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पारदर्शिता की सिल्वर लाइन झलकी

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mPpre@mPp U;k;ky; esa ttst dh fu;qfDr VªkalQj 'kq# ls gh fooknksa ds ?ksjs esa jgk gSA tcrd ;g ljdkj ds gkFk esa Hkh mldh vkykspuk gksrh Fkh tcls lqizhe dksVZ dksysft;e ds ek/;e ls gksus yxh ogha vkjksi ml ij yxus yxsA bu vkjksiksa@fooknksa ds okftc dkj.k Hkh FksA ,d vge loky [kM+k gksrk Fkk fd ,d izR;kosnu dks ^Speaking and reasoned order* ls fuLrkfjr djus dk jkst vkns'k nsus okyk laLFkku vius ;gka ds loksZPp in ¼U;k;ewfrZ½ ij fu;qfDr izfØ;k esa xksiuh;rk D;ksa j[krk FkkA

bl vkykspuk esa tfLVl t;Ur iVsy ds LFkkukurj.k us vkx esa ?kh dk dke fd;kA turk esa ;g Hkze iSnk gks x;k fd tfLVl iVsy dk LFkkukurj.k ljdkj ds b'kkjs ij fd;k x;k gS D;ksafd xqtjkr gkbZdksVZ esa rSukrh ds nkSjku mudh csap us xqtjkr naxksa dh lhchvkbZ tkap dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA Kkr gks fd tfLVl t;Ur iVsy dks dukZVd ls bykgkckn gkbZdksVZ VªkalQj dj fn;k x;k Fkk ftlds fojks/k esa mUgksaus vius in ls bLrhQk ns fn;kA muds bl VªkalQj dks xqtjkr] fnYyh ,oa dukZVd gkbZdksVZ ckj us muds mRihM+u ds :i esa ekurs gq, vkanksyu fd;k rFkk mlls lacaf/kr ,d ;kfpdk Hkh lqizhe dksVZ esa nkf[ky gqbZA

pkjks vksj gks jgh vkykspuk ds en~ns utj lqizhe dksVZ dksysft;e us viuh dk;Ziz.kkyh esa ikjnf'kZrk ykus ds mn~ns'; ls ttst dh fu;qfDr muds LFkk;hdj.k rFkk LFkkukUrj.k ls tqM+h gj tkudkjh viuh osclkbV ij Mkyus dk fu.kZ; 3 vDVwcj dh dksysft;e dh cSBd esa fy;k ftldk gj oxZ us Lokxr fd;kA dksysft;e Lohd`r izLrko esa dgk fd dksysft;e dh xksiuh;rk cjdjkj j[krs gq, ikjnf'kZrk ykus ds fy, ;g fu.kZ; fy;k x;k gSA

ikjnf'kZrk bZekunkjh dk igyk lksiku gS tcfd xksiuh;rk Hkz"Vkpkj dh tuuh o Discretion mldk ikyu iks"k.kdrkZ gSA

Lokra=;ksÙkj Hkkjr esa turk dks nks vf/kdkj] ,d U;k;ikfydk }kjk ,d fo/kkf;dk }kjk ,sls feys ftlls mldk vkSj ns'k dk cgqr dqN Hkyk gks ldrk Fkk ysfdu vQlksl ,d dk lgh mi;ksx ugha gks ik jgk gS tcfd nwljs dk mi;ksx ftEesnkj inksa ij cSBs yksx ckf/kr dj jgs gSaA ;s vf/kdkj gSa tufgr ;kfpdk o lwpuk dk vf/kdkjA ;s nksuksa ,d nwljs ds iwjd gSa rFkk nksuksa dk mn~ns'; turk dks vU;k; ls cpkuk rFkk ftEesnkj yksxksa ds dke&dkt esa ikjnf'kZrk lqfuf'pr djuk gSA

yksdra= ds LrEHk fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk o U;k;ikfydk ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd bl ikjnf'kZrk ds iwjh rjg ls f[kykQ gS D;ksafd ;fn ,slk u gksrk rks eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ls ysdj iz/kkuea=h rd lc vius dks lwpuk vf/kdkj dkuwu ls ckgj j[kus dh ckr u djrsA vHkh dqN le; iwoZ mPpre U;k;ky; o mPp U;k;ky; ;gk¡ rd dh eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dh fu;qfDr esa ikjnf'kZrk ,oa tokcnsgh lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds rgr tkudkfj;k¡ ekaxh tkus yxha tks U;k;ikfydk dks cgqr ukxokj xqtjha tcfd U;k;ikfydk esa tulkekU; dk fo'okl iquZLFkkfir djus ds fy, ;g u flQZ U;k;laxr gS cfYd t:jh Hkh gSA

igys dsUnz ljdkj dh flQkfj'k ij fu;qfDr;k¡ gksrh Fkha ckn esa mPpre U;k;ky; ,d tqfMfl;y vkMZj djds viuh dksysft;e ds ek/;e ls fu;qfDr;k¡ djus yxk ysfdu fookn o cgl dks fojke ugha yxkA ftlds ihNs egRoiw.kZ dkj.k Hkh gSA tc dsUnz dh flQkfj'k ij fu;qfDr;k¡ gksrh Fkha rc Hkh tt cuus dh ;ksX;rk ekius dk dksbZ ekin.M ugha Fkk] ikVhZ ds vuq'kkflr odhy dk;ZdÙkkZ dks tt cuk fn;k tkrk Fkk vc tc mPp U;k;ky; dks dksysft;e dh fu;qfDr dh flQkfj'k ij mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysft;e fu;qfDr dh flQkfj'k djrh gS rks Hkh ;ksX;rk ekius dk dksbZ fu/kkZfjr ekin.M ugha gS vkSj ;fn dksbZ gS Hkh rks og xqIr gSA ;g ek= dqN lhfu;j ttksa dk Discretion gS ftldks ekudj mPpre U;k;ky; ds dksysft;e ds lnL; vius Discretion ds vk/kkj ij fu.kZ; djrs gSa ftldk urhtk gS fd dqN fu;qfDr;ksa ls U;k;ikfydk dh xfjek dks vk?kkr yxk gSA ,slk dbZ ckj gks pqdk gS fd mPpre U;k;ky; dh dksysfTk;e mPp U;k;ky; ds dksfyft;e }kjk vxzlkfjr ukeksa dks vLohdkj dj nsrk gSA dHkh dHkh rks ljdkj Hkh ekuus ls budkj dj nsrh gS D;k bl ns'k dh turk dks ;g tkuus dk vf/kdkj ugha gS fd fdl vk/kkj ij ttst dh fu;qfDr gsrq uke Hksts x;s vkSj fdu dkj.kksa ls mudks vLohd`r dj fn;k x;k\

vkt yk[k Vds dk loky gS fd brus egRoiw.kZ in ij fu;qfDr ds fy, D;k dksbZ Criteria ¼ekin.M½ gS\ ttst dh fu;qfDr ds fy, lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 217 ¼1½ o ¼2½ esa LFkk;h rFkk vuqPNsn 224 esa ,fM'kuy ttst dh fu;qfDr dk izko/kku fd;k x;k gSA H.M. Seervai ds Constitutional law of India ds pkSFks laLdj.k esa ml ij fy[kk gS&

"...That procedure was designed to test the fitness of a person to be appointed a High Court Judge; his character, his integrity and his campetence in various branches of the law, and the like. In recruiting a person from the Bar, his experience in defferent kinds of litigation would also be taken in to account"

ttst dh fu;qfDr esa ,d fuf'pr Criteria dk u gksuk bldh xfjek o U;k; dh xq.koÙkk nksuks dks izHkkfor dj jgk gSA tc 10'x10'/4 ds pSEcj ds ,YkkVes.V ds fy, Criteria fu/kkZfjr djuk vko';d gS tSlk fd ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ nsoh izlkn flag o U;k;ewfrZ vYyk jge dh ihB us fot; 'kadj f=ikBh ,oa vU; cuke ekuuh; mPp U;k;ky; bykgkckn ,oa vU; esa tks [2007(25) LCD 1266] esa fjiksVZM gS ,ykVeasV fyLV dks Quash djrs gq, fy[kk gS&

"Opposite parties may proceed afresh to allot the chambers ofter formulating the criteria...." rc ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa dksbZ Criteria D;ksa ugha\

bruk gh ugha ofj"B vf/koDrk ukfer djus ds fy, Full court dh jk; t:jh gS rks tt dh fu;qfDr esa flQZ rhu dh gh jk; D;ksa\ ikjnf'kZrk ds vHkko o Discretion dk Qk;nk mBkrs gq, ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa ^va/kk ckaVs jsoM+h viqfg vkiqfg ys;* dh dgkor pfjrkFkZ gksrh gSA Discretion ds lhfer mi;ksx ij In Supreme Court Advocate-on-Record Association & others V/s Union of India Reported in 1993(4) SCC 441 speaking for the majority Hon'ble J.S. Verma J held".... the reduction of the area of discretion to the minimum, the element of plurality of Judges in formation of the opinion of the Chief Justice of India effective consultation in writing and  prevailing norms to regulate the area of discretion are Sufficient checks" ysfdu okLro esa gks blds myVk jgk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd bruh deh ds ckotwn ukeksa ij lgefr ugha cu ikrh gSA

ttksa dh fu;qfDr dks ysdj tks iz'u lkeus vk jgs gSa os u flQZ vuqÙkfjr gSa cfYd iwjh&iwjh U;k;ikfydk dks dV?kjs esa [kM+k djus okys gSa vkSj flQZ ttst dh gh fu;qfDr ugha bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; esa pkj o"kZ iwoZ rd yxHkx 40 o"kksZa esa prqFkZ Js.kh dh fu;qfDr ds fy, Hkh ,d Hkh foKkiu ugha fudyk Fkk r`rh; Js.kh esa lSdM+ksa fu;qfDr;k¡ euekus <ax ls dh x;h vkf[kj D;ksa\ D;k ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dk [ksy ugha gS\

yxHkx jkst gh ikjnf'kZrk dh /kqu ctkus okys U;k;ky; dkuwu ls Åij gS\ vkf[kj ikjnf'kZrk ls bruh ?kcM+kgV D;ksa\ ttksa dh fu;qfDr ds ckjs esa lwpuk lkoZtfud djus ds fy, Central Information Commission us tks funsZ'k tkjh fd;k Fkk mls mPpre U;k;ky; us viuh gh dksVZ esa pqukSrh ns nhA eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dks Right to Information Act ds ambit esa gksus ds fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds] fu.kZ; ij rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds-th- ckykd`".kuu~ us ;g vkifÙk mBk;h fd ttst dh fu;qfDr;ksa ls lacaf/kr tkudkfj;k¡ losan'khy gS ftUgsa lkoZtkfud ugha fd;k tk ldrkA ;g ckr le> ls ijs gS fd fdlh Hkh fu;qfDr esa mlls lEcaf/kr tkudkjh fdl fygkt+ ls laosnu'khy gS flok; Hkz"Vkpkj dsA blls myV tc p;u izfØ;k ikjn'khZ o ekin.M vk/kkfjr gksrh gS rks ,slh fu;qfDr;ksa esa tu fo'okl dk Hkh lekos'k gksrk gSA fu;qfDr lEca/kh lwpuk lkoZtkfud u djuk mlesa Hkz"Vkpkj dh vk'kadk dks tUe nsrk gSA

Kkr gks fd tc ttst dh fu;qfDr dsUnz ljdkj }kjk dh tkrh Fkh rks 1981 esa Lo;a mPpre U;k;ky; us gh fu;qfDr ls lacaf/kr lwpukvksa dks lkoZtfud djus dk funsZ'k nsrs gq, S.P. Gupta V/s Union of India Reported in AIR 1982 SC 149 esa observe fd;k& "....Sometimes it is difficult to recruit competent judges and no useful purpose is served by appointing mediocre judges who ultimately would not be able to make any impact so far as the arrears of pending cases are concerned and who would dilute the quality of justice administered in the High Court."

"....Now it is obvious from the Constitution that we have adopted a democratic form of Government. Where a society has chosen to accept democracy as its creedal faith, it is elementary that the citizens ought to know what their government is doing. The citizens have a right to decide by whom and by what rules they shall be governed and they are entitled to call on those who govern on their behalf to account for their conduct. No democratic government can survive without accountability and the basic postulate of accountability is that the people should have information about the functioning of the government. It is only if people know how government is functioning that they can fulfill the role which democracy assigns to them and make democracy a really effective participatory democracy. "Knowledge" said James Madison, "will for ever govern ignorance and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power knowledge gives. A popular government without popular information or the means of obtaining it. is but a prologue to a farce or tragedy or perhaps both." The citizens' right, to know the facts, the true facts, about, the administration of the country is thus one of the pillars of a democratic State. And that is why the demand for openness in the government is increasingly growing in defferent parts of the world."

"....    The demand for openness in the government is based principally on two reasons. It is now widely accepted that democracy, does not consist merely in people exercising their franchise once in five years to choose their rules and, once the vote is cast, then retiring in passivity and not taking any interest in the government. Today it is common ground that democracy has a moralities content and its orchestration has to be continuous and pervasive. This means inter alia that people should not only cast intelligent and rational votes but should also emeralds sound judgment on the conduct of the government and the merits of public policies; so that democracy does not remain merely a sporadic exercise in voting but becomes a continuous process of government--an attitude and habit of mind. But this important role people can fulfill in a democracy only if it is an open government where there is full access to information in regard to the functioning of the government."

"....    A democratic government, however, though it must compete with these other types of organisation, has a task which is complicated by its obligations to the people. It needs the trust of the governed. It. cannot, use the plea of secrecy to hide from the people its basic aims. On the contrary it must explain these aims: It must provide the justification for them and give the facts both for and against a selected course of action. Now must such information be provided only at one level and through one means of communication? A government which pursues secret aims, or which operates in greater secrecy than the effective conduct of its proper functions requires, or which turns information services into propaganda agencies, will loose the trust of the people. It will be countered by ill-informed and destructive criticism. Its critics will try to break down all barriers erected to preserve secrecy and they will disclose all that they can by whatever means, discover. As a result matters will be revealed when they ought to remain secret in the interests of the nation."

"....    We have no doubt that high level constitutional functionaries like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India would not be deterred from performing their constitutional duty of expressing their views boldly and fearlessly even if they were told that the correspon- dence containing their views might subsequently be disclosed, If, to quote the words of Lord Pearce in Conway v. rimmer 1968 AC 910 (supra) "there are countless teachers at schools and universities, countless employers of labour, who write candid reports, unworried by the outside chance of disclosure" here is no reason to suspect that high level constitutional functionaries like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India would flinch and falter in expressing their frank and sincere views when performing their constitutional duty. We have already dealt with the argument based on the need for candour and frankness and we must reject it in its application to the case of holders of high constitutional offices like the Chief Justice of a High Court and the Chief Justice of India. Be it noted -- and of this we have no doubt -- that our Chief Justices and Judges are made of sterner stuff; they have inherited a long and ancient tradition of independence and impartiality they are by training and experience as also by their oath of office dedicated to the cause of justice administered without fear or favour, affection or ill-will and in fact there is no power on earth which can deflect them from the path of rectitude. We find it difficult to believe that they would not act as Judges but as weak kneed and ef-fete individuals afraid to express their views lest they might come to be known to others and provoke criticism. Confidentiality is not a head of privilege and the need for confidentiality of high level communications without more cannot sustain a claim for immunity against disclosure. Vide Science Research Council v. Nassa (1979) 3 All ER 673 and particularly the observations of Lord Scarman at pp. 697 and 698. Even if a document be confidential, it must be produced, notwithstanding its confide- ntiality, if it is necessary for fairly disposing of the case, unless it can be shown that its disclosure would otherwise be injurious to public interest. "

"....    There might be difference of views between the Chief Justice of the High Court and the Chief Justice of India but so long as the views are held bona fide by the two Chief Justices, we do not see why they should be worried about the disclosure of their views? Why should they feel embarrassed by public discu-ssion or debate of the views expressed by them when they have acted bona fide with the greatest care and circums-pection and after mature deliberation. We also find it difficult to agree that if the differing views of the two Chief Justices become known to the outside world, the public discussion and debate that might ensue might have the effect of lowering the dignity and prestige of one or the other of the two Chief Justices. When the differing views of the two Chief Justices are made public as a result of disclosure, there would certainly be public discussion and debate in regard to those views with some criticizing one view and some criticizing the other, but that cannot be helped in a democracy where the right of free speech and expression is a guaranteed right and if the views have been expressed by the two Chief Justices with proper care and deliberation and a full sense of responsibility in discharge of a constitutional duty, there is no reason why the two Chief Justices should worry about public criticism. We fail to see how such public criticism could have the effect of undermining the prestige and dignity of one or the other Chief Justice. So long as the two Chief Justices have acted honestly and bona fide with full consciousness of the heavy responsibility that rests upon them in matters of this kind, we do not think that any amount of public criticism can affect their prestige and dignity. But if either on the two Chief Justices has acted carelessly or improperly or irresponsibly or out of oblique motive, his view would certainly toe subjected public criticism and censure and that might show him in poor light and bring him down in the esteem of the people, but that will be the price which he will have to pay for his remissness in discharge of his constitutional duty, No Chief Justice or Judge should be allowed to hide his improper or irresponsible action under the cloak of secrecy. If any Chief Justice or Judge has behaved improperly or irresponsibly or in a manner not befitting the high office he holds, there is no reason why his action should not be exposed to public gaze. We believe in an open Government and openness in Government does not mean openness merely in the functioning of the executive arm of the State. The same openness must characterise the functioning of the judicial apparatus including judicial appointments and transfers. Today the process of judicial appointments and transfers is shrouded in mystery. The public does not know how judges are selected and appointed or transferred and whether any and if so what, principles and norms govern this process. The exercise of the power of appointment and transfer remains a sacred ritual whose mystery is confined only to a handful of high priests, namely, the Chief Justice of the High Court, the Chief Minister of the State, the Law Minister of the Central Government and the Chief Justice of India in case of appointment or non-appointment or non-appointment of a High Court Judge and the Law Minister of the Central Government and the Chief Justice of India in case of appointment of a Supreme Court Judge or transfer of a High Court Judge. The mystique of this process is kept secret and confidential between just a few individuals, not more than two or four as the case may be, and the possibility cannot therefore be ruled cut that howsoever highly placed may be these individuals, the process may on occasions result in making of wrong appointments and transfers and may also at times, though fortunately very rare, lend itself to nepotism, political as well as personal and even trade-off. We do not see any reason why this process of appointment and transfer of Judges should be regarded as so sacrosanct that no one should be able to pry into it and it should be protected against disclosure at all events and in all circumstances. In fact, the possibility of subsequent disclosure would act a an effective check against carelessness, impetuosity, arbitrariness or mala fides on the part of the Central Government, the Chief Justice of the High Court and the Chief Justice of India and ensure bona fide and correct approach, objective and dispassionate consideration, mature thought and deliberation and proper application of mind on their part in discharging their constitutional duty in regard to appointments and transfers of Judges. ...."

blds vfrfjDr iVuk mPp U;k;ky; ds rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ds-ch-,u- flag dk LFkkukUrj.k tc enzkl mPp U;k;ky; ds fy, dj fn;k Fkk rks Hkkjr ds rRdkyhu eq[; U;k;k/kh'k okbZ-oh- pUnzpwM+ us vius gh U;k;ky; ¼mPpre U;k;ky;½ esa bl ckr dk gyQukek nkf[ky fd;k fd bl LFkkukUrj.k ds ihNs dksbZ nqHkkZouk ugha fNih gSA

tc iwoZ esa bl izdkj ds mnkgj.k ekStwn gSa fd eq[; U;k;k/kh'k Lo;a gyQukek nkf[ky djrs gSa vkSj mPpre U;k;ky; dk;Zikfydk dks fu;qfDr laca/kh nLrkost lkoZtfud djus dk vkns'k ns ldrh gS rks vc ;g fNiko D;ksa\ dqN le; iwoZ blh mPp U;k;ky; ds ,d U;k;ewfrZ dh fu;qfDr dks pqukSrh nh x;h rks ihB ds bl vkns'k ds ckotwn fd ^,izSty fjiksVZ* lhy cUn fyQkQs esa dksVZ esa nkf[ky dh tk;] nkf[ky ugha dh x;h cfYd ekeys dks mPpre U;k;ky; esa LFkkuUrfjr dj fn;k x;k vkSj og ^vizSty fjiksVZ* lkoZtfud ugha gqbZA

dqN le; iwoZ fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k vftr izdk'k 'kkg us mPpre U;k;ky; esa viuh fu;qfDr u gksus ij fcnkbZ lekjksg esa dgk Fkk ^^;g turk r; djs fd mudh fu;qfDr mPpre U;k;ky; esa D;ksa ugha gqbZ** mUgksaus vkxs dksysft;e }kjk ttksa dh fu;qfDr ij dgk fd ;fn fdlh tt dh ojh;rk dks utjvankt fd;k tkrk gS rks mlds fy, dkj.k crk;k tkuk pkfg,A mudh bl vo/kkj.kk dks etcwrh iznku djrs gq, ns'k ds dbZ vU; eq[; U;k;k/kh'kksa ,oa U;k;fonkas us dgk dksysft;e }kjk ttksa dh fu;qfDr;ksa esa ;ksX;rk dks rjthg u nsdj lkSnsckth gksrh gSA

ttst dh Opaque fu;qfDr iz.kkyh ij laln dh LFkk;h lfefr ds Views dqN bl izdkj gSa&
"The closed system prevailing now is not getting meritorious persons called to the Bench... till the warrant of appointment is issued by the president, it is maintained as secret. It is the democratic principle. Committee further said that aspirants name merits and the selections process shall be made public and transparent."

U;k; nsus dh i}fr (Justice Delivery system) esa odhyksa o ttst  nksuks dh  honesty o Integrity dk cgqr vge jksy gS 'kk;n ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd odkyr dks Noble profession o ttst dks 'My Lords' dgk x;kA blfy, ttksa dh fu;qfDr esa Entry Point ¼fopkj ds fy, ukeksa ds p;u½ ij gh lcls vf/kd lko/kkuh cjrus dh vko';drk gksrh gSA

vkt tc ns'k esa Hkz"Vkpkj fodjky :i /kkj.k dj pqdk gS] ftls dkuwuh vL= izgkj ls gh ijkLr fd;k tk ldrk gS ftlds fy, l{ke dkuwu] ikjn'khZ U;k; iz.kkyh rFkk bekunkj] fu"i{k QSlyk nsus okys ttksa dh vko';drk gSA gekjs lafo/kku esa U;k;ikfydk dk Concept vesfjdk ls fy;k x;k gS tgk¡ 19oha lnh ls gh U;k;k/kh'kksa dh fu;qfDr lh/ks fcuk jktuhfrd gLr{ksi ds dh tkrh gS tcfd gekjs ;gk¡ ttksa dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k u flQZ vikjn'khZ gS cfYd mlesa ?ku?kksj jktuhfrd gLr{ksi Hkh gksrk gSA

ttt dh fu;qfDr esa bUgha fofHkUu izdkj ds gLr{ksiksa@Hkz"Vkpkjksa dks Nqikus ds fy, gj laHko dksf'k'ksa gksrh gSa bldks tu lkekU; rks NksfM+;s blds vk/kkj LrEHk odhy Hkh u tku ik;s fd fdu&fdu ds ukeksa ij fopkj gks jgk gS] u tku ik;s fd fdl Criteria ij fopkj gks jgk gSA

vikjnf'kZrk ¼xksiuh;rk½ Hkz"Vkpkj dh tuuh gS bl ckr ls izekf.kr gksrh gS fd nqfu;k ds nl Hkz"Vre ns'kksa esa fdlh esa Hkh lwpuk dk vf/kdkj ugha gS tcfd nl lcls bekunkj ns'kksa esa ukS esa vf/kdkj dh vktknh gSA laoS/kkfud laLFkkvksa esa ikjnf'kZrk ds vHkko esa gh Hkz"Vkpkj dh tM+s QSy pqdh gSaA fu;qfDr ds igys ukeksa dks xksiuh; j[kus dk dkj.k Hkh 'kk;n ;gh gS fd ,d ckj uke pys tkus vkSj okjaV tkjh gks tkus ds ckn fQj dksbZ dqN ugha dj ldrkA

vHkh ckj ls fu;qfDr ds fy, ,d ;ksX;rk gS fd odhy dk nl o"kZ iqjkuk bUjksyes.V 'Right to practice' dk gksuk pkfg,A vc iz'u mBrk gS fd 10 o"kZ ds bUjksyes.V okys rks gtkjksa odhy gSa muesa ls fdldks pquk tk jgk gS blds fy, ekin.M fu/kkZfjr djuk vko';d gSA fcuk Criteria fu/kkZfjr fd, ukeksa dks vxzlkfjr djuk Arbitrariness dh Js.kh esa vkrk gSA brus egRoiw.kZ in ij fu;qfDr vxj fcuk Criteria fu/kkZfjr fd;s gksrh gS rks ;g vlaoS/kkfud fu;qfDr dh gh Js.kh esa vk;sxhA

vkt mPp U;k;ky; o mPpre U;k;ky; ds fu;qfDr e.My ¼dksysft;e½ dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k 'Tap on the Shoulder Method' ij vk/kfjr gS tks u flQZ xksiuh; gS cfYd xSj tokcnsg Hkh gS vkSj blh dk Qk;nk mBkrs gq, dsUnz ljdkj U;k;k/kh'kksa dh fu;qfDr dk vf/kdkj vius gkFk esa ysus ds fy, ,u-ts-,-lh- yxk;h ftls lqizhe dksVZ us U;k; esa gLr{ksi ekurs gq, [kkfjt djrs gq, fu;qfDr dk vf/kdkj vius gh ikl lqjf{kr j[kkA

vc ;fn bl laoS/kkfud laLFkk esa tu fo'okl dh cgkyh djuh gS rks ttst dh fu;qfDr izfØ;k dks iw.kZ ikjn'khZ cukuk gksxkA bl vksj lwpuk,a lkoZtfud djuk ,d egRoiw.kZ izLFkku fcUnq gS ijUrq eafty gkfly djus ds fy, vko';d gS Deserving dh Desirability dks Eligibility dh Criteria ds fudl ij dldj gh Suitability eki dj fu;qfDr izfØ;k dks vkxs c<+k;k tk;A




Last Updated on Friday, 27 October 2017 12:54

कोर्ट प्रोसिडिंग की रिकार्डिंग हो

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Hkz"Vkpkj flQZ vkfFkZd gh ugha gksrkA vkpj.kxr] uhfrxr o oSpkfjd Hkz"Vkpkj Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj gh gksrk gSA uhfrxr o oSpkfjd Hkz"Vkpkj rks vkfFkZd Hkz"Vkpkj ls T;knk ?kkrd o gkfudkjd gksrk gSA ,sls le; esa tc vktknh ds 70 o"kksZa ckn Hkh fo/kkf;dk o O;oLFkkfidk ls ns'k dh vf/kdka'k turk iw.kZ :i ls fujk'k o grk'k gks pqdh gS] mldk eksgHkax gks x;k gS] ys nsdj FkksM+h cgqr ¼iwjh ugha½ vk'kk U;k;ikfydk ij dsfUnzr gS D;ksafd xkgs&cxkgs U;k;ky; ,sls tufgr ds fu.kZ; ns nsrs gSa ftlls ml ij Hkjkslk djus dk fo'okl tkxrk gSA

vkt mPpre U;k;ky; ls ysdj jkT;ksa ds mPp U;k;ky;ksa] v/khuLFk U;k;ky;ksa fofHkUu U;kf;d Qksjeksa ds U;k;k/kh'kksa ls ysdj ihBklhu vf/kdkjh;ksa rFkk vf/koDrkvksa ds dk;Z] O;ogkj vkSj vkpj.k ij lokfy;k fu'kku mBus yxs gSa rFkk U;k;ky; ifjljksa esa ce foLQksV] xksyhckjh vkSj gR;k tSlh vkradoknh ?kVuk,a gksus yxh gS] odhyksa] eqvfDdyksa] deZpkfj;ksa ds chp ekjihV gksus yxh gS rks ;g vR;Ur vko';d gks x;k gS fd dksVZ :e lfgr iwjs U;k;ky; ifjlj esa vkfM;ks ohfM;ksa dSejs yxk;s tk;sa ftlesa iy&iy dk C;ksjk fjdkMZ gks vkSj oDr t#jr ij dke vk;sA

turk dks ;g tkuus dk vf/kdkj gS fd U;k;ky;ksa esa D;k gks jgk gS\ eqdneksa esa flQZ rkjh[ksa D;ksa fdldh otg ls cny jgh gSa\ U;k;k/kh'k eqdneksa dk fuLrkj.k fdl rjg dj jgs gSa\ odhy fu;r le; ij vkrsa gSa ;k ugha vkrs gSa rks cgl djrs gSa ;k ugha\

U;k; dh gekjh iqjkuh iapk;r i)fr jgh gSA iapk;rksa esa xkao okyksa ds lkeus U;k; gksrk FkkA vc rks lqj{kk dkj.kksa ls yksx U;k;ky; esa izos'k ls Hkh oafpr gks x, gSa] blds fy, Hkh dbZ izfØ;k ls xqtjuk iM+rk gSA vktknh ds 70 o"kksZa ds ckn Hkh ge vaxzsth flLVe ds xqyke gSa geus eqdnekas dh lquokbZ ds fy, vaxzsth i)fr viukbZ gSA

U;k;ky;ksa dh leLr dk;Zokfg;ksa dk izlkj.k laHko ugha gS ysfdu bruk rks fd;k gh tk ldrk gS fd lHkh U;k;ky;ksa esa vkfM;ks ohfM;k dSejs yxk;s tk;a rFkk mudh fjdkfMZax fu;fer #i ls dh tk; rFkk lqjf{kr j[kh tk;A ,slk djus ls U;k;f;d izfØ;k ls tqM+s lHkh rcdksa ds vUnj ftEesnkjh dh Hkkouk tkx`r gksxh rFkk ikjnf'kZrk Hkh vk;sxh ftlls vk;s fnu gksus okys nks"kkjksi.k ls dkQh gn rd eqDrh feysxhA

vnkyrksa esa vk;s fnu gks jgs >xM+s] nqO;oZgkj] vkradoknh ?kVuk,a] xksyh ckjh vkfn dh tc fjdkfMZax ekStwn jgsxh rks nksf"k;ksa dks fpfUgr djus mudks n.M nsus esa Hkh lgwfy;r gksxhA vHkh D;k gksrk gS fd U;k;ky; eas lquokbZ ds nkSjku ihBklhu vf/kdkjh vkSj vf/koDrk ds chp tc vfiz; okn&fookn gks tkrk gS rks ihBklhu vf/kdkjh vf/koDrk ds Åij voekuuk dk lanHkZ cukdj lanfHkZr dj nsrs gSa rFkk mudh ckr dks xkLisy VªFk ekudkj ,sls vf/koDrkvksa tks ml fnu U;k;ky; esa Hkh ugha vk;s gksrsa gSa dkjZokbZ 'kq# gks tkrh gSA izrkix<+] vyhx<+] xks.Mk bR;kfn ds ekeys blesa mnkgj.k gSaA bldk ,d cM+k Qk;nk vkSj gksxk fd ikjnf'kZrk jgsxh dk;Zokgh ij maxyh ugha mBsxh U;k;k/kh'k Hkh ftEesnkj cusaxs rFkk odhy dh Hkh ;ksX;rk fn[ksaxh rFkk U;k;ky; esa mudk dk;Z O;ogkj nq#Lr jgsxkA

vHkh eqdneksa dh lquokbZ [kqys U;k;ky;ksa esa dh tkrh gSA bl i)fr dh iz'kalk djrs gq, ,Eyhu us ^LVsV Vªk;Yl* dh Hkwfedk esa fy[kk Fkk&^nwljs ns'kksa esa U;k;] njokts cUn djds fd;k tkrk gS] ysfdu gekjs ns'k esa U;k; djrs le; U;k;ky; ds njokts [kqys jgrs gSa* vkSj cSUFke us rks ;gka rd dg fn;k Fkk fd ^xksiuh;rk ds va/kdkj esa dbZ LokFkhZ fgr vkSj cqjkb;ka izos'k ys ysrh gSaA ,slh fLFkfr esa dsoy izpkj gh ,slk ek/;e gS] tks vU;k; dks fu;af=r dj ldrk gSA tgka izpkj ugha gS ogka U;k; ugha gSA izpkj ¼ifCyflVh½ U;k; dh vkRek gSA* ¼1911 vky baXyS.M fjiksVZj 30½ cSUFke dk ;g fopkj gh vkt gekjs ns'k esa ^ehfM;k Vªk;y* ds :i esa izfl) gqvk gSA ehfM;k] tks yksdra= dks izpkfjr ,oa izlkfjr djds 'ksf"krksa ,oa ihfM+rksa dks U;k; fnykus esa lQy jgk gSA

dksVksZa esa tks nqHkkZX; iw.kZ ?kVuk,a ?kfVr gqbZ mlesa ;g ek;us ugha j[rk gS fd dkSu thrk dkSu gkjk] gkj thr rks fdlh dh gqbZ gks ysfdu bruk rks r; gS fd ;g laLFkk ¼U;k;ikfydk½ gkjrh vkSj bldh xfjek dks Bsl Hkh yxrh gSA ;fn dksVZ:e esa vkfM;ks fofM;ks] dSejk yxk gks rks ;g cgqr vklku gks tkrk fd dksVZ dh voekuuk fdlus dh vkSj nks"kh dks bldh mfpr ltk feyrh jgsxhA

v/khuLFk U;k;ky;ksa dh leLr dk;Zokgh dks vkfM;ks ohfM;ks fjdkfMaZx djds lqjf{kr j[kus ds dkuwu ea=ky; ds izLrko ij ykW deh'ku ¼fof/k vk;ksx½ us Hkh viuh lgefr ns nh FkhA blh ekpZ esa lqizhe dksVZ us v/khuLFk U;k;ky; ds nks dksVksZa dh fjdkfMZax dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA ttes.V vktrd dh cgqr iqjkuh ekax Fkh fd iwjh dksVZ izksflfMax dh vkfM;ks ohfM;ks fjdkfMZax djk;h tk; vkSj ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd gekjh ;g eqfge dke;kc gksrh fn[k jgh gS vHkh lqizhe dksVZ dh ekuuh; U;k;ewfrZ vkns'k dqekj xks; ,oa U;k;ewfrZ ;w-;w-yfyr dh csap us U;k;ikfydk esa ikjnf'kZrk ykus ds mn~ns'; ls lHkh jkT;ksa o dsanz 'kkflr izns'kksa dh fupyh vnkyrksa esa vnkyr dh dk;Zokgh dks fjdkWMZ djus ds fy, lh-lh-Vh-oh- dSejs yxkus ds fy, dgk gSA 'kh"kZ vnkyr us dgk fd vc le; vk x;k gS fd vnkyrh dk;Zokgh ds gj 'kCn dks fjdkMZ fd;k tk,A

U;k;ewfrZ vkn'kZ dqekj xks;y vkSj U;k;ewfrZ ;w-;w- yfyr dh ihB us ;g Hkh loky fd;k fd D;ksa ugha lqizhe dksVZ vkSj gkbZdksVZ esa gksus okyh vnkyrh dk;Zokgh dks Hkh fjdkMZ fd;k tk,A ihB us dgk] ^ge dksVZ vkWQ fjdkMZ gSA ,sls esa gekjk gj 'kCn fjdkMZ gksuk pkfg,A gesa blesa dksbZ ijs'kkuh ugha utj vkrhA* ihB us lHkh 24 gkbZdksVZ dks vnkyr d{k ds Hkhrj vkSj vnkyr ifjlj esa lh-lh-Vh-oh- dSejs yxkus dh izfØ;k 'kq: djus ds fy, dgk gSA bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; dh y[kuÅ ihB esa ;g O;oLFkk igys ls gh ekStwn gSA

fo'o ds vusd ns'kksa esa bl rjg iwjh dksVZ izksflafMax dh fjdkfMZax dh O;oLFkk orZeku esa py jgh gSA ;fn ;g O;oLFkk gekjs ns'k esa Hkh ykxw gksxh rks U;kf;d ikjnf'kZrk vk;sxh vkSj U;k; flQZ gksxk ugha cfYd gksrk gqvk fn[ksxk HkhA

gekjh ekax gS fd bls flQZ v/khuLFk U;k;ky;ksa rd lhfer u j[kdj bldh ifjf/k esa mPp U;k;ky;ksa ,oa mPpre U;k;ky; dks Hkh yk;k tk;A

bl O;oLFkk ¼vkfM;ksa] ohfM;ksa dSejs yxkus dh½ dk ,d vkSj Qk;nk gksxk fd ofj"B vf/koDrk ds ukferhdj.k] vf/koDrkvksa] U;kf;d vf/kdkfj;ksa ds mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;ewfrZ ds :i esa fu;qfDr] mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;ewfrZ;ksa dh mPpre U;k;ky; essa fu;qfDr rFkk lsokfuo`fÙk ds ckn vk;ksxksa] iapkVksa vkfn esa fu;qfDr ls igys budh ;ksX;rk vkSj {kerk dk csgrj vkadyu gks ldsxkA dksydkrk gkbZdksVZ dh ,d csap us bldh 'kq#vkr dj nh gS ;g iwjs ns'k ds fy, gksuk pkfg,A blls Hkh vPNh ckr ;g fd enzkl mPp U;k;ky; us rks lh/ks ykbo izlkj.k Hkh dj fn;k vc bl O;oLFkk dks iwjs ns'k esa ykxw gksuk pkfg,A

Last Updated on Monday, 11 September 2017 11:53

मोहरा यूं ही नहीं मुहर बनता...

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ns'k dh loksZPp laoS/kkfud laLFkk jk"Vªifr vius tUe ls gh ftruk fooknkLin jgh mlls fooknLin mldk pquko jgk gSA



Last Updated on Tuesday, 22 August 2017 15:24

लंबित वाद: संवैधानिक तत्रों की विफलता, घड़ियाली आंसू: ठीकरा वकीलों पर?

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U;k;ra= ds dk;ZØe dk dksbZ Hkh Qksje gks vkxkt yafcr oknksa ls gksdj mlh ij vkdj mldk lekiu gksrk gS vkSj blds fy, maxyh flQZ odhyksa ij mBk;h tkrh gS tcfd og ,d cgqr NksVk dkj.k gSAA lcls T;knk vpafHkr djus okyh ckr ;g gksrh gS fd lafo/kku ds rhuks vaxksa fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk o U;k;ikfydk ds laoS/kkfud inksa ij fojkteku ekuuh;x.k tks blds fy, ftEesnkj gSa] tc Mk;l ij cksyrs gS rks ,slk yxrk gS fd ;fn buds o'k esa gksrk rks vHkh ;s lc nqjLr dj nsrs tcfd vlfy;r ;gh gS fd budh gh iz'kklfud vdeZ.;rk] v{kerk] vnwjnf'kZrk o losanughurk ds dkj.k vkt ;g fLFkfr gqbZ gSA v/khuLFk] mPp ,oa mPpre U;k;ky; esa ttst] vf/kdkfj;ks@deZpkfj;ksa] yksd vfHk;kstdksa ds yxHkx vk/ks in fjDr py jgs gSa] vko';d lqfo/kkvksa dk vHkko gS] tcfd ;s t:jrs 20 o"kZ igys vkadfyr dh x;h Fkh D;k blds fy, Hkh odhy gh ftEesnkj gSa\

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 22 August 2017 13:14

राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन

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Last Updated on Friday, 21 April 2017 16:22

उच्चतम न्यायालय से SLP वापस ली

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laln ls lM+d rd NksVh ls NksVh ckr ij ,d nwljs ds f[kykQ ekspsZcUnh o c;kuckth djus okyh jk"Vªh; ikfVZ;ka dkaxzsl o Hkktik tc muds futh Qk;ns ¼turk ds ugh½ dh ckr gksrh gS rks lkjs erHksn Hkqykdj ,d gks tkrs gSaA oSls rks ;g ckr vf/kdka'k jktuhfrd nyksa ij ykxw gksrh gS ijUrq ;gk¡ dkaxzsl Hkktik dh xycfg;k¡ dk lanHkZ muds }kjk fons’kh QeksZ ls pank ysus ds lEcU/k esa fo’ks"k :i ls pfpZr gSA ;g fons’kh pank izdj.k jktuhfrd nyksa ds uhfrxr Hkz"Vkpkj dks Hkh mtkxj djrk gSA

dkaxszl Hkktik us fons’kh QeksZ ls pUnk izdj.k esa fnYyh gkbZdksVZ ds 28 ekpZ 2014 ds QSlys ds f[kykQ mPpre U;k;ky; esa nk;j fo’ks"k vuqefr ;kfpdk (SLP) ftldh lquokbZ U;k;ewfrZ ts-,l-[ksgj dh vxqokbZ esa U;k;ewfrZ v:.k feJ ,oa U;k;ewfrZ ,-,e- [kkufoYdj dh ihB dj jgh Fkh] ds le{k ,d la;qDr nyhy j[krs gq, fnYyh gkbZdksVZ ds QSlys dk fojks/k fd;kA

lquokbZ ds le; tc fnu ds iwokZ/k esa cgqr vPNh cgl py jgh Fkh vkSj ,slk yx jgk Fkk fd ;g ,d vPNh cgl gksxh rc ,UVh DykbesUVl lkfcr gqbZ tc nksuks nyksa ds vf/koDrkvksa us fnYyh mPpU;k;ky; ds ,Q-lh-vkj-,- vkSj iksfyfVdy QfUMax ij 28 ekpZ 2014 ds fu.kZ; ds fo:) nkf[ky fo'ks"k vuqefr ;kfpdk la;qDr izkFkZuk djds okil ys yhA Kkr gks fd fnYYkh gkbZdksVZ usa vius QSlys esa dsUnzh; ljdkj vkSj pquko vk;ksx dks] dkuwuh :i ls fuf"k) fons’kh iksfyfVdy Qf.Max dh tkap o dkjZokbZ ds fy, “Relook and reappraise” dk vkns’k nsrs gq, dgk Fkk fd N% eghus esa bu nksuk nyksa ds fo:) ,D’ku ysaA

ekeyk%&

,u-th-vks- ,lksfl,’ku QkWj MseksØsfVd fjQkeZ usa jktuhfrd nyksa dks fons’kh laLFkkvksa }kjk fey jgs voS/k pUns dh tkap djkus ds fy, fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; esa tuojh 2013 esa ,d ;kfpdk WP(C) 131/2013 tks FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act 1996½ ds izko/kkuks ds fo:) jktuhfrd nyksa }kjk fy;k x;k Fkk nkf[ky dhA

Kkr gks fd FCRA 1996 dks 2010 esa u;k fo/ks;d ykdj fjihy dj fn;k x;k Fkk vkSj FCRA of 2010 flrEcj 26] 2010 ls izHkkoh gks x;kA 1976 ds ,DV dh /kkjk 4 pquko izR;k'kh] i=dkj] U;k;k/kh’k] tuizfrfuf/k] jktuhfrd ny ;k blds inkf/kdkjh }kjk fons’kh pUnk ysus ij izfrcU/k yxkrh gSA

,Mhvkj us viuh ;kfpdk esa dgk fd bLVj ykbV bafM;k fy0 o lslk xksok fyfeVsM }kjk jktuhfrd nyks ftlesa dakxzsl o Hkktik 'kkfey gSa dks 2009 rd fn;k x;k rFkk buds }kjk Lohdkj fd;k x;k fons’kh pUnk voS/k gSA ;s dEifu;ksa bLVj ykbV bafM;k fy0 o lslk xksok fyfeVsM Hkkjr esa dEiuh ,DV ds rgr iathd`r gS rFkk buds 50 izfr’kr ls vf/kd 'ks;j dSfiVy osnkUrk fjlkslsZt dh gSa tks baxyS.M vkSj osYl esa iathd`r gSa blds lkFk&lkFk osnkUrk ds 50 izfr’kr ls vf/kd dUVªksfyax 'ks;j vfuy vxzoky ds gSa tks Hkkjr ds ukxfjd gSaA

;kfpdk drkZ ,lksfl,’ku Qkj MseksØsfVd fjQkeZ us viuh ;kfpdk esa dgk fd FCRA dh /kkjk 25-2(C) “Foreign Contribution" tks "Foreign Source" ls izkIr gqvk dks ifjHkkf"kr djrh gSA blh ,DV

Last Updated on Tuesday, 27 December 2016 11:49

तालाबी बिल्डर्स की ढाल बना हाईकोर्ट

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fiNys rhu n'kdksa ls izns'k esa tks Hkh ljdkjsa vk;ha] dY;k.kdkjh jkT; ds ctk; izkiVhZ MhylZ dh rjg gh dke fd;k gS vkSj vius bl /kU/ks dks lqpk# :Ik ls pykus ds fy, fodkl izkf/kdj.kksa dk xBu fd;kA

izns'k ds vf/kdka'k fodkl izkf/kdj.k izkiVhZ MhylZ@fcYMlZ dh rjg dk;Z djrs gq, tu lqfo/kkvksa o lqfu;ksftr fodkl dh ctk; flQZ iSlk dekus o Hkz"Vkpkj dks fodkl izkf/kdj.k mlds vf/kdkfj;ksa] deZpkfj;ksa dh vU; vk; dk lzksr cu x;s gSaA Hkz"Vkpkj dh bl dM+h esa jkT; dh jkt/kkuh dk fodkl izkf/kdj.k gksus ds ukrs y[kuÅ fodkl izkf/kdj.k] jk"Vªh; jkt/kkuh {ks= ds fodkl izkf/kdj.k th-Mh-,-] uks;Mk] xzsVj uks;Mk ls vkxs fudyus dh gksM+ esa lnSo gh yxk jgrk gSA izkf/kdj.k dh Hkz"V vU; vk; ¼vU;k;½ dk eq[; lzksr gS IykV] edku dh voS/k fcØh ml ij voS/k fuekZ.k vkSj vius bl lzksr dks izokg ;qDr cuk;s j[kus ds fy, blus rkykcksa@iks[kjksa dks Hkh i;kZoj.kh; larqyu dks rkd ij j[kdj izkbosV jlw[knkj fcYMjksa@yksxksa dks csp fn;kA

izns'k eas lqfu;ksftr uxjh; fodkl ds fy,] ^mÙkj izns'k vcZu IySfuax ,.M MsoysiesUV vf/kfu;e 1973* cuk ftldk mn~ns'; gS lqfu;ksftr 'kgjhdj.k ftlls ;gka ds fuokfl;ksa dks csgrj tu lqfo/kk,a tSls lM+d] ukyh] ikdZ] 'kq) gok] ikuh fey lds ijUrq dkykUrj esa ;g vius ewy mn~ns'; dks Hkwydj flQZ /kuktZu dk lk/ku cu x;sA bl /kukZtu ds fy, izkf/kdj.k us y[kuÅ ds rkykcksa] iks[kjksa dks Hkh cspus esa dksbZ xqjst ugha fn[kk;kA

oSls rks y[kuÅ ds lqfu;ksftr tu lqfo/kk;qDr fodkl ds fy, egk ;kstuk 1970 esa cuh ijUrq mlesa le;&le; ij la'kks/ku gksrs jgsA 1984 esa xkserh ca/kk ,oa dqdjSy unh cSjkt ij iqy fuekZ.k ds ckn ;g {ks= tks dHkh rkykcksa@iks[kjksa dh otg ls misf{kr Fkk fodkl izkf/kdj.k ds fy, lksus dh [kku cu x;kA

20 Qjojh 1992 ls y[kuÅ egk;kstuk 2001 izo`Ùk gqbZ blds ckn y[kuÅ egk;kstuk 2021 rS;kj gqbZ tks 2005 ls izo`Ùk gqbZA 2021 dh egk;kstuk ykxw gksus ds ckn rkykcksa@iks[kjksa vkfn dks cspus] gfFk;kus dk dke tksj 'kksj ls 'kq# gks x;kA ,y-Mh-,- us blds fy, xzqi gkmflax ds tfj;s izkbosV fcYMjksa dks rkykc@iks[kj cspdj /ku mxkgh dk dke 'kq# fd;kA izkf/kdj.k ds bl xksj[k/ka/ks dk fojks/k esa 25 o"kksZa ls yxs izfrf"Br ekuokf/kdkj ,oa i;kZoj.k laj{k.k lkekftd dk;ZdrkZ v'kksd 'kadj ,oa muds lg;ksxh uhjt ik.Ms; ,MoksdsV us 'kq: fd;k rks izkf/kdj.k us lkft'ku mPp U;k;ky; ds u;s Hkou ds fy, Hkh rkykc dh tehu mPp U;k;ky; ds fy, csp nh vkt mPp U;k;ky; Hkh mUgha fcYMj dh drkj esa [kM+k gS ftlus rkykc@iks[kj ij vV~Vkfydk,a [kM+h dj nh gSaA

izkf/kdj.k }kjk mPp U;k;ky; ds u;s Hkou ds fy, rkykc@iks[kj blfy, cspk x;k fd og izkbosV fcYMlZ ds fy, <ky dk dke djsxk vkSj tc mPp U;k;ky; viuh fcfYMax rkykc@iks[kj ij gksus ds dkj.k ugha fxjk;sxk rks nwljksa dh fcfYMax fxjkus dk vkns'k dSls nsxkA

izkf/kdj.k dh bl nqjfHklfU/k dk vUnktk blls yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd mPp U;k;ky; ds u;s Hkou ds fy, yxHkx 64 djksM+ :i;s esa ftl 40 ,dM+ tehu@rkykc dh jftLVªh ,y-vkj- ds ek/;e ls gqbZ mldh lsy MhM esa dgha Hkh [kljk IykV uEcj ugha fy[kk x;k gSA ,slk tkucw>dj fd;k x;k D;ksafd ;fn foØ; foys[k esa jsosU;w IykV uEcj vk tkrs rks ;g Li"V gks tkrk fd tks IykV uEcj gS muesa ls dqN jsosU;w fjdkMZ esa rkykc ntZ gSaA

izkf/kdj.k }kjk rkykcksa@iks[kjksa@ ty lzksrksa dks voS/k :Ik ls cspuk ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; ds fgap yky frokjh dsl ¼Hinch Lal Tiwari V/s Kamala Devi (2001) 6Scc 496½ esa fn, vkns'k dk [kqyk mya?ku gSA ;g mya?ku vU; fcYMlZ ds fy, egRoiw.kZ gks u gks ysfdu ;fn mPp U;k;ky; Lo;a bldk Hkkxhnkj gks rks bldh xEHkhjrk dk vUnktk yxk;k tk ldrk gSA

,slk ugha gS fd bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; blls vufHku gS D;ksafd "kM+;a= ds rgr izkf/kdj.k }kjk fcYMlZ o mPp U;k;ky; dks csps x, bu rkykcksa@iks[kjksa ds fo#) ,d tufgr ;kfpdk mPp U;k;ky; y[kuÅ ihB esa i;kZoj.k fgrS"kh lkekftd dk;ZdÙkkZ v'kksd 'kadje ,oa uhjt ik.Ms; ,MoksdsV }kjk nkf[ky dh x;h gS ftldh lquokbZ u gks ikus dk gj lEHko iz;kl fd;k x;kA mPp U;k;ky; ds viw.kZ u;s Hkou ds mn~?kkVu ds iwoZ tc ;g ;kfpdk lquokbZ ds fy, yxh rks bldks ,slh ;kfpdk ds lkFk lEc) dj fn;k x;k ftldh Pleading, Ground o Prayer blds Bhd foijhr gSaA

mPp U;k;ky; ds bl joS;s ls gh {kq) gksdj ;kfpdkdrkZvkas us bl ;kfpdk dks us'kuy xzhu fVªC;wuy fnYyh dks izsf"kr djus dk vkxzg ofj"B fucU/kd ls ysdj ihB rd ls dh ijUrq lQyrk u feyus ij mPpre U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk nkf[ky dj vuqjks/k fd;k gS fd ;k rks mDr tufgr ;kfpdk us'kuy xzhu fVªC;wuy] dks LFkkukUrfjr djus dk vkns'k ns ;k Lo;a mldks lqudj fu.kZ; djs D;ksafd mPp U;k;ky; Lo;a ykHkkFkhZ gS blfy, mlls U;k; dh mEehn ugha gSA

izkIr tkudkjh ds vuqlkj y[kuÅ izkf/kdj.k us Lohdkj rks fd;k gS fd blesa rkykcksa@iks[kjksa@tylzksrksa dks cspk gS ysfdu blds cspus dk tks rdZ fn;k gS og mPp ,oa mPp U;k;ky; }kjk ikfjr vkns'kksa dk [kqyk mya?ku gSA

rhu yfjdk ,d larks"k] xngk ekjs u dksbZ nks"k

rkykcksa@iks[kjksa@ty lzksrksa ij vV~Vkfydk,a [kM+h gksus esa] muds cpko esa mPp U;k;ky; y[kuÅ ihB dh Hkwfedk le>us ds fy, ^rhu yfjdk ,d larks"k] xngk ekjs u dksbZ nks"k* dks m/k`r djuk t#jh gSA bl dFkk ds vuqlkj ,d iafMr th ds ikl xkao okys vk;s vkSj cksys iafMr th xkao ds pkj yM+dksa us ,d x/ks dh gR;k dj nh gS bu ij 'kkL=ksa ds vuqlkj n.M fu/kkZfjr djds budh ltk o iki eqfDr dk mik; crkb;sA iafMr th us ,d yEch pkSM+h izfØ;k crkrs gq, dgk fd lksus dk x/kk cuok dj nku djuk gksxk] iwtk djkuh gksxh rHkh gR;k nks"k ds iki ls eqfDr feysxhA iwjh lkexzh] fof/k o [kpZ lquus ds ckn ,d yM+ds dk firk cksyk] iafMr th x/ks dh gR;k esa vkidk csVk larks"k Hkh 'kkfey Fkk vc ;g lqudj iafMr th us dgk ;fn larks"k Hkh gR;k esa 'kkfey Fkk rks mik; nwljk gSA xkao okyks us iwNk nwljk mik; D;k gS iafMr th\ iafMr th us ,d iqLrd [kksyh vkSj dgk 'kkL=ksa esa fy[kk gS ^rhu yfjdk ,d larks"k xngk ekjs u dksbZ nks"kA*

dgus dk rkRi;Z ;g fd ;fn mPp U;k;ky; dk Lo;a dk rkykc ij cuk Hkou ;fn oS/k gS rks nwljs fcYMj dh rkykc ij cuh vV~Vkfydk,a dSls voS/k gks ldrh gSaA vutkus esa fd;k x;k vU;k; {kE; gks ldrk gS ijUrq tkucw>dj fd;k x;k v{kE; vkSj og Hkh tc og laLFkk djs ftlds Åij vU;k;h dks nf.Mr dj U;k; dh LFkkiuk dk nkf;Ro gksA

ekuokf/kdkj ,oa i;kZoj.k fo'ks"k:i ls ty ds {ks= esa dk;Z djus okyh xSj ljdkjh lkekftd laLFkk tukf/kdkj ds izeq[k v'kksd 'kadje ,oa mPp U;k;ky; ds vf/koDrk uhjt ik.Ms; us izkf/kdj.k ds vQlj] usrk o fcYMlZ ds xBtksM+ }kjk bu rkykcksa@iks[kjksa ,oa ty lzksrksa dks ikVdj vV~Vkfydk,a [kM+k djus dk fojks/k 2006 ls gh 'kq# fd;k FkkA Kkr gks fd 2005 esa egk;kstuk 2021 izHkkoh gqbZ ftlesa xzqi gkmflax ds uke ij lqfu;ksftr "kM~;a= ds rgr cM+s fcYMjksa ls iSls ysdj tehu nsus ds uke ij rkykcksa dks vkSus ikSus nke esa cspk x;kA tcfd egk;kstuk 2021 esa izko/kkfur gS&

2-4-14 ty lalk/kuks dk vlarqfyr nksgu

---lhesUV daØhV ds vf/kdkf/kd mi;ksx ds QyLo:i [kqys LFkyksa ds izfr'kr esa deh vk;h gS ty laj{k.k ds ikjEifjd lzksrksa tSls rkykc] >hy] ukyksa dks ikVdj mu ij iDds fuekZ.k dh izo`fÙk ls Hkh Hkwfexr ty lzksrksa dk laj{k.k ckf/kr gqvk gS rFkk Hkwfe dh okVj fjpkftZax o laxzg.k dh {kerk Hkh izHkkfor gks jgh gS ftlls ty Lrj esa fujUrj deh vk jgh gS] uxjokfl;ksa ds lEeq[k ty vkiwfrZ dk ladV mRiUu gks x;k gSA

4-1-3 Hkw&xHkZ tyLrj ds vuq:i egk;kstuk

------- egk;kstuk esa fofHkUu iSfy;ksa pSuy ¼unh] ukys] tyk'k;½ dks lajf{kr j[kdj] fodflr fd;s tkus dk izLrkoA

6-10 vU; mi;ksx& y[kuÅ egk;kstuk 2021 esa vU; dSfVy dkyksuh] ou] LykVj gkml lhost QkeZ rFkk unh@tyk'k; dk {ks= lfEefyr gS ijUrq budh x.kuk uxjh;dj.k ;ksX; {ks=Qy esa ugha dh x;h gSA

6-10-2 unh tyk'k;& egk;kstuk 2021 fo|eku unh@tyk'k; ds orZeku {ks= dks gh lajf{kr j[krs gq, yxHkx 1150 gs0 {ks= dks j[kk x;k gSA

7-1-4 jsu okVj gkosZfLVax&

xzkm.M okVj ds laj{k.k rFkk fjpkftZax gsrq uxjh; {ks=ksa dh egk;kstukvksa@ tksuy MsoyiesaV Iykal esa izLrkfor fdlh Hkw&mi;ksx tksu ds vUrZxr ,d ,dM+ ,oa mlls vf/kd {ks=Qy ds izkd`frd tyk'k;] rkykc o >hy vkfn dk orZeku okLrfod mi;ksx ;Fkkor vFkok mlds vuq"kkafxd jgsxk Hkys gh egk;kstuk esa mu LFkkuksa dk izeq[k Hkw&mi;ksx vU;Fkk n'kkZ;k x;k gksaA ,sls leLr tyk'k;ksa] rkykcksa >hyksa vkfn dks mudh fLFkfr ,oa {ks=Qy ds fooj.k lfgr lwph c)dj egk;kstuk@tksuy Iyku@ysvkmV Iyku esa muds laj{k.k gsrq leqfpr izkfo/kku fd;s tkus vfuok;Z gksxsA

v'kksd 'kadje ,oa uhjt ik.Ms; tc 2006 ls 2013 rd vFkd iz;kl djus ds ckn Hkh bu rkykcksa] iks[kjksa] tyk'k;ksa dks buds ewy Lo:i esa ykSVkus esa fujk'k gks x;s rks vafre vk'kk ds :Ik esa mPp U;k;ky; y[kuÅ ihB esa tufgr ;kfpdk nk;j dh ftlesa m0iz0 ljdkj] jktLo vf/kdkfj;ksa] izkf/kdj.k vf/kdkfj;ksa] izkbosV fcYMlZ ds lkFk&lkFk mPp U;k;ky; dks Hkh foi{kh cuk;kA

,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd mPp U;k;ky; dks bl tufgr ;kfpdk esa foi{kh ikVhZ cukuk gh ;kfpdk drkZ ds fy, ?kkrd fl) gqvkA urhtk gS fd 3 g¶rs dk le; izkf/kdj.k dks izfr'kiFk Ik= nkf[ky djus ds fy, fn;k x;k Fkk ysfdu izkf/kdj.k us 34 eghus chr tkus ds ckn Hkh izfr'kiFk Ik= ugha nkf[ky fd;k 'kk;n bl ckr dk bartkj fd;k fd mPp U;k;ky; dk Hkou cudj rS;kj gks tk;A gqvk Hkh ;gh tufgr ;kfpdk ij rkjh[k ij rkjh[k c<+rh jgh izkbosV fcYMlZ dh vV~Vkfydk,a rks igys gh rS;kj gks x;h Fkh mPp U;k;ky; dk u;k Hkou Hkh vk/kk v/kwjk rS;kj gks x;kA vc mPp U;k;ky; iz'kklu bl ckr ls bUdkj ugha dj ldrk fd mldks bl ckr dh tkudkjh ugha Fkh fd y[kuÅ izkf/kdj.k us rkykc dh tehu mls csp nh vkSj vUr esa O;oLFkk ogh ^rhu yfjdk ,d larks"k] xngk ekjs u dksbZ nks"k*A

v/kwjs u;s Hkou ds mn~?kkVu dh tYnh D;ksa Fkh\

cdkSy tufgr ;kfpdkdrkZ v'kksd 'kadje ,oa uhjt ik.Ms; ge rks lu~ 2006 ls ufn;ksa] rkykcksa] >hyksa rFkk tylzksrksa dks cpkus ,oa mudk ewy Lo:i cuk;s j[kus ds fy, mu ij gks jgs vfrØe.k ds fo#) tutkxj.k ds lkFk&lkFk izkf/kdj.k] jktLo foHkkx ls ysdj ljdkj rd yM+kbZ yM+ jgs gSa vkSj ml le; rks mPp U;k;ky; ds Hkou dk u rks dksbZ ftØ

Fkk u gh ukeksfu'kku dgha FkkA

y[kuÅ fodkl izkf/kdj.k ds rRdkyhu mik/;{k ch-ch- flag us u flQZ cM+s fcYMlZ dks rkykc vkoafVr dj fn;k cfYd muds rkykch izkstsDV dh 'kq#vkr Hkh dh bl ekSds ij ik'oZ ukFk MsoysilZ ds v/;{k us ch-ch- flag dh Hkwfj&Hkwfj iz'kalk djrs gq, dgk Fkk fd ns'k ds fo[;kr MsoyilZ dks jkt/kkuh ykus dk Js; ch-ch- flag th dks gSA

rkykch izkbosV fcYMlZ ds fo#) tukf/kdkj laLFkk ds c<+rs ncko ls ijs'kku y[kuÅ fodkl izkf/kdj.k us ,d vlku jkLrk fudkyk vkSj mPp U;k;ky; ds dqN fgLls dh tehu tks rkykc esa ntZ Fkh 2008 esa csp nhA bl lca/k esa jktLo foHkkx ls ysdj izkf/kdj.k rd dk dksbZ Hkh vf/kdkjh tc eqag [kksyus dks rS;kj ugha gqvk rks mPp U;k;ky; esa tufgr ;kfpdk nk;j dh ftl ij 34 eghuksa esa ek= 5 ckj lquokbZ gqbZA tufgr ;kfpdk dk Hkh ogh gJ gqvk tks jktLo o izkf/kdkj.k ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ds le{k izdj.k dk gqvk FkkA vpkud ,d fnu fuekZ.k fuxe ds ,eMh ds gokys ls v[kckj esa i<+k fd gkbZdksVZ dk u;k Hkou mn~?kkVu ds fy, rS;kj gSA

lEiw.kZ oLrq fLFkfr ls Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dks] jk"Vªifr dks voxr djkus ds fy,] dULVªD'ku jksdus o mn~?kkVu u djus dk vkxzg djus okyk Ik= vius vf/koDrk ds ek/;e ls HkstA blds iwoZ esa Hkh fnukad 27-4-14 dks mPpre U;k;ky; ds egkfuca/kd dks eSaus iwjs izdj.k dh tkudkjh nsrs gq, ek0 eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ;k muds ukfer O;fDr ds le{k izdj.k j[kus dk le; ekaxk ftl ij  dksbZ dkjZokgh ugha gqbZ vkSj os yxkrkj tokc nsus ls cprs jgsA

lEiw.kZ fLFkfr tkuus ds ckotwn Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k egksn; 19 ekpZ 2016 dks mPp U;k;ky; ds vk/ks&v/kwjs u, Hkou dk mn~?kkVu dj x;sA ,d ,sls Hkou dk tks vHkh mPp U;k;ky; dks u rks gLrkarfjr gqvk Fkk u gh mlds fuekZ.k drkZ jktdh; fuekZ.k fuxe m0iz0 ds ikl ,y-Mh-,- dk iw.kZrk izek.k Ik= o vU; lEcfU/kr foHkkxksa dk vukifÙk izek.k Ik= Fkk vkSj tks 'kk;n vkt Hkh ugha gSA

v'kksd 'kadje dk vkxs dguk gS fd ,slh D;k tYnh Fkh vk/ks v/kwjs Hkou ds mn~?kkVu dh fd ftlesa mn?kkVu ds 6 eghus ckn Hkh lquokbZ ugha 'kq# gks ldhA ,slk vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd ,slk bl rkykch Hkou ij eq[; U;k;k/kh'k Hkkjr] mÙkj izns'k ds jkT;iky] ,oa mÙkj izns'k ds eq[;ea=h dh eqgj yxokus ds fy, fd;k x;kA dqy feykdj ;g mn~?kkVu laoS/kkfud izeq[kksa }kjk ,y-Mh-,- m0iz0 fuekZ.k fuxe o mPp U;k;ky; iz'kklu ds Hkz"Vkpkj ij BIis ds lkFk lkFk ;g Mj Hkh nwj djus ds fy, gqvk Fkk fd dksbZ Qksje blds fuekZ.k o mn~?kkVu ij jksd u yxk ldsA

mPp U;k;ky; ls Hkh fujk'k gksus ds ckn geus izkFkZuk Ik= fn;k fd mPpre U;k;ky; ds fu.kZ; ds ifjisz{; esa gekjh ;kfpdk us'kuy xzhu fV~C;wuy dks VªkalfeV dj nh tk; ysfdu ;g Hkh u gks ldk D;ksafd fdlh Hkh nwljs Qksje ij tkrs gh lkjh dkjxqtkjh lkeus vk tkus dk Mj gSA

vUr esa Fkd gkj dj vc mPpre U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk bl ;kpuk ds lkFk nk;j dh gS fd mPp U;k;ky; y[kuÅ ihB ls U;k; dh mEehn lekIr gks pqdh gS D;ksafd og Lo;a ml d`R; dk ykHkkFkhZ gS ftlds fo:) ;kfpdk nk;j gS] blfy, gekjh ;kfpdk ;k rks us'kuy xzhu fVªC;wuy dks LFkkukUrfjr dj nh tk; ;k mPpre U;k;ky; Lo;a lquokbZ djds U;k; nsaA

gekjs bl iz'u ds mÙkj esa fd vc tc 1500 djksM+ #i;s mDr Hkou ij [kpZ gks pqds gSa rks D;k og fxjk;k tk ldrk gS] v'kksd 'kadje us dgk fd tc o"kksZa iqjkuh dSEikdksyk lkslk;Vh] vkn'kZ lkslk;Vh dh fcfYMax ftlesa yksx jg jgs gSa fxjk;h tk ldrh gS rks blesa rks vHkh dke Hkh ugha 'kq# gqvk gSA viuh ckr dks vkxs c<+krs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd vc rks gesa ;g ns[kuk gS fd mPp U;k;ky; rkykc ij viuk Hkou cukus ds ckn nwljs ¼fdlkuksa] xjhckas] ftuds fy, 15 gtkj #i;s ljdkj ds 1500 djksM+ ls T;knk ek;us j[krsa gSa½ ds rkykcksa] iks[kjksa ij cus fuekZ.k dks /oLr djus ;k fuekZ.k u djus dk vkns'k dSls nsrk gS\ vkSj D;k fl) djrk gS fd ^dkuwu dh utj esa lc cjkcj gSa* ;k ^lejFk dks ugha nks"k xkslkbZa*

Last Updated on Saturday, 24 December 2016 16:17

लक्ष्मण V/s भूमध्य रेखा

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जब देखो हर ऐरा, गैरा, नत्थूखैरा न्यायपालिका को लक्ष्मण रेखा की याद दिलाने लगता है लेकिन आजतक हमारी समझ में यह नहीं आया कि ऐसे लोग इतने बड़े-बड़े संवैधानिक पदों पर कैसे बैठ जाते हैं। जिनको यह ज्ञान भी नहीं है कि लक्ष्मण रेखा किसके लिए और क्यूं खींची गयी थी। संदर्भ के लिए बताते चलें कि लक्ष्मण रेखा सीता और रावण के लिए खींची गयी थी जिसका उद्देष्य था कि यदि रावण (अन्यायी) उस रेखा को पार करके अन्दर आयेगा तो भष्म हो जायेगा और यदि सीता उसके बाहर गयीं तो उनकी सुरक्षा व सम्मान खतरे में पड़ जायेगा।
अब प्रष्न उठता है कि जो लोग न्यायपालिका को लक्ष्मण रेखा स्मरण कराते हैं वे न्यायपालिका को क्या मानते हैं रावण या सीता। यदि रावण मानते हैं तो अबतक न्यायपालिका को भष्म हो जाना चाहिए था क्योंकि जिस दृष्टि से वे लक्ष्मण रेखा को निर्धारित करते हैं (संविधान नहीं) वह तो कई बार लांघी जा चुकी है लेकिन वह भष्म होने के बजाय और सषक्त होकर अपनी उपस्थिति दर्ज करा रही है और यदि सीता (जिसे वे मानते नहीं) मानते हैं तो लक्ष्मण रेखा लांघने के बाद भी सीता को कष्ट जरूर उठाना पड़ा लेकिन उनका गौरव व सम्मान न सिर्फ सुरक्षित रहा बल्कि वह अन्याय, भ्रष्टाचार, अनैतिकता, विध्वंष का कारण बनी और राम (संविधान) कारक।
आज जहां कार्यपालिका व विधायिका आषीष (सिर तक) भ्रष्टाचार में डूबी गयी है वहां न्यायपालिका भी इससे अछूती नहीं है लेकिन इसके आकष्ठ डूबने के बाद भी अभी इसका मुह, आंख, नाक, कान व मस्तिष्क बचा हुआ हैं जिससे जनता को जो विष्वास विधायिका व कार्यपालिका से उठ चुका है वह न्यायपालिका पर थोड़ा बहुत बना हुआ है और वह इसे अंतिम आष के तौर पर देख रहा है। जनता का न्यायपालिका पर यह आषा व विष्वास अकारण नहीं है क्योंकि जब तक एक भी ईमानदार, कर्तव्यानिष्ठ, मानवीय संवेदनाओं से युक्त राष्ट्रभक्त जज बचा रहेगा तब तक यह विष्वास कायम रहेगा और अभी तो एक नहीं बहुत सारे ऐसे जज हैं जो इसकी गरिमा सम्मान व उपादेयता को संरक्षित करने में लगे हैं।
अब वक्त आ गया है कि न्यायपालिका लक्ष्मण रेखा की परवाह न करते हुए उस भूमध्य रेखा की ओर बढ़े जो न्याय व अन्याय, ईमानदारी व भ्रष्टाचार कर्मठता व अकर्मण्यता, नैतिकता व अनैतिकता के बीच खिंची है और अन्याय, भ्रष्टाचार, अकर्मण्यता, अनैतिकता को मिटाने में अपनी भूमिका का निर्वाह करें।

Last Updated on Friday, 09 September 2016 16:55

लंबित वाद: घड़ियाली आंसू

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vO;oLFkk] dqiks"k.k] Hkz"Vkpkj ,oa laosnughurk dk f'kdkj dksbZ Hkh ra= lqpk# :i ls dke ugha dj ldrkA vkt U;k;ikfydk ns'k dh egRoiw.kZ fdUrq lcls misf{kr laLFkk gS ftlij vketu ds ekSfyd vf/kdkjksa dh j{kk dk nkf;Ro gS ftlds fy, vU; laLFkk, rks ftEesnkj gSa gh jgh lgh dlj Lo;a U;k;ikfydk us iwjh dj nh gSA ns'k ds 24 mPp U;k;ky; esa ek= ef.kiqj o f=iqjk dks NksM+dj dgha Hkh U;k;ewfrZ;ksa dh fu;qfDr {kerk ds vuq:i ugha gS ftldk izHkko oknksa ds fuiVkjs ij iM+ jgk gSA

1vizSy 2016 ds vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj U;k;k/kh'kksa ds dqy 1056 okn Lohd`r gSa ysfdu dke ek= 594 U;k;/kh'k gh dj jgs gSa 462 in fjDr gSaA buesa lcls T;knk fjfDr;ka bykgkckn mPp U;k;ky; esa gS mPpU;k;ky;ksa esa bykgkckn esa 160 ds lkis{k 90] gSnjkckn esa 22 ds lkis{k 13] fnYyh esa 60 ds lkis{k 21] xkSgkVh esa 24 ds lkis{k 10] xqtjkr esa 52 ds lkis{k 22] fgekapy izns'k esa 13 ds lkis[k 6]

tEewd'ehj esa 17 ds lkis{k 8] >kj[k.M esa 25 ds lkis{k 13] dukZVd esa 62 ds lkis{k 31] dsjy esa 38 ds lkis{k 3] e/;izns'k esa 53 ds lkis{k 24] enzkl esa 75 ds lkis{k 41] es?kky; essa 4 ds lkis{k 2] mfM+lk esa 27 ds lkis{k 6] iVuk esa 53 ds lkis{k 24] iatkc gfj;k.kk esa 85 ds lkis{k 38] jktLFkku esa 50 ds lkis{k 26] flfDde esa 3 ds lkis{k 1 ,oa mÙkjk[k.M esa 11 ds lkis{k 5 in fjDr FksA vHkh dqN mPp U;k;ky;ksa esa lfoZl dksVs ls dqN fu;qfDr;ka gqbZ gSa ysfdu os Å¡V ds eqag esa thjs ds leku gSA blds vfrfjDr mPpre U;k;ky; esa 6 rFkk v/khuLFk U;k;ky;ksa esa 20502 ds lkis{k 4432 in fjDr gSaA

mPp U;k;ky;ksa ,oa mPpre U;k;ky; esa ttst dh fu;qfDr fiNys nks o"kksZa esa flQZ nks laoS/kkfud laLFkkvksa dk;Zikfydk o U;k;ikfydk dh opZLo dh tax esa my> dj jg x;h gkykafd bl tax esa U;k;ikfydk us Lo;a dks fot;h rks ?kksf"kr dj fy;k ysfdu ;g Hkwy x;h fd tks bl ns'k dh laoS/kkfud O;oLFkk gS mlesa gkj thr fdlh dh gks [kkfe;ktk rks vke vkneh dks gh Hkqxruk iM+rk gSA

gky gh esa ns'k ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us ftl izdkj izns'k ds eq[;ea=h;ksa ,oa eq[;U;k;k/kh'kksa ds lEesyu esa iz/kkuea=h ds lkeus flQZ ttst dh fu;qfDr u gks ikus ij jks;s rks bles gesa ;g lkspus ij foo'k dj fn;k fd tc ns'k dk eq[; U;k;k/kh'k flQZ ttst dh fu;qfDr u gksus ij jks jgs gSa rks ml turk ds nnZ dk vUnktk yxkb;s ftlds eqdnesa ih<+h nj ih<+h pyrs pys vk jgs gSa fuiVus dk uke gh ugha ys jgs gSaA ysfdu oknksa ds vEckj ds fy, ;|fi fd gj Qksje ij flQZ vf/koDrkvksa dh vksj gh maxyh mBk;h tkrh gS vkSj ,slk trkus dh dksf'k'k gksrh gS fd mlds fy, flQZ ogha ftEesnkj gSa tcfd fLFkfr blds Bhd foijhr gS vf/koDrkvksa dk rks cgkuk ek= gSA izeq[k :i ls blds fy, fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk ,oa U;k;ikfydk iz'kklu ftEesnkj gSA

fo/kkf;dk dh Hkwfedk
ns'k dh laln ,oa fo/kku lHkk,a lqLi"V ,oa l{ke dkuwu cukus esa iwjh rjg vlQy lkfcr gqbZ gSaA

vktknh ds ckn ds bu 70 o"kksZa esa Hkh tuHkkoukvksa ds foijhr tu lgefr ds fcuk fNViqV dkuwuksa dks cuk dj ;s vius drZO; dh bfrJh dj ys jgh gSA gekjs ns'k esa vkt Hkh vaxzstksa ds cuk;s Ms<+ lkS lky ls T;knk iqjkus dkuwuksa ds lgkjs U;k; izfØ;k py jgh gSA vkijkf/kd U;k; iz.kkyh rks iwjh rjg ls /oLr gks pqdh gS ftlds vkewy pwy ifjorZu dh vko’;drk gSA dkuwu cukuk rks NksfM+, gtkjksa ,sls vO;ogkfjd fu"iz;ksT; gks pqds dkuwuksa dks ;s lekIr ugha dj ik;s tks vc orZeku ljdkj lekIr djus dk dqN iz;kl dj jgh gSA

bu Ms<+ lkS o"kksZa esa ef"rd o e'khu nksuks esa cgqr cnyko vk;k ;fn budk lesfdr v/;;u djds lekt o ns'k dh n'kk fn'kk ds vuqlkj dkuwu curs o cnyrs jgrs rks vkt ;s gkyr u gksrhA vkx yxus ij dqavk [kksnus okyh izo`fÙk gS tc tuncko curk gS rHkh ;s tkxrs gSa pkgs og cykRdkj dkuwu cukuk gks ;k yksdikyA oSls budh dksf'k'k ;gh gksrh gS fd ge dksbZ ,slk dkuwu u cuk;sa ftlls dHkh gesa uqdlku >syuk iM+sA ;fn vkt ,d ,slk tokcnsgh dkuwu cu ik;s ftlls ,d vke vkneh ls ysdj jk"Vªifr rd dh tokcnsgh r; gks tk; rks cgqr lkjh leL;k dk lek/kku Lo;a fudy vk;sxkA

dk;Zikfydk dh Hkwfedk
mPpre U;k;ky; ls ysdj v/khuLFk U;k;ky; rFkk rglhy Lrj ij oknksa dh lquokbZ ds fy, okndkfj;ksa ds cSBus] ikuh] 'kkSpky; lfgr v/kkjHkwr <kapksa ds vHkko ds lkFk tula[;k vuqikr esa ttst ,oa dksVZ :e dh deh [kkt+ dh leL;kvksa dks dks<+ esa ifjofrZr dj jgh gSA

eq[; U;k;k/kh'keku Vh-,l- Bkdqj us dsUnz o jkT; ljdkjksa dh mnklhurk dk ftØ djrs gq, dgk fd vkt ls 30 o"kZ iwoZ 1987 esa fof/k vk;ksx dh flQkfj'kksa ,oa mPpre U;k;ky; ds fu.kZ; }kjk ttst dh la[;k c<+kus ds fy, dgk x;k Fkk ysfdu vktrd ljdkjksa }kjk dksbZ lkFkZd iz;kl ugha gqvkA fof/k vk;ksx us izfr nl yk[k vkcknh ij 50 tt dk vuqikr j[kus dh vuq'kka'kk ml le; dh Fkh vkt rks fLFkfr vkSj Hkh Hk;kog gSA

ljdkjksa }kjk fu;e dkuwu dks ?kÙkk crkdj LosPNkpkjh gksdj dk;Z djus dh izo`fÙk us Hkh vnkyrksa dk cks> c<+kus esa dksbZ dksj&dlj ugha NksM+h gSA

,d gh rjg ds vkns'k U;k;ky; }kjk [kkfjt fd;s tkus ds ckotwn oSls gh vkns'k ljdkj }kjk ikfjr djus ij vadq'k u yxkus ds dkj.k fLFkfr Hk;kog gks jgh gSA ;fn ;g nkf.Md O;oLFkk gks fd xyr vkns'k ikfjr djus ij vkSj mlds U;k;ky; ls fujLr gksus ij eqdnesa ij ljdkj }kjk [kpZ fd;k x;k iSlk vf/kdkfj;ksa ls O;fDrxr rkSj ij olwyk tk;sxk rFkk xyr vkns'k ikfjr djus dk nks"kh ekurs gq, mudh lsok iaftdk esa fy[kk tk;sxk rks 'kk;n bl ij dqN vadq'k yxsA U;k;ky; ds vkns'k dh voekuuk djuk] [kjkc dkuwu O;oLFkk] ypj iqfyflax ,oa laosnughu vQljlkgh] v{ke ljdkjh odhy o ypj iSjoh] U;k;ikfydk ds fy, ljdkj }kjk ,d izfr'kr ls Hkh de ctV voafVr gksuk blds eq[; dkj.k gSaA

okndkfj;ksa dks U;k; fnykus ds fy, vko';d Fkk fd ljdkj U;k;ra= dks mldh leLr v/kkjHkwr vko';drkvksa] ttst] vf/kdkfj;ksa o deZpkfj;ksa dh fu;qfDr] dksVZ:e] fjdkMZ :e odhyksa ds cSBus dh O;oLFkk] vfHk;kstu dSMj dks Lora= cukdj iqfyl ra= ls eqDr djds okndkfj;ksa ds fy, dksVZ ifjlj esa ikuh] cSBus] 'kkSpky; tSlh HkwyHkwr lqfo/kkvksa dh LFkkiuk djds U;k; dh /kqjh dks etcwr djsa rks ftlesa og vc rd vlQy jgh gS tcfd tulkekU; ds ewyvf/kdkjksa dh j{kk gsrq U;k;ra= dk etcwr gksuk vR;Ur vko';d gSA

U;k;ikfydk dh Hkwfedk


vke vkneh dks lÙkk] lqyHk] 'kh?kz U;k; fnykus esa vlQy lkfcr gqbZ fo/kkf;dk o dk;Zikfydk us rks viuk nkf;Ro fuHkk;k ugha ysfdu U;k;ikfydk esa cSBs ftEesnkj Hkh viuh Hkwfedk fuHkkus esa vlQy lkfcr gq;s gSaA ns'k ds ekuuh; eq[; U;k;k/kh'k us ttst dk cks> de djus ds fy, ttst dh la[;k c<+kus dh ckr ij rks Hkkoqd gks x;s ysfdu muds ikl bl ckr dk D;k tokc gS&

  • fd mPp U;k;ky;ksa esa 44% ttst ds in fjDr D;ksa gSa\
  • fd mPpre U;k;ky; esa 20% ttst ds in fjDr D;ksa gS\
  • fd v/khuLFk U;k;ky;ksa esa yxHkx 22% U;kf;d vf/kdkfj;ksa ds in D;ksa fjDr gSa\
  • ljdkj dg ldrh gS ftrus in fn, x;s gSa ogh ugha Hkjs tk jgs gSa rks u;s inksa ds l`tu ls D;k ykHk\
  • mPp U;k;ikfydk esa ikjnf'kZrk dk vHkko gksus ds dkj.k leL;k,a vf/kd c<+ jgh gSa rFkk voekuuk ds Mj ls dksbZ blds fo#) cksyrk Hkh ugha gSA lcls fooknL; eqn~nksa gS ttst dh fu;qfDrA tgka la[;k ls vf/kd mudh xq.koÙkk dk iz'u gS tks dsl ,d lquokbZ esa lekIr gks tkus okyk gksrk gS mls Hkh yVdk fn;k tkrk gSA
  • dsl osY;w ds ctk; Qs'k oSY;w dks egRo fn;k tkuk Hkh bl leL;k dk ,d vge dkj.k gSA
  • vf/koDrkvksa }kjk xSj t#jh ,MtkuZes.V ysukA ;|fi fd dsl lquuk ;k ,MtkZu djuk tt dk fo'ks"kf/kdkj gSA
  • eq[; U;k;k/kh’k }kjk ttst ds chp dk;Z dk vfu;ksftr cVokjkA izk;% ;g ns[kk tkrk gS fd dqN tt viuk dk;Z cgqr de le; esa iwjk djds [kkyh gks tkrs gSaA vPNs l{ke ttst dks de egRoiw.kZ dk;Z lkSaiuk
  • dsl dh lquokbZ djds ttesUV yEcs le; rd fjtZo j[kuk fQj mls fjyht dj nsukA
  • eq[; U;k;k/kh'kksa dh iz'kklfud v{kerk o vnwjnf'kZrkiwoZ iz'kklfud fu.kZ;A
  • ftu U;k;f;d vf/kdkfj;ksa dh fu;qfDr U;k;ky;ksa esa cSBdj eqdnesa fuiVkus ds fy, gqbZ gS mudks ogka ls gVkdj mPpU;k;ky; ;k fofHkUu ljdkjh foHkkxksa esa ckcwxhjh djus ds fy, HkstukA

oknksa ds fuLrkj.k esa foyEc ds fy, vU; ckrksa ds lkFk&lkFk eq[; U;k;k/kh'kksa dh Hkwfedk cgqr egRoiw.kZ gSA mÙkj izns'k dks gh ys fy;k tk; rks yxHkx 100 ls vf/kd mPprj U;k;f;d lsok ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ¼ftudh fu;qfDr ftyk U;k;ky;ksa esa cSBdj eqdnesa lquus o QSlyk djus ds fy, gqbZ gS½ dks U;kf;d d;ksZa ls brj mPpU;k;ky; ls ysdj ljdkj ds fofHkUu foHkkxksa esa ckcwxhjh djus ds fy, fcBk fn;k x;k gSA cgqr lkjs ,sls U;kf;d ckcwvksa dk rks lsok thou gh vnkyrksa ds ctk; flQZ ckcwxhjh djus esa chr x;kA blesa Hkh gkL;kLin ;g gS fd bu U;k;f;d ckcqvksa dks mPpU;k;ky; esa Hkh U;kf;d dk;Z ds ctk; iz'kklfud@ foÙkh; dk;Z esa yxk;k x;k gS tcfd dkMj ds vf/kdkfj;ksa dks iz'kklfud ds ctk; U;k;f;d dk;Z esa yxk;k x;k gSA dk;Zikfydk dk Hkz"Vkpkj tgka eqdneksa dh la[;k c<+k jgk gS ogha U;k;ikfydk dk Hkz"Vkpkj buds fuiVus esa ck/kk [kM+h dj jgk gSA

'kh?kz U;k; ds fy, lek/kku
eqdneksa ds c<+rs cks> ds fy, fo/kkf;dk] dk;Zikfydk rFkk U;k;ikfydk rhuksa gh ftEesnkj gSaA tc rd buds vUnj bPNk'kfDr tkx`r ugha gksxh bldk lek/kku vklku ugha gksxkA

bl leL;k ds lek/kku ds fy, fo/kkf;dk vaxzstksa ds cuk, iqjkus dkuwu tks mlus Hkkjrh;ksa ij izHkkoh vadq'k o jkt djus ds fy, cuk, Fks] dks lekIr dj Li"V o izHkkoh dkuwu cuk,] dk;Zikfydk ¼ljdkj½ vk/kqfudre rduhd ls lqlfTtr v/kkjHkwr <kapk eqgS¸;k djk;s] tula[;k ds vuqikr esa ttst] vf/kdkfj;ksa o deZpkfj;ksa ds in c<+k;s] eqdneksa dh izHkkoh iSjoh ds fy, ;ksX; vf/kdkfj;ksa vf/koDrkvksa dh fu;qfDr djsa rFkk U;k;ikfydk iw.kZ ikjnf'kZrk ds lkFk ttst dh fu;qfDr dj iz'kklfud dk;ksZa dks izHkkoh <ax ls U;k;ky; lapkyu ds ;ksX; cukdj ykxw djsaA

U;k;ky; ifjlj dh lqj{kk o izHkkoh lapkyu ds fy,] U;kf;d izfØ;k esa ikjnf'kZrk ykus ds fy, ifjlj ds lkFk&lkFk U;k; d{k esa vkfM;ks&fotqvy fjdkWfMZax dSejs yxk;s tk;as ftlls U;k; nsus dh izfØ;k ls tqMs gj oxZ ij izHkkoh fuxjkuh j[krs gq, mlds dk;Z] O;ogkj o xq.koÙkk dk vkadyu gks ldsA U;kf;d O;oLFkk esa lq/kkj vkt ns'k dh igyh vko';drk gS D;ksafd ns'k dk fodkl ,oa ns'k ds ukxfjdksa dh lq[k 'kkfUr blls lh/ks tqM+h gqbZ gS vkSj gekjk ekuuk gS fd fdlh Hkh dk;Z dks djus ds fy, lalk/kuks ds lkFk&lkFk etcwr bPNk'kfDr dh vko';drk gksrh gSA vkt Hkh vke vkneh dh ,d ek= vk'kk flQZ U;k;ra= ij gh fVdh gSA

  • le;c) U;k; ds fy, dkuwuh O;oLFkk gks ftlesa Vªk;y dksVZ ds fy, vf/kdre nks o"kZ vihyh; ds fy, 1 o"kZ] mPpU;k;ky; ds fy, 6 eghus] o mPpre U;k;ky; ds fy, 3 eghus fu/kkfjZr gksA
  • oknh ds fy, U;k;ky; dh nwjh de gksA
  • ;ksX;] bZekunkj] dk;Z'khy] ekuorkoknh o ldkjkRed n`f"Vdks.k okys tt gksA
  • vPNk] lqn`<+] l{ke o Hkz"Vkpkj eqDr U;k;ky; iz'kklu O;oLFkk gksA
  • ;ksX;] bZekunkj] l{ke o dkuwu dh csgrj le> j[kus] ;ksX; izHkkoh iSjoh okys ljdkjh odhy gksA
  • ;ksX;] le>nkj o izksfltj ykW ds tkudkj odhy gksA

U;k;ewfrZ Hkxoku] vf/koDrk /kekZpk;Z vkSj U;k;ky; iz'kklu iqtkjh dh tks 'kkL=ksa esa ¼vkt dh ugha½ Hkwfedk gS mldk ikyu djsaA rkRi;Z ;g fd U;k;ewfrZ jkx }s"k vius ijk;s dh lhekvks ls Åij mBdj dke djsa] vf/koDrk lgh rF;ksa] dkuwuksa o O;oLFkkvksa dks ihB ds lkeus j[ksa rFkk U;k;ky; iz'kklu Hkz"Vkpkj eqDr okrkoj.k cukdj dk;Z djsaA
;fn blesa ge vlQy gq, rks bu lEesyuksa] cSBdksa] ds ckjs esa tks iz/kkuea=h] eq[;ea=h ds lkFk gksrh gS turk rks ;gh dgsxh&

dkSe ds xe esa fMuj djrs gSa gqDdke ds lkFkA
jat+ yhMj dks gS cgqr exj vkjke ds lkFkAA

Last Updated on Friday, 09 September 2016 16:53

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