora= U;k; ikfydk dk gksuk Hkh t#jh gS& "Accountability was essential but an independent judiciary was vital to upholding of rule of law in a democratic country. We want eminent jurists and senior lawyers to debate and suggest harmony and balance between independence and accountabillty,"
U;kf;d tokcnsgh dh c< rh ekax ds Åij eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dikfM ;k us dgk fd ;fn dksbZ tt Hkz"V yxrk gS rks mldk uke mtkxj gksuk pkfg, ysfdu pUn Hkz"V ttst ds dkj.k iwjh U;k;ikfydk dks ,d iyM s (One Basket) esa j[kus ls ijgst djuk pkfg, "If you feel that a judge is corrupt then take a stand and name him in public and tell the Chef Justice instead of making a generalisation. But do not put all judges in one basket. Do not bring the entire judiciary in disrepute,"
yxHkx lok rhu djksM oknksa dh Pendency ij vke turk dh fpark ij lgHkkfxrk n'kkZrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd ge ikap o"kZ ls vf/kd iqjkus oknksa jouer au casino en ligne gratuitement dks fpfUgr dj muds 'kh?kz fuLrkj.k ij tksj nsaxs "This year is going to be 5 Free year for the judiciary."
yafcr oknksa esa yxHkx 74% ¼2 djksM 35 yk[k½ ikap o"kZ ls de le; ds gS rFkk tks vHkh ;k rks nwljh ikVhZ dks uksfVl u tkus ;k mldk i{k u vkus ls Qkby fg;fjax ds fy, ifjiDo ugha gq, gSa "I have written to the Chief Justices of high courts and they have been asked to focus on this 26% of the cases which are over five years old,"
Many things are not rightly projected. Of the 56,383 cases pending in the Supreme Court, 40,000 odd cases are not ready for hearing as service is not complete. The Subordinate judiciary with a judge strength of 12,000 odd has done a tremendous job in disposal of cases. Against a filing of 44 lakh cases, they disposed of 46 lakh cases this year. I am proud to be the Chief Justice,"

viuh ckr dks vkxs c< krs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd MkdsV oMsZu ds vfrfjDr yafcr dslst esa 35 yk[k dslst rks psd vuknj.k ds gS tks nwljh ikVhZ dks uksfVl u loZ gksus ds dkj.k iM s gSaA
dk;ZØe esa ekStwn fof/kea=h lyeku [kq'khZn dks lykg nsrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd ljdkj dks Negotiable Instrument Act  dks ns[kus okys gj dksVZ dks ,d Fkkuk nsuk pkfg, ftlls lEeu dh lfoZl nwljh ikVhZ dks vklkuh ls gks ldsA

Last Updated on Thursday, 18 June 2015 16:07

लोकायुक्त कार्यालय ब्लैकमेलिंग के अड्‌डे?

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Hkz"Vkpkj dgha Hkh gks pkgs NksVk ;k cM k mldk inkZQk'k rks gksuk gh pkfg, rFkk Hkz"Vkpkjh dks ,slk dBksj n.M Hkh feyuk pkfg, fd nwljs yksx blls dkai mBsa ysfdu ftl ij ;g ftEesnkjh gS mudks Hkh ikd&lkQ gksuk t:jh gSA vkbZ-ih-,l- vf/kdkjh e/kqdj 'ksV~Vh ds vkjksi fd ^dqN vf/kdkjh ,d xzqi cukdj ,d foHkkx ls jaxnkjh olwyrs FksA ;g foHkkx Hkh viuk dke djkus ds fy, ;g jde vnk djrk Fkk* us ,d ckj fQj ;g lkfcr dj fn;k gS fd ftu ij Hkz"Vkpkj ij vadq'k yxkus dk ftEek gS os Lo;a Hkz"Vkpkj esa Mwcs gq, gSaA
Kkr gks fd e/kqdj 'ksV~Vh dukZVd ds iwoZ yksdk;qDr U;k;ewfrZ larks"k gsxM ds dk;Zdky esa yksdk;qDr iqfyl foax ds iqfyl v/kh{kd jg pqds gSa vkSj vktdy nks o"kZ ds v/;;u vodk'k ij vesfjdk esa gSaA bu vkjksiksa ds dkj.k tfLVl larks"k gsxM s fooknksa esa Qalrs utj vk jgs gSaA
'ksV~Vh ds vuqlkj Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekStwnk nkSj esa ijs'kku gksdj mUgksaus laLFkku dks T;knk ikjn'khZ vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj eqDr cukus ds fy, ,d fjiksVZ Hkh gsxM s dks lkSaih Fkh ysfdu mUgksaus ml fjiksVZ ij dksbZ dkjZokbZ ugha dhA ;|fi fd bu vkjksiksa dk [k.Mu djrs gq, gsxM s us dgk ^^;g lgh gS fd yksdk;qDr dk;kZy; esa Hkz"V vf/kdkjh Fks ysfdu geus muds f[kykQ dM h dkjZokbZ dhA ;g dguk fd eSa pqi jgk >wB gSA**
vius lsokdky ds vafre nkSj esa bu laoS/kkfud inksa dks ikus ds fy, lÙkk dh pepkxhjh vkSj mudk fgr lk/kus okys dke ftl izdkj yksx djrs gSa mlls budh fu"Bk] pfj= o dk;Z iz.kkyh dV?kjs esa [kM h gks tkrh gSA
larks"k gsxMs dk dk;Zdky lekIr gksus ds ckn ftl rjg dukZVd esa ukVd gqvk og fdlh ls fNik ugha gS dukZVd ds jkT;iky galjkt Hkkj}kt us ftl izdkj Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh ljdkj }kjk yksdk;qDr ds in ds fy, dsjy ds iwoZ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ,l-vkj- cUuwj eV dk uke ;g dgdj fd budk uke fooknksa esa f?kjk jgk gS [kkfjt fd;k vkSj dksbZ ,slk uke lq>kus dh lykg nh tks fooknksa ls u f?kjk gks] iwjh O;oLFkk ij maxyh mBkrk gSA Hkkj}kt us vius dVk{k esa ,d dne vkxs c< rs gq, dgk fd ljdkj dks vxj dksbZ tt ugha fey jgk gS rks xwxy lpZ ij lkQ Nfo okys tt dk uke casino ryk'k ysaA ;g ckr vyx gS fd os Lo;a fdruh lkQ Nfo ds gS lHkh tkurs gSaA
nks eghus in [kkyh jgus vkSj dkQh tn~nkstgn ds ckn tc tfLVl f'kojkt oh ikfVy dh yksdk;qDr in ij fu;qfDr Hkh gqbZ rks mudks nks gh fnu ckn Hkz"Vkpkj ds online pokies vkjksi ij bLrhQk nsuk iM kA tfLVl f'kojkt oh ikfVy spielautomaten online ij vkjksi Fkk fd mUgksaus vius rFkk iRuh ds uke ls nks tehu vkoafVr djk yh FkhA tcfd tfLVl oUuwjeV ij vkjksi Fkk fd mUgksaus cqfu;knh lqfo/kkvksa ds fy, vkjf{kr tehu vius vkokl ds fy, vkoafVr djok yh FkhA
deksos'k lHkh jkT;ksa dh ;gh fLFkfr gSA ;g crkus dh vko';drk ugha fd fdldks D;ksa mid`r casino online fd;k x;kA vej ef.k tekur izdj.k vkt Hkh yksxksa dks vPNh rjg ;kn gS fd dSls vkSj D;ksa mudks tekur nh x;h Fkh ftls ckn esa ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; us u flQZ jn~n dj nh Fkh cfYd ,slh fVIi.kh Hkh dh Fkh tks xfjek dks Bsl igqapkus okyh FkhA blds vfrfjDr ih-,Q- ?kksVkys dh tkap vkt Hkh py jgh gSA
;s yksx vkf[kj vius dk;Zdky ds vafre pj.k esa gh bruh rsth D;ksa fn[kkrs gSa ;g ,d fopkj.kh; fo"k; gSA
mÙkj izns'k ds yksdk;qDr dk;kZy; ds lfpo vkSj vuq lfpo us vius d;kZy; ds ysVjgsM ij vius fuokl dk irk Niok j[kk gS vkSj mlh ij ftlds fo#) f'kdk;r gksrh gS mls i= fy[krs gSaA tc ysVj gsM vkfQfl;y gS rks ml ij fuokl dk irk D;ksa\ vkSj ;fn og futh gS rks ml ij ftlds fo#) f'kdk;r gqbZ gS mlls i= O;ogkj D;ksa\ dgha blfy, rks ugha fd ?kj ij vkdj fefy,\ vkjksih ij ncko cukus ds fy, mldks Hkstk tkus okyk ^xksiuh;* i= mls izkIr gksus ls igys gh iwjk etewu v[kckjksa@U;wt pSuyksa ij tkjh dj fn;k tkrk gSA ;g dSlh xksiuh;rk dk ifjpk;d gSA tcfd mÙkj izns'k yksdk;qDr vkSj mi yksdk;qDr ,DV] 1975 ds lsD'ku 10 ds lc&lsD'ku ¼2½ ds vuqlkj "Every such investigation shall be conducted in private, and in particular, the identity of the complainant and of the public servant affected by the investigation shall not be disclosed to the public or the press whether before, during after the investigation."
vc iz'u gS fd tc vkjksih ds ikl Hkstk tkus okyk i= xksiuh; gS rks mlds ikl igqapus ls igys v[kckj esa dSls Ni tkrk gS tcfd ,DV esa bldh eukgh gSA ,DV ds lsD'ku 15 Secrecy of information ds vuqlkj (1) Any information obtained by the Lokayukta or the Up-Lokayukta or members of their staff in the course of or for collected in connection with such information, shall, subject to the provisions of the proviso to sub-section (2) of Section 10, be treated as confidential..

lcls igys Hkz"Vkpkj ij fuxjkuh djus okys bu laLFkkuks ds dkfjanks dh lEifÙk dh tkap budeVSDl] Hkz"Vkpkj fuokj.k laxBu lh-ch-vkbZ- }kjk djk;h tkuh pkfg,A ftlls bu ij vke yksxksa dk fo'okl dk;e jg ldsA

Last Updated on Monday, 16 March 2015 11:30

सेन इतिहास बनाने से चूके

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ftl ns'k esa Hkz"Vkpkj ds lkSfe= gksa mlesa Hkz"Vkpkj dk dksbZ D;k fcxkM ysxkA ,sls tt dks U;k;ewfrZ@U;k;k/kh'k fy[kus esa dye Xykfu eglwl yxrh gS tks Hkz"Vkpkj dh izfr ewfrZ gksrs gSaA pan Hkz"V ttst ds dkj.k iwjh U;k;kikfydk ij maxfy;ka mBus yxrh gSaA mPp U;k;ikfydk esa ,d iwoZ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds vuqlkj 20 izfr'kr tt Hkz"V gSa rkRi;Z ;g fd tgka ns'k esa 90 izfr'kr usrk o vQlj csbeku o Hkz"V gSa ogka vLlh izfr'kr ttst ds bekunkj gksus ds ckotwn lHkh dks 'kd dh fuxkg ls ns[kk tkus yxk gSA

mPp U;k;ikfydk dh lfØ;rk dk gh ifj.kke gS fd vkt fdrus usrk o vQlj tsy esa gSa ysfdu ;gh U;kf;d lfØ;rk lHkh nyksa ds usrkvksa dh vka[k dh fdjfdjh cu x;hA lkSfe=lsu tSls ttst ds dkj.k usrkvksa dks ,d ckj fQj ttst ij fu;a=.k djus ds fy, ekSdk fey x;k gS rFkk ttst ij udsy dlus dh rS;kjh dj yh gSA

U;k; O;oLFkk esa tokcnsgh ikjnf'kZrk ds fy, gjlaHko iz;kl gksuk pkfg, ysfdu bu iz;klkas ds ihNs ea'kk vke turk dks 'kh?kz U;k; nsus dh gksuh pkfg, u fd Hkz"V usrkvksa] vQljksa ij dkjZokbZ jksdus ds fy,A
lafo/kku esa ttst dks tks Immunity  nh x;h mlds ihNs 'kk;n ;gh ea'kk jgh gksxh fd os fcuk Hk; o ncko ds dke djsa rFkk mudks gVkus dh izfØ;k dks bruk nq#g cuk;k fd budks cukus ls T;knk gVkuk eqf'dy gksA

mPp U;k;ky; ds tt dks gVkus ds fy, lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 217¼1½ ds izsfotks ¼b½ ds vuqlkj "a jude may be removed from his office by the president in the manner provided in clause (4) of Article 124 for the removal of a judge of the Supreme Court."  rkRi;Z ;g fd High Court ds tt dks gVkus ds fy, Hkh ogh izfØ;k gS tks Supreme Court ds tt dks gVkus ds fy, lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 124 ¼4½ esa nh x;h gS ftlds vuqlkj "A judge of Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after andreas by each house of parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that house and by a majority of not less than two third of the member of that house present and voting has been presented to the president in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity."

lkSfe=lsu ls igys oh- jkekLokeh ij 1991 esa QuhZpj [kjhn ?kksVkyk o ih-Mh- fnudju ij tehu ?kkSVkys ds dkj.k egk fu;ksx dh izfØ;k 'kq# gqbZA tgka ih-Mh- fnudju us jkT; lHkk ds tkap ds rkSj rjhdksa ij maxfy;ka mBkrs gq, viuh lsok fuo`fÙk ls ek= 9 eghus igys in R;kx dj bl dk;Zokgh ls cp fudys ogha oh- jkekLokeh ds fo#) rRdkyhu lkaln e/kq naMors }kjk yksdlHkk esa yk;k x;k egkfHk;ksx izLrko fxj x;kA Kkr gks fd orZeku dSfcusV ea=h dfiy flCcy oh- jkekLokeh ds odhy FksA

lkSfe=lsu ij vkjksi gS fd tc os 1992 esa dydÙkk mPp U;k;ky; ds odhy Fks rks mudks ek- mPp U;k;ky; us LVhy vFkkfjVh vkWQ bafM;k o f'kfiax dkiksZjs'ku vkWQ bf.M;k ds ,d ekeys esa fjlhoj fu;qDr fd;k x;k Fkk ftlesa mUgksaus xM cM h dh vkSj vkt ukScr ;gka rd iagqp x;hA

lkSfe=lsu izdj.k us ,d ckj fQj mPp U;k;ky; esa ttst dh fu;qfDr ds rkSj rjhdksa] ekudksa vkSj xksiuh;rk ij dbZ loky [kM s dj fn;s gSaA

¼1½ D;k tc lkSfe=lsu l= 2003 esa mPp U;k;ky; ds tt cuk;s x;s Fks rc dksysft;e dks bl izdjj.k dh tkudkjh ugha Fkh\
¼2½ ftl tt dks lafo/kku esa of.kZr R;kx i= nsus dh izfØ;k rd dk Kku ugha Fkk mlus oknksa ds fuiVkjs dSls fd;s gksaxs\
¼3½ D;k ,sls yksxksa dks tt cukus ds fy, rRdkyhu mPp U;k;ky; rFkk mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysft;e ds ttst ds fo#) dkjZokbZ ugha gksuh pkfg,\

tkap desVh }kjk vkjksi lgh ik;s tkus vkSj jkT; lHkk }kjk egkfHk;ksx ikfjr gks tkus ds ckn lsu ds bLrhQs us ,d ckj fQj ;g fl) dj fn;k fd lÙkk jk"Vª ls cM h gSA jkT; lHkk }kjk egkfHk;ksx ikfjr gksus ds ckn lsu dk ;g ,syku fd os yksdlHkk esa Hkh bldk izfrokn tksjnkj <ax ls djsaxs vkSj vpkud bLrhQk nsuk Hkz"Vkpkj esa fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk dh xycfg;ka dks lkfcr djrk gSA if'pe caxky }kjk dsUnzh; lÙkk dks vinLFk djus dh /kedh us Hkh blesa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk vnk dh gSA bLrhQs dks Lohdkj djds vkuu&Qkuu esa uksVhQkbZ djuk blh dk ,d fgLlk gS D;ksafd lkekU;r;k laoS/kkfud inksa ij cSBk O;fDr tc viuk bLrhQk nsrk gS gS rks og Lor% Lohd`r eku fy;k tkrk gSA ttst ds bLrhQs ds fy, lafo/kku esa izfØ;k gS

"Prov. (a) : Resignation by a Judge.- While in the case of Government servants, in general, a resignation does not become effective unless and until it is accepted by the employer or the competent authority, in the case of certain constitutional dignitaries, such as a Judge of the Supreme Court [Art. 124)1), Prov. (a)] or of a High Court [Art. 217(1), Prov. (a)], no acceptance is required to make the resignation complete. These constitutional dignitaries have the privilege of quitting their office at their unilateral volition and action, by sending to the President a written letter of resignation."

lsu dk bLrhQk Lohdkj gks tkus ds ckn vc Hkz"Vkpkj lkfcr gks tkus ds ckn ,d ckr vkSj lkQ gks x;h fd mPp inksa ij cSBs yksx Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeys esa pksj&pksj ekSlsjs HkkbZ lkfcr gks jgs gSaA
ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ,l-,p- dikfM ;k dh bl lykg ds ckn fd ^Hkz"V ttksa dks laj{k.k u nsa usrk] gesa dkys ifj/kku esa lkQ yksxksa dh t#jr gS rkfd U;kikfydk dh Lora=rk o lR;fu"Bk cuh jgs]* ¼tks mUgksaus ikapos ,e-lh- lhryohM Lekjd O;k[;ku esa dgk Fkk½ dks utjUnkt djrs gq, lsu dks pksj njokts ls fudyus dk ekSdk u nsrsA
lsu ds fo#) yksdlHkk esa Hkh egkfu;ksx ikfjr gks ;k ugha blls dksbZ fo'ks"k QdZ ugha iM rk ysfdu bl izdj.k us ,d ckj fQj ;g mtkxj dj fn;k fd Hkz"V usrk Hkz"Vkpkj ds leFkZd gSa] vkSj ;fn tu psruk u kasyno poland tkxh rks vkxs Hkh jgsaxsA

rduhdh :i ls lkSfe=lsu Hkys gh c[kkZLr gksus ls cp x;s ijUrq U;k;ikfydk dh lk[k dks rks ,sls gh /kDdk yxk tSls fdlh dh yM dh fdlh yM ds ds lkFk ?kj ls Hkkx x;h vc og ml yM ds ls 'kknh djs ;k uk djs ifjokj dh cnukeh rks gh x;hA

ek- mPpre U;k;ky; ds ikap tst dh casp us Krishna Swami V/s Union Of India reported in 1992(4) Scc 605 esa tt ds behaviour ds ckjs esa fy[kk gS& To keep the stream of justice clean and pure, the judge must be blackjack en ligne mac endowed with sterling character, impeccable integrity and upright behaviour. Erosion thereof would undermine the efficacy, of the rule of law and the working of the Constitution itself. The I konklusjon, dette er et ingen innskudds casino med hoy kvalitet, perfekt for tilhengere av spilleautomater og klassiske spill som poker, blackjack, roulette, craps og baccarat. Judges of higher echelons, therefore, should not be mere men of clay with all the frailties and foibles, human failings and weak character which may be found in those in other walks of life. The judges of higher judiciary should be men of fighting faith with tough fibre not susceptible to any pressure, economic, political or any sort. The actual as well as the apparent independence of judiciary would he transparent only when the office holders endow those qualities which would operate as impregnable fortress against surreptitious attempts to undermine the independence of the judiciary. In short the behaviour of the Judge is the bastion for the people to reap the fruits of the democracy, liberty and online casino justice and the antithesis rocks the bottom of the ruse of law.

From this constitutional orientation, let us plough the seeds or roots of causation of “misbehavior in Article 124(4). The Constitution or the pct, obviously, gave no definition of misbehaviour. In Corpus Juris Secun-dum I Volume 58, the word "misbehavior was defined as conduct, improper or unlawful behaviour. It has been held to be synonymous with misconduct. The words and phrases as judicially defined in Volume 3, "misbehavior has been defined as "outrageous or improper conduct".

Black's Law Dictionary, 6th Edition, p. 998, defined 'misbehaviour' as "ill conduct, improper or unlawful behaviour". 'Misconduct' was defined at p. 999 as "A transgression of some established and definite rule of action, a forbidden act, a dereliction from duty, unlawful behaviour, wilful in character, improper or wrong behaviour; its synonyms are misdemeanor, misdeed, misbehaviour, delinquency, impropriety, mismanagement, of-fence, but not negligence or carelessness. 'Misconduct in office' was defined as "Any unlawful behaviour by a public office in relation to the duties of his office, wilful in character. Term embraces acts which the office holder had no right to perform, acts performed improperly, and failure to act in the face of an affirmative duty to act.

In Encyclopedic Law Dictionary, 3rd Edition, at p. 720 'misbehaviour' was defined as “improper or unlawful conduct, generally applied to a breach of duty or propriety by an offier, witness, etc. not amounting to a crime. P. Ramanathan Aiyar's 'The Law Lexicon, Reprint Edition, 1987 defines 'misbehaviour' at p. 820 as "ill conduct; improper or unlawful behaviour" 'Misconduct' was defined at p. 821 as "the term "misconduct" implies a wrongful intention, and not a mere error of judgment. Misconduct is not necessarily the same thing as conduct involving moral turpitude". The word 'misconduct' is a relative term, and has to be construed with reference to the subject matter and the context wherein the term occurs, having regard to the scope of the Act or statute which is being construed. 'Misconduct' literally means wrong conduct or improper conduct". 'Misconduct in office' was defined as "unlawful behaviour or neglect by a public officer, by which the rights of a party have been afflicted.

Every act or conduct or even error of judgment or negligent acts by higher judiciary per se does not amount to misbehaviour. Wilful abuse of judicial office, wilful misconduct in the office, corruption, lack of integrity, or any other offence involving moral turpitude would be misbehaviour. Misconduct implies actuation of some degree of menus rea by the doer. Judicial finding of guilt of grave crime is misconduct. Persistent failure to perform the judicial duties of the judge or wilful abuse of the office doles malus would be misbehaviour. Misbehaviour would extend to conduct of the Judge in or beyond the execution of judicial office. Even administrative actions or omissions too need accompaniment of mense rea. The holder of the office of the judge of the Supreme Court or the High Court should, therefore, be above the conduct of ordinary mortals in the society. The standards of judicial behaviour both on and off the Bench are normally high. The falling moral or ethical standards in the society are no ruse nor refuse to slacken the higher standards of  judicial conduct. The society, therefore, is entitled to expect higher degree of propriety and probity in the ,judicial conduct from higher judiciary. There cannot be any fixed or set principles, but an unwritten code of conduct of well established traditions are the guidelines for judicial conduct. The conduct that tends to undermine the public confidence in the character, integrity and impartiality of the judge must be eschewed. It is expected of him to voluntarily setting forth wholesome standards of conduct reaffirming fitness to higher responsibilities. Even the private life of a judge must adhere to standards of probity and propriety, acceptable to others. They alone would receive confidence and respect from the public.

Last Updated on Monday, 22 June 2015 10:45

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